Temporal range: Triassic
Dicroidium is an extinct genus of fork-leaved seed ferns that were distributed over Gondwana during the Triassic ( ). Their fossils are known from South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, South America and Antarctica. They were first discovered in Triassic sediments of Tasmania by Morris in 1845.
The leaves were essentially like those of modern ferns however they were forked; giving the appearance of two fern leaves joined at the base. It seems that they were deciduous trees. These plants had male and female reproductive structures. Before awareness that they belonged to the same species, male pollen-bearing specimens were named Pteruchus and the female structures Umkomasia.
- Dicroidium crassinervis
- Dicroidium coriaceum, South Africa
- Dicroidium dubium
- Dicroidium elongatum, Australia
- Dicroidium odontopteroides
- Dicroidium spinifolium
- Dicroidium stelznerianum, Argentina, New Zealand
- Dicroidium zuberi, Antarctica, Australia and South Africa.
- Dicroidium sp. A.
- Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, March 1985
- Bomfleur, B. and Kerp, H. (2010). Dicroidium diversity in the Upper Triassic of north Victoria Land, East Antarctica.
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