Dick Marty

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Dick Marty, 2007

Dick Marty (born 7 January 1945 in Sorengo) is a Swiss politician (FDP.The Liberals) and former state prosecutor of the canton of Ticino. He is a member of the Swiss Council of States (since 1995), and is a former member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

Education[edit]

Marty holds a doctorate in law from the University of Neuchâtel. His thesis was entitled, The Role and the Power of the Swiss Judge in the Application of Penal Sanctions (French: Le Rôle et les pouvoirs du juge suisse dans l'application des sanctions pénales).

Professional career[edit]

Max Planck Institute[edit]

From 1972 to 1975, Marty worked at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freiburg, Germany, responsible for the section on Swiss law.

State prosecutor[edit]

In 1975, Marty was nominated state prosecutor of Ticino, in which post he was specially noted for his energetic activities fighting organized crime and drug abuse. For his achievements in the area of drug legislation, he received in 1987 an Award of Honor of the United States Department of Justice and a special award of honor by the International Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association. In 1989 he was elected a member of the cantonal executive in Ticino, where he was director of the finance department, and in 1992 additionally held the office of president, which rotates among the members. In 1995, upon being elected to the Swiss Council of States for Ticino, he resigned from his executive post and has since worked part-time as a legal and economic consultant.

In the Council of States he has been member of key commissions, including the Finance Commission and Economy and Taxes Commission, and took an active part in getting the new Swiss constitution through parliament.

Council of Europe[edit]

Since 1998 he has been a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, where he is a member of the Monitoring Committee. He is also second vice-chairperson of the Political Affairs Committee, with further positions in several subcommittees.

Marty acted as Special Rapporteur for the Assembly's Social, Health and Family Affairs Committee on the topic of euthanasia. His report and draft resolution, published in September 2003, called on Council of Europe members to collect empirical data on assisted dying, to promote debate and analysis of the evidence, and to consider whether legislation should be brought forward to exempt doctors from prosecution for assisting suicide under certain strict conditions.[1] His stance proved controversial and the report was criticised by a number of organisations, such as the World Federation of Catholic Medical Associations[2] and the Scottish Council on Human Bioethics.[3] John Keown, a professor of Christian ethics at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, described it as "Mr Marty's muddle" and criticized him for "superficiality" and "selectivity."[4]

The Committee subsequently adopted a formal Opinion prepared by Kevin McNamara, which criticised several of Marty's findings and conclusions and sought to replace the call for governments to consider legislation to legalise assisted dying with a resolution to "eport back to the Parliamentary Assembly for further consideration".[5] McNamara's amendments were criticised in turn by organisations such as the World Federation of Right to Die Societies.[6] Keown's criticism of Marty's report was criticised by Guy Widdershoven of Maastricht University.[7]

Marty's report, while amended, was rejected by 138 votes to 26. Marty said he hoped the issue would come before the Assembly in the future.[8]

In 2005, Marty was appointed to lead an investigation by the Council of Europe into alleged illegal CIA secret prisons in Europe. Marty is planning to use satellite images and aviation logs, among many other sources of information, to find out whether the "rendition" of terror suspects for possible torture, or illegal secret detentions, have taken place in any of the Council of Europe's 47 member states. These activities could be a violation of European human rights standards. In June 2006 Marty released his report on behalf of the Council, concluding that evidence showed that 14 European states had assisted in the perpetration of such abuses.[9][10]

Marty published the second part of this work on 8 June 2007, named Secret Detentions and Illegal Transfers of Detainees Involving Council of Europe Member States: Second Report.[11]

Organ theft in Kosovo[edit]

Main article: Organ theft in Kosovo

On 14 December 2010, Marty passed a report for adoption to the Council of Europe alleging inhuman treatment of people and killing of prisoners with the purpose of removal and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo, involving Hashim Thaçi, the Kosovo prime minister and former Kosovo Liberation Army political leader.[12]

Kosovo's leading politicians reacted strongly to Marty's report. Kosovo's acting president, Jakup Krasniqi, called the report "racist towards Albanians".[13] Prime Minister Thaçi accused Marty of being "an opponent of Kosovo's independence" and called the report "politically motivated", "not based on facts", with the "goal to damage the newly-created state of Kosovo, Kosovo’s image, to question the election process, creation of institutions and Kosovo’s European future".[14] As reported by several international,[15] Serbian,[16] Kosovan[17] and Albanian[18] news agencies, in an interview for Albanian TV Klan on 24 December 2010, Thaçi threatened to publish a list of Albanians who collaborated in providing information to Dick Marty for this report.

Other[edit]

Besides his political work, since 1996 Marty has been president of Tourism Switzerland. In addition, he serves as president of the Swiss Scoutism Foundation.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Social, Family and Health Affairs Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (10 September 2003). "Doc. 9898, Euthanasia, Rapporteur: Mr Dick Marty, Switzerland, LDR". Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Vote on Euthanasia at the Council of Europe, Statement for Press Release". Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Briefing to UK Parliamentary Assembly Members of the Council of Europe, Mr Dick Marty's Proposals (Doc. 9898) for the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe - 27 April 2004". Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  4. ^ J Keown (22 February 2005). "Mr Marty's Muddle:a superficial and selective case for euthanasia in Europe". Journal of Medical Ethics. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Institute of Medical Ethics. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Committee on Legal Affairs & Human Rights of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (23 September 2003). "Doc. 9923, Euthanasia: Opinion, Rapporteur: Mr Kevin McNamara, United Kingdom, Socialist Group". Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "The Report on Euthanasia". Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  7. ^ Guy Widdershoven (7 September 2005). "Commentary: Euthanasia in Europe: a critique of the Marty report". BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Institute of Medical Ethics. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Council of Europe rejects Euthanasia: Vatican praises move". Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Geoff Meade (Wednesday 7 June 2006) "Britain Named for Colluding in US Rendition Flights", originally published by The Independent
  10. ^ Dick Marty (12 June 2006) "Alleged secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states", Council of Europe
  11. ^ Dick Marty, (8 June 2007), Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states: second report, Council of Europe
  12. ^ Dick Marty, Inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo, Council of Europe
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "Interview with Thaci in Kosovar daily 'Gazeta Express'", Gazeta Express
  15. ^ Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in West Balkan languages: "Tači će objaviti spisak Albanaca koji su pomagali Martiju" (Thaci will publish the list of Albanians who were helping Marty)
  16. ^ B92 in English: "Thaci to release names of Marty’s helpers"
  17. ^ Kosova Info: "Thaçi ka dosje të bashkëpunëtorëve të Martyt" (Thaci has record of Marty's collaborators)
  18. ^ Info Albania: Thaci ka dosje te bashkepunetoreve te Martyt (Thaci has record of Marty's collaborators)

External links[edit]