Dick Griffey in 1974
|Birth name||Richard Gilbert Griffey|
November 16, 1938|
|Origin||Los Angeles, California|
|Died||September 24, 2010
Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California
|Genres||R&B, soul, disco, funk|
|Occupations||music executive, record producer, concert promoter, songwriter, talent coordinator|
|Labels||SOLAR Records, Soul Train Records|
|Associated acts||Dr. Dre, James Brown, Aretha Franklin, Jon Gibson, Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder|
Richard Gilbert "Dick" Griffey (November 16, 1938 – September 24, 2010) was an American record producer and music promoter who founded SOLAR Records, an acronym for "Sound of Los Angeles Records". The label played a major role in developing a funk-oriented blend of disco, R&B and soul music during the 1970s and 1980s. As a concert promoter, Griffey arranged bookings for artists including James Brown, Aretha Franklin, Jon Gibson, Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder.
Life and career
Griffey was born on November 16, 1938, and grew up in the housing projects of Nashville, Tennessee, where he was a drummer in local clubs in his teens. After briefly attending Tennessee State University, he enlisted in the United States Navy at age 17. He served as a medic and worked as a private-duty nurse after completing his military service.
After moving to Los Angeles in the 1960s, Griffey became part owner of Guys and Dolls, a nightclub which featured performances by such rising stars as Isaac Hayes and Ike & Tina Turner. Griffey worked as talent co-ordinator on Soul Train, the musical variety show created by Don Cornelius, and together they established Soul Train Records in 1975.
Griffey formed his own label, SOLAR Records (an acronym for Sound of Los Angeles Records) in 1977. Music critic Stephen Holden, of The New York Times, predicted a bright future for the label in the pop market, writing a profile under the headline "Solar Could Be the Motown of the 80's". SOLAR acts included Shalamar, which produced such hits as "The Second Time Around" and "This Is for the Lover in You". With The Whispers, SOLAR released such hits as "And the Beat Goes On" (co-written by Griffey) and "Rock Steady". Other acts signed by SOLAR during the 1980s were The Deele, Dynasty, Klymaxx, Lakeside, Midnight Star and The Whispers. As a promoter, Griffey booked tours for artists including James Brown, Aretha Franklin and Michael Jackson, earning the moniker "Kingpin of Soul Promoters".
After Jon Gibson was signed to Griffey's subsidiary label, Constellation Records, Griffey would have fun tricking a number of his artists with Jon's tape (they thought it was Stevie Wonder). Jon's debut came as a guest vocalist for three songs on Bill Wolfer's album, Wolf. It was during the process of making that album that Jon met his musical idol, Stevie Wonder, and worked with a crew of other musicians, including Michael Jackson. Wolfer returned the favor the next year by producing Gibson's debut album, Standing on the One. The debut showed that Gibson was more than a Wonder-clone and that he had song-writing skills to go with his 'great voice'.
Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, who had been frustrated in his role as a background singer with The Deele, credited Griffey with encouraging him to step out on his own and pursue a solo career, saying that Griffey told him "If they don’t want you to sing all the time, you should be doing your own thing". In a statement released after Griffey's death, producer Quincy Jones said Griffey's "fingerprints were on some of the biggest hits of the '80s". Stevie Wonder, one of the artists that Griffey promoted, said that "Professionally, I could not talk about my life without there being a chapter on how Dick Griffey, as a promoter, helped to build my career".
In the early 1990s, Griffey had a hand in launching the rap label Death Row Records, which was co-founded by ex-N.W.A star Andre "Dr. Dre" Young and one-time bodyguard Marion "Suge" Knight. It was Griffey's SOLAR studios in which portions of Dr. Dre's seminal album, The Chronic, was recorded. However, in July 1997, Griffey along with one-time N.W.A associate and rapper Tracy "The D.O.C." Curry sued Death Row claiming they were "pushed out" of their share in ownership and profits from the record label by Knight and Young.
Griffey died at the age of 71 on September 24, 2010, at a rehabilitation center in Canoga Park, Los Angeles, where he had been recuperating after undergoing quadruple coronary artery bypass surgery. Griffey is survived by his second wife, musician Carrie Lucas, as well as by two daughters, two sons and five grandchildren. His daughter Carolyn Griffey joined Shalamar in 2005 and performs as a member currently.
- Jon Gibson | SoulTracks - Soul Music Biographies, News and Reviews
- Hevesi, Dennis. "Dick Griffey, Founder of Solar Records, Is Dead at 71", The New York Times, October 4, 2010. Accessed October 5, 2010.
- Nelson, Valeris J. "Richard Griffey dies at 71; founder of R&B record label SolarThe L.A.-based label, once touted as 'the Motown of the '80s,' was established in the 1970s as an outgrowth of the TV variety show 'Soul Train.' The label put out some of the biggest hits of the 1980s.", Los Angeles Times, September 29, 2010. Accessed October 5, 2010.
- Holden, Stephen. "Solar Could Be the Motown of the 80's", The New York Times, March 23, 1980. Accessed October 5, 2010.
- Williams, Linda. "Dick Griffey Puts New Energy Into Black Music: Solar Power", Los Angeles Times, July 18, 1988. Accessed October 5, 2010.
- Kennedy, Gerick D. "Babyface looks back on Solar Records founder Richard Griffey's 'fantastic voyage'", Los Angeles Times, September 29, 2010. Accessed October 5, 2010.
- "Jailed Death Row Records Founder Ordered to Turn Over Documents", Los Angeles Times, July 3, 1997. Accessed October 6, 2010.
- http://www.soulmusic.com/shgr20soin.html, Shalamar Reunion with Carolyn Griffey
- http://shalamar.org/20050624cg.htm, Carolyn Griffey Becomes Newest Shalamar member