Dick Tracy (serial)

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Dick Tracy
DickTracy (movie poster).jpg
Directed by Alan James
Ray Taylor
Produced by Nat Levine
J. Laurence Wickland (Associate)
Written by Morgan B. Cox
George Morgan
Barry Shipman
Winston Miller
Chester Gould (comic strip)
Starring Ralph Byrd
Kay Hughes
Smiley Burnette
Lee Van Atta
John Picorri
Robert E. Marcato
Carleton Young
Fred Hamilton
Music by Harry Grey
Cinematography William Nobles
Edgar Lyons
Edited by Helene Turner
Edward Todd
William Witney
Distributed by Republic Pictures
Release date(s) USA 20 February 1937 (serial)[1]
USA 27 December 1937 (feature)[1]
Running time 15 chapters / 290 minutes (serial)[1]
73 minutes (feature)[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $112,334 (negative cost: $127,640)[1]

Dick Tracy (1937) is a 15-Chapter Republic movie serial starring Ralph Byrd based on the Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould. It was directed by Alan James and Ray Taylor.

Synopsis[edit]

Dick Tracy's foe for this serial is the crime boss and Masked Mystery Villain The Spider/The Lame One (both names are used) and his Spider Ring. In the process of various crimes, including using his Flying wing and sound weapon to destroy the Bay Bridge in San Francisco and stealing an experimental "Speed Plane", the Spider captures Dick Tracy's brother, Gordon. The Spider's minion, Dr. Moloch, performs a brain operation on Gordon Tracy to turn him evil, making him secretly part of the Spider Ring and so turning brother against brother.

Cast[edit]

Starring Cast[edit]

The above cast members appear in the opening credits in "cameo" display - sequential pictures of each actor with his/her name (and sometimes character name) superimposed at the bottom of the screen - for the first episode, followed by a listing of supporting players. Subsequent chapters simply listed the stars on one screen and the same supporting cast a second. This approach to cast display was used by Republic from its first serial through Haunted Harbor in 1944. Universal serials presented a similar approach to cast display until 1940, only in their case, the star-cameos appeared with the first 3-4 episodes, and subsequent episodes listed these names usually followed, on a scrolling cast list, by part, but not often all, of the supporting players who had been named on the episodes with the cameos. Occasionally, a new player or two might be added. Columbia only a few times adopted this approach to displaying the cast of its serials. Republic, Universal, Warner Bros. Pictures, and some independents also used star "cameos" in numbers of their b-pictures during the 1930s.

Supporting Cast[edit]

The above cast members appear in the opening credits as simply a list of the actor's names.

Production[edit]

Dick Tracy was budgeted at $112,334 although the final negative cost was $127,640 (a $15,306, or 13.6%, overspend). It was the most expensive Republic serial until S O S Coast Guard was released later in the year.[1]

It was filmed between 30 November and 24 December 1936 under the working titles Adventures of Dick Tracy and The Spider Ring.[1] The serial's production number was 420.[1]

In this serial, Dick Tracy is a G-Man (FBI) in San Francisco rather than a Midwestern city police detective as in the comic strip. Most of the Dick Tracy supporting cast and rogues gallery were also dropped and new, original characters used instead. Dick Tracy creator Chester Gould approved the script despite these changes.

There were three sequels to this serial. They were all permitted by an interpretation of the original contract, which allowed a "series or serial". That meant that, Dick Tracy creator, Chester Gould was only paid for the rights to produce this serial but not for any of the sequels.[2]

Stunts[edit]

  • George DeNormand as Dick Tracy (doubling Ralph Byrd)
  • Loren Riebe (doubling Jack Gardner)

Special Effects[edit]

Release[edit]

Theatrical[edit]

Dick Tracy's official release date is 20 February 1937, although this is actually the date the seventh chapter was made available to film exchanges.[1]

A 73-minute feature film version, created by editing the serial footage together, was released on 27 December 1937.[1]

Critical reception[edit]

Cline states that the Dick Tracy serials were "unexcelled in the action field," adding that "in any listing of serials released after 1930, the four Dick Tracy adventures from Republic must stand out as classics of the suspense detective thrillers, and the models for many others to follow."[3] He goes on to write that Ralph Byrd "played the part [of Dick Tracy] to the hilt, giving his portrayal such unbridled, exuberant enthusiasm that the resulting excitement was contagious." Byrd become identified with the character following the release of this serial.[4] The final chapter reunion between Dick and Gordon Tracy, as Gordon lies dying and his memory returns, is "one of the few moments of real emotional drama ever attempted in serials". This added to the human quality of Dick Tracy, which was present in both this serial and Chester Gould's original strip.[3]

Chapter titles[edit]

  1. The Spider Strikes (29 min 31s)
  2. The Bridge of Terror (19 min 11s)
  3. The Fur Pirates (20 min 25s)
  4. Death Rides the Sky (20 min 49s)
  5. Brother Against Brother (19 min 14s)
  6. Dangerous Waters (16 min 52s)
  7. The Ghost Town Mystery (20 min 11s)
  8. Battle in the Clouds (18 min 40s)
  9. The Stratosphere Adventure (18 min 00s)
  10. The Gold Ship (18 min 28s)
  11. Harbor Pursuit (16 min 35s)
  12. The Trail of the Spider (17 min 39s) -- Re-Cap Chapter
  13. The Fire Trap (16 min 45s)
  14. The Devil in White (20 min 35s)
  15. Brothers United (16 min 59s)

Source:[1][5]

Dick Tracy was the only 15-chapter serial released by Republic in 1937.[1]

Cliffhangers[edit]

  1. The Spider Strikes: The Bay Bridge, under attack from the Spider's sonic weapon, begins to collapse on top of Dick Tracy.
  2. The Bridge of Terror: Dick Tracy's plane is damaged by gunfire and crashes into a rail bridge.
  3. The Fur Pirates: Chasing his brother and the Spider Ring by motorboat, Dick Tracy is crushed between two moored ships moving closer together.
  4. Death Rides the Sky: Dick Tracy transfers to an unmanned, remote plane to save Junior but it is shot down by the Spider Ring.
  5. Brother Against Brother: In a roof-top chase, Gordon shoots his brother Dick, sending him into a multi-storey fall.
  6. Dangerous Waters: Dick Tracy's leg is caught in submarine's mooring line, pulling him under the waves.
  7. The Ghost Town Mystery: Dick Tracy falls into a pit in a mine tunnel. Spider Ring thugs take aim.
  8. Battle in the Clouds: Gordon shoots down his brother's plane.
  9. The Stratosphere Adventure: Dick Tracy is knocked unconscious aboard a burning, crashing Zeppelin.
  10. The Gold Ship: A steel plate from a ship's hull falls on top of Dick Tracy.
  11. Harbour Pursuit: Dick Tracy's motorboat has its control s shot out by thugs, crashing into an oncoming ship.
  12. The Trail of the Spider: The lights go out, the Spider mark shines on Dick Tracy's forehead, several shots are fired.
  13. The Fire Trap: Dick Tracy falls while escaping a burning ship.
  14. The Devil in White: Dick Tracy is strapped to an operating table to undergo the same brain operation as his brother Gordon.

References in other films[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Mathis, Jack (1995). Valley of the Cliffhangers Supplement. Jack Mathis Advertising. pp. 3, 10, 20–21. ISBN 0-9632878-1-8. 
  2. ^ Dick Tracy article at Images Journal, last checked 19/03/07
  3. ^ a b Cline, William C. (1984). "2. In Search of Ammunition". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 20. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X. 
  4. ^ Cline, William C. (1984). "5. A Cheer for the Champions (The Heroes and Heroines)". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 80. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X. 
  5. ^ Cline, William C. (1984). "Filmography". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 218. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X. 
  6. ^ Cline, William C. (1984). "3. The Six Faces of Adventure". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 52. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X. 

External links[edit]

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