Diederik cuckoo

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Diederik cuckoo
Chrysococcyx caprius, a, Johann Grobbelaar.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae
Genus: Chrysococcyx
Species: C. caprius
Binomial name
Chrysococcyx caprius
Boddaert, 1783

The Diederik cuckoo[2] (Chrysococcyx caprius), formerly Dideric cuckoo or Didric cuckoo, and sometimes called Diederik's cuckoo, is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes, which also includes the roadrunners, the anis, and the hoatzin.

Description[edit]

At Lake Mburo, Uganda

The Diederik cuckoo is a smallish cuckoo at 18 to 20 cm. Adult males are glossy green above with copper-sheened areas on the back and whitish underparts. They have a broken white eye-stripe and a short, green malar stripe. All remiges have three to four white spots on the inner vanes. The four green outer tail feathers are tipped white, and the outermost pair are spotted white on both vanes.

Females show more copper above, and have coppery barring on the flanks. The underparts are often washed brownish.

Juveniles have a red bill, streaky throat and a white wing-bar. They are more copper-coloured above and browner below than the females, and the flank markings are brown blotches.

Behaviour[edit]

Breeding[edit]

The Diederik cuckoo is a brood parasite. It lays a single egg mostly in the nests of weavers, especially the village weaver and the bishops in the genus Euplectes. For example, it has been recorded in red-collared widowbirds.

Feeding[edit]

The Diederik cuckoo takes a variety of insects and caterpillars. It is a noisy species, with the persistent and loud deed-deed-deed-deed-er-ick call from which it gets its name. Usually four clear, roughly identical, notes followed by a little twitter.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is a common resident breeder in sub-Saharan Africa which has been recorded as far north as Cyprus (1982). It is a short-distance seasonal migrant, moving with the rains. It is a solitary bird, found in open woodland, savanna and riverside bushes.

Etymology[edit]

The genus name Chrysococcyx is Greek for gold cuckoo (χρυσός, κούκος)[3] The specific name caprius is thought to be a misprint for either cuprea (coppery) or capensis (of Cape of Good Hope).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Chrysococcyx caprius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ ENGLISH NAME UPDATES – IOC Version 2.9 (July 10, 2011), IOC World Bird List
  3. ^ a b Jobling, James A (1991). A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. OUP. ISBN 0 19 854634 3. 

External links[edit]