Dick Smith (entrepreneur)
|Born||Richard Harold Smith
18 March 1944
Roseville, New South Wales
|Education||North Sydney Technical High School|
|Known for||Entrepreneur, businessman, aviator, philanthropist, political activist.|
|Title||Officer of the Order of Australia|
Dick Smith, AO (born Richard Harold Smith; 18 March 1944) is an Australian entrepreneur, businessman, aviator, and political activist. He is the founder of Dick Smith Electronics, Dick Smith Foods and Australian Geographic, and was selected as the 1986 Australian of the Year.
In 1968, Dick Smith founded electronics retailer Dick Smith Electronics as a small car radio installation business in the Sydney suburb of Artarmon, New South Wales. In 1982, he sold the business to Woolworths for $20 million, and the business still retains his name in the business title.
Dick Smith Electronics entered Asia in 1978 with a store in Hong Kong's tourist shopping hub, Tsim Sha Tsui, and the United States with stores in Northern California and Los Angeles, but these were closed in 1980 and the late 1980s, respectively. It has since expanded to employ over 2,000 people. It has co-sponsored AFL club the Richmond Tigers since 2008.
On 31 January 2012 Woolworths Limited announced that after the results of a strategic review it would close up to 100 Dick Smith stores and sell the business.
On 27 September 2012 Woolworths announced that the private equity firm Anchorage Capital Partners would purchase Dick Smith Electronics for $20M  with the transition between Woolworths and Anchorage being finalised on 27 November 2012. It was later reported that this was only part payment with Anchorage Capital Partners paying a further $74 million to Woolworths making the total payment $94 Million. 
Smith founded Dick Smith Foods in 1999, marketed as a crusade against foreign ownership of Australian food producers, particularly Arnott's Biscuits, which in 1997 became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Campbell Soup Company. Dick Smith Foods only sells foods produced in Australia by Australian-owned companies.
Dick Smith Foods' products are often named to parody the items they compete with – for example, in competition with Redheads matches, Smith sells near-identically packaged matches called "Dickheads" with the text on the rear stating "We would have to be complete dickheads to let most of our famous Australian brands be taken over by foreign companies. Brands such as Vegemite, Aeroplane Jelly, Arnott's, Speedo and Redhead Matches are in overseas hands. This means the profit and wealth created goes overseas and robs our children and grandchildren of a future". A chocolate biscuit called "Temptin'" competed directly with the established favourite Arnott's Tim Tam. In 2003 Arnott's took legal action against Dick Smith Foods, resulting in an out-of-court settlement that required the "p" in the Temptin' logo to be increased in size.
In 1983 Smith published the book "The Earth Beneath Me" which described his solo helicopter flight around the world. Two documentaries were also filmed during the flight, and a third one soon after. In 1986, Smith founded the magazine Australian Geographic, a National Geographic-style magazine focusing on Australia. Smith did not want to greatly expand Australian Geographic, but his friend and CEO Ike Bain convinced him to change his mind and soon it was a successful business.
Aviation and adventures
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|This section requires expansion with: more examples of his many notable flights and expeditions. (September 2007)|
In 1964, Smith sailed with a group of Rover Scouts to Balls Pyramid in the Pacific Ocean – the highest sea spire in the world. He and the group failed to climb the Pyramid; however in 1979 Smith returned, climbed to the top, and formally claimed the land for Australia by unfurling a flag.
Smith learned to fly in 1972, graduating to a twin engine Beech Baron. In 1976 he competed in the Perth to Sydney air race. At the age of 34 he purchased his first helicopter, a Bell Jetranger II. With it he made a record-setting flight from Sydney to Lord Howe Island and return, 1,185 km. The helicopter opened new opportunities for exploring places otherwise inaccessible. In 1978 he found the wreck of the Kookaburra aircraft, which crash-landed in the Central Australian Desert in 1929.
In 1982-83 Smith successfully completed the first solo helicopter flight around the world. His flight began in Fort Worth, Texas, on 5 August 1982, in a newly purchased Bell Jetranger 206B. On 19 August, the 50th anniversary of James Mollison's solo crossing of the Atlantic, he arrived at Balmoral Castle, United Kingdom where he met Prince Charles. From there he flew to London, where, later that day, the first stage of his flight ended, after 11,752 km. The second stage of his flight started in London on 13 September, and finished in Sydney, Australia, 3 October 1982, 23,092 km later. On 25 May 1983 the final stage of the flight started. Not being granted permission to land in USSR, he arranged to land on a ship to refuel. His journey ended on 22 July 1983, the 50th anniversary of Wiley Post's solo aeroplane flight around the world on 22 July 1933.
Smith's first attempt to reach the North Pole, in 1986, failed. He had to give up just 670 kilometres short of his destination because his navigation equipment was beginning to fail and visibility had dropped to almost zero. Smith made two more attempts to reach the North Pole in his JetRanger Helicopter. The third attempt, in April 1987, was successful, but required that he refuel in parts of the Arctic Circle where fuel was not available. He had the fuel delivered in a DHC-6 Twin Otter.
In 1992 Dick and Pip Smith circled the summit of Mount Everest and took photographs. In Australian Geographic (January–March 1993) Dick wrote: 'The experience was unbelievable and I felt privileged to be one of the very few people to obtain permission from the Nepalese government to fly over the summit."
In 1992 Smith made another helicopter flight around the world, this time with his wife Pip. He bought a twin-engine Sikorsky S-76 helicopter. At their journey's end Dick and Pip had flown more than 39,607 nautical miles (73,352 kilometres) and they had taken more than 10,700 photographs. These are a valuable record of what our planet looks like in the last decade of the 20th century. He said, "I hope that many of the areas will be photographed again in 10 years time from exactly the same position".
Smith has been a vocal advocate for the civil aviation industry in Australia, having been appointed by Prime Minister Bob Hawke to be Chairman of the Board of the Civil Aviation Authority from February 1990 to February 1992. He also served as Deputy-Chairman and Chairman of the Board of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority from 1997 until his resignation in 1999.
Smith was Chairman of the Council for the Centenary of Federation from December 1996 to February 2000. He was appointed to this position by the then Prime Minister, John Howard.
In February 2000, Smith and his co-pilot John Wallington became the first people to successfully complete an east-west crossing of the Tasman Sea by balloon, from New Zealand to Australia against generally-prevailing winds.
On 7 January 2006, Smith flew his Cessna Grand Caravan from Sydney to Hari Hari on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island to mark the 75th anniversary of the first solo trans-Tasman flight by Guy Menzies in 1931.
On Tuesday 26 August 2008 Smith, with his wife Pip, completed a two and a half year drive around the world. The journey of 40,361 kilometres was made by road vehicle.
Smith has also attempted a number of well-publicised practical jokes, including the "attempt" to tow an iceberg from Antarctica to Australia to obtain more fresh water in 1978. In the early 1980s Dick Smith served as the conductor aboard a London double decker bus which jumped 15 motorcycles. The bus, driven by Hans Tholstrup, was a humorous poke at Evel Knievel who had visited Australia in 1979 and jumped his motorcycle over buses. Dick Smith's presence on the bus was a last minute decision by himself.
- First Trans-Tasman Balloon flight - 2000
- Founded Dick Smith Foods - 1999
- Chairman of the National Centenary of Federation Council - 1996-2000
- Appointed as Ambassador for the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation - 1998
- Chairman of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority Board - 1997-1999 & 1990-1992
- First non-stop balloon crossing of the Australian continent - 1993
- Founded Australian Geographic in 1986 and returned the Australian Encyclopaedia to Australian ownership in 1987, sold to Australian-owned John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd - 1995. Now privately owned following management buy-out in 1998
- First person to fly around the world via the poles in 1989 and made the first helicopter flight to the North Pole in 1987. Australian of the Year for 1986
- First solo helicopter flight around the world - 1983
- Founded Dick Smith Electronics 1968 (which was sold to Aussie-owned Woolworths in 1982)
Awards and honours
Smith was awarded Australian of the Year in 1986. At Smith's Australian of the Year Presentation he suggested that publisher Rupert Murdoch might like to take a year off, come back to Australia and share some of his expertise by heading the Treasury or the Reserve Bank.
|“||I began as a Cub at eight and went right through to Rovers at age 23. I was very much a loner and Scouting gave me mateship, taught me organisation and how to motivate people. That's why I was able to be the success I am.||”|
In 1992 Smith received the United States' Lindbergh award. The Award, "is given annually to individuals whose work over many years has made significant contributions toward the Lindbergh's concept of balancing technology and nature."
In 2010, Smith was the Patron for the 100th Anniversary of the Wireless Institute of Australia, including being the major speaker at the annual general meeting in Canberra on 27 May 2010. The next day, he hosted AGM attendees at his country property near Gundaroo, New South Wales.
In December 2011, Smith was appointed as a Consulting Professor in the Department of Biology, School of Humanities and Sciences of Stanford University California by Dean, Richard P.Saller. This was made in recognition of his many years of work in relation to environmental issues including his 2011 book, Dick Smith's Population Crisis.
In May 2013, Smith was commemorated in the species' name of the newly described fossil koala relative Litokoala dicksmithi. The paper's editor Karen Black honoured him as
|“||Australian aviator, adventurer and philanthropist for his long-term financial support of Australian scientific endeavour and in particular fossil research at Riversleigh.||”|
Involvement in public affairs
In 2005, Dick Smith gave public support to the asylum seeker Peter Qasim. Qasim was released later in 2005 by the Australian Government after seven years in detention. This support included the offer to visit India seeking evidence of Qasim's claims.
Smith is a founder and a patron of the Australian Skeptics. In July 1980, Smith collaborated with renowned skeptic James Randi to test water divining, offering a prize of $40,000 for a successful demonstration.
In June 2008, he offered a $50,000 award for investigative journalism into the Government purchase of Super Seasprite helicopters, after the contract was cancelled at a cost of A$1.1 billion.
In response to a large increase in pertussis cases during a 2008/09 outbreak, Smith funded a national ad in The Australian encouraging parents to "Get The Facts" and derided the Australian Vaccination Network as an anti-vaccination organisation.
In February 2012 Smith expressed himself skeptical of the purported Energy Catalyzer Cold fusion device. On 14 February, he offered the inventor Andrea Rossi one million US Dollars if he were to repeat the demonstration of 29 March of the year before, this time allowing particular care to be given to a check of the electric wiring of the device, and to the power output. The offer was declined by Rossi before the lapse of 20 February acceptance deadline that had been set by Smith.
Smith has subsequently offered one million US dollars "to any person or organisation that can come up with a practical device that has an output of at least one kilowatt of useful energy through LENRs (low energy nuclear reactions)." The offer remained open until January 2013.
Smith donated A$60,000 in February 2007 towards a campaign to secure a fair trial for then Australian terrorism suspect David Hicks who had been held in a U.S. military prison in Cuba's Guantanamo Bay for five years. Smith said he wanted Hicks to get "a fair trial, a fair go". Fresh charges, including attempted murder, had been filed against Hicks earlier that month. Hicks pleaded guilty to a lesser charge in March 2007 as part of a plea bargain, and was released from custody in December 2007.
Smith financially assisted Australian Greens leader Senator Bob Brown after he was left with a $240,000 anti-logging court bill after losing a case he brought against Forestry Tasmania. A failure to pay would have resulted in Brown having to declare bankruptcy, and therefore lose his seat in the Senate.
Population policy activism
In August 2010 Smith announced he would be devoting himself to questions of global population, overpopulation, and alternatives to an endless economic growth economy. He produced and appeared in the feature length documentary Dick Smith's Population Puzzle broadcast by public network the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, questioning the desirability of Australia's rapid population growth. In the documentary, Smith calls the campaign the most important thing he has ever done in his life.
- Smith, Dick (30 May 2011), "The idiocy of endless growth", The Age (Melbourne), retrieved 6 March 2011
- "Talking Heads". 5 July 2007. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.abc.net.au/tv/talkingheads/. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- "Woolworths to sell Dick Smith Electronics"
- "Dick Smith Foods - Mission Statement". About Us. Dick Smith Foods. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- Patrick Barkham. Aussie icons under siege, guardian.co.uk, Monday 26 February 2001.
- "Battle of the Biscuits: Dick Smith Foods & Arnotts declare a truce". Media Releases. Dick Smith Foods. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- Glines, Carroll V., Round-the-world flights, Potomac Books, Incorporated, 2003 ISBN 9-781-574-88448-7, p. 316
- Smith, Dick. The Earth Beneath Me, Angus & Robertson Publishers (1983). ISBN 0-207-14630-6, pp.1-3
- Powerhouse Museum. "Bell 206B Jetranger III helicopter flown by Dick Smith, 1982. Statement of significance". Powerhouse Museum. Retrieved 8 June 2014. "The Bell Jetranger III helicopter, Dick Smith Australian Explorer, was flown by Australian businessman and adventurer Dick Smith on the first solo circumnavigation of the world in a rotary wing aircraft in 1982/3."
- Smith, Dick. The Earth Beneath Me, Angus & Robertson Publishers (1983). ISBN 0-207-14630-6
- Robert Gott. Makers & Shakers, Heinemann Library, 1998. p. 38 ISBN 1-86391-878-7
- Robert Gott (1998). "10: Further adventures" ( PDF). Makers & Shakers. Heinemann Library. pp. 38–41. ISBN 1-86391-878-7. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- Bruce, David (22 October 1991). "Dick Smith Over The Top". The Age. Retrieved 15 February 2012. "Note:As posted on balloonflight.com.au"
- Robert Gott. Makers & Shakers, Heinemann Library, 1998. p. 46 ISBN 1-86391-878-7
- "Speaker Dick Smith Full Biography". Inform Communicate Motivate International (Australia). Archived from the original on 2 September 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- Madgwick, Paul (1 August 2006). "Dick Smith recreates first solo trans-Tasman flight". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
- Dick and Pip Smith (26 August 2008). "Stage 9 - Tuesday 26 August 2008 - Day 107". Diary. Dick and Pip Smiths Overland Adventures. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "The Sydney Iceberg". museumofhoaxes.com. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Evel Knievel". Stevemandich.com. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 30 February 2011.
- "The Flying Omnibus". Motorcycle Gallery. Dropbears. 25 March 2006. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- "Front Seat of the Race Bus". Millennium Ride. 11 November 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- "Dick Smith's BIO" http://www.dicksmithfoods.com.au/dick-smiths-bio 2013-16-1
- "SMITH, Richard Harold (Dick)", Officer of the Order of Australia. It's an Honour (www.itsanhonour.gov.au). "For service to the Community, particularly as a benefactor to charitable organisations, to business and commerce, and to the aviation industry"
- "National Australia Day Council - Australian of the Year Award". Award Recipients, Australian of the Year. National Australia Day Council. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- Lewis, Wendy (2010). Australians of The Year 1960 - 2010. Pier 9 Press. ISBN 978-1-74196-809-5.
- 1960-2010 Australians of the Year, Murdoch Books Australia, ISBN 978-1-74196-809-5
- "Dick Smith". Famous Scouts. Scouts Australia. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- "VK2DIK". QRZ.COM. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- "Lindbergh Award, Dick Smith (1992)". Lindbergh Foundation (www.lindberghfoundation.org)
- "Australian Living Treasure". Award Recipients. National Trust of Australia (NSW). Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "Dick Smith, Australian, Electronics, Retail & Aviation Magnate". AussieTycoon. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "AG Society Adventure Awards". Australian Geographic. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "The WIA Centenary Patron". Jim Linton VK3PC, 2 June 2010, Retrieved 3 June 2010
- "Smith becomes Rear Admiral of Lake Eyre Yacht Club", Adelaide Now, 1 July 2010. "The clubhouse sits in the small town of Marree, 685km north of Adelaide, on the edge of the desert in SA. Its members can only sail on the very rare occasion when floodwaters from other states turn the salt beds into vast inland lakes."
- "Consulting Professor in the Center for Conservation Biology". Stanford University. Retrieved 4 February 2011
- "Dick Smith's Population Crisis: The dangers of unsustainable growth for Australia" (paperback). Allen and Unwin. June 2011. ISBN 9-781-742-37657-8. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Black, Karen H.; Julien Louys; Gilbert J. Price (May 14, 2013). "Understanding morphological variation in the extant koala as a framework for identification of species boundaries in extinct koalas (Phascolarctidae; Marsupialia)". Journal of Systematic Paleontology (London: Taylor & Francis): 1–28. doi:10.1080/14772019.2013.768304. ISSN 1478-0941.
- "Dick Smith flies to Baxter detainee's aid". ABC News Online. 1 March 2005. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
- "After 7 years, detainee wants job". The Australian.[dead link]
- Smith, Dick, Brennan ransom came from Aussies, retrieved 6 March 2011
- James Randi. "Australian Skeptics Divining Test". Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "Pertussis in Australia". Center for Disease Control. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
- Hall, Louise (16 August 2009), "Vaccine fear campaign investigated", The Sydney Morning Herald, retrieved 16 August 2009
- E-Cat Proof Challenge: $1,000,000 is a "Clownerie"? (Updated), Forbes, February 2012, downloaded 19 February 2012
- Fax copy of the letter (downloaded 19 February 2012)
- US $1 Million Reward for First Successful One Kilowatt or More LENR Demonstration, Retrieved 3 July 2012
- "Dick Smith donates $60,000 to free Hicks". NineMSN. 18 February 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
- Alexander Downer and Philip Ruddock (3 February 2007). "Joint Media Release - Minister for Foreign Affairs and Attorney General: David Hicks: charges outlined". Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and Australian Government Attorney-General's Department. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
- Scott Horton (2 April 2007). "The Plea Bargain of David Hicks". Harper's Magazine (The Harper's Magazine Foundation). Retrieved 21 April 2009.
- Rory Callinan (29 December 2007). "Aussie Taliban Goes Free". Time Magazine (Time Inc). Retrieved 21 April 2009.
- Peter Wels (10 June 2009). "I took advice on court costs, says Bob Brown". The Examiner (Tasmania). Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- "Dick Smith to bail Brown out". ABC News. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- Simon Nasht (12 August 2010). "Dick Smith's Population Puzzle". Australia: ABC1 (ABC.net.au). Retrieved 8 June 2014. (Download Transcript-PDF-511Kb)
- Guy Pearse (June 2011). "Dick Smith’s Population Crisis". The Monthly.
- Isabel Hayes (11 August 2010). "Dick Smith offers $1m for person who reduces population with Wilberforce Award". News.com.au. AAP. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- Monica Attard (2005-07-17). "Sunday Profile interview with Dick Smith". Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
- Davis, Pedr. Kookaburra: the most compelling story in Australia's aviation history, Lansdowne books, Dee Why, 1980, ISBN 0-7018-1357-1
- Smith, Dick. The Earth Beneath Me : Dick Smith's epic journey across the world, Angus & Robertson London 1983, ISBN 0-207-14630-6
- Smith, Dick. Our Fantastic Planet : circling the globe via the poles with Dick Smith, Terry Hills N.S.W. Australian Geographic, 1991, ISBN 1-86276-007-1
- Smith, Dick. Solo Around The World, Australian Geographic, Terrey Hills, 1992, ISBN 1-86276-008-X
- Gott, Robert. Makers and Shakers, Reed Educational & Professional Publishing, Melbourne, 1998, ISBN 1-86391-878-7
- Smith, Dick and Pip. Above The World: a pictorial circumnavigation, Australian Geographic, Terrey Hills, 1996, ISBN 1862760179
- Bain, Ike. The Dick Smith Way, McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 2002, ISBN 0-07-471160-1
- Smith, Dick. Dick Smith's Population Crisis: The dangers of unsustainable growth of Australia, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2011 ISBN 978-1-74237-657-8