Didwana

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Didwana
Inderpura
Didwana is located in Rajasthan
Didwana
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°24′N 74°34′E / 27.4°N 74.57°E / 27.4; 74.57Coordinates: 27°24′N 74°34′E / 27.4°N 74.57°E / 27.4; 74.57
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Nagaur
Founded by Didu Shah
Government
 • Type Constitution
 • MLA Yunus Khan
Elevation 336 m (1,102 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 53,328
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 341303
Telephone code 01580
Vehicle registration RJ-37
Sex ratio 980/1000 /
Website www.didwana.com

Didwana (Rajasthani: डीडवाना) is a town in Nagaur district of Rajasthan in India. It lies in the Thar Desert. The town is thought to be more than 5,000 years old. The name 'Didwana' is considered as stumbled name of 'Deen Deewana'. The land is known for the 'Deen Deewana' (Loopy for Islam). Later it converted in to 'Deedwana' and 'Didwana'. India Post Department still quote the name and stamp as 'Deedwana'.

Nowadays Didwana is a well-known town of Nagaur/Rajasthan. Many people of Didwana and nearby places are well settled elsewhere in India and hold important positions/ are famous industrialists. And also Hi Technology startups business investment and funding firm inttco group now works closely in eCommerce segment like Amazon, flipkart, snapdeal, jabong, yupme etc was founded way back in 1824 in Didwana. Now operating in 52 countries. The famous Maheshwari billionaire business family Bangur hails from Didwana. The Shree Shyam Maharaj Ji Ka Mandir is famous since 400 years old. Further it is also famous for two famous old Maths based on the Ramanuja Sampradaya, namely, the Jahlaria Math headed by Sri Sri 1008 Swami Ghanshyamacharyaji Maharaj and The Nagoria Math headed by Sri Sri 1008 Swami Vishnu prapannacharyaji Maharaj. The city is historically known for Fort Mosque (Qila Mosque) built by The Great Emperor Akbar in the memory of Sufi Saint.

The city is very famous for its Hindu traditional culture and philosophy and the Maths are must-visit for all Hindu devotees once in lifetime. The Baas and basinies, as the surrounding areas of town, The mathura Das Ji ka jaav, the well built by the maharaja of Jodhpur in 12th Century, in Gaadha baas,inside the well at 107 feet under surface label is a secret chamber deep inside the well where it is said that the hero of First Indian rebellion Vijay Singh Pathik had stayed inside the well's chamber. The property is under the prestigious Pareek Family from past 450 Years and is a very good example of Ancient Rajasthani architecture.

The temples of these maths are generally regarded to be very beautiful, though they may not be as big as other temples but they are regarded very highly by the Hindu community.

The town is famous for its VED Vidhalya where Brahmin students are taught about Veda, dharma and other aspects of the Hindu religion.

The name Didwana used to be 'Deen Deewana' as this is a mystic land of Islamic Sufi movement and epicenter. Abdul Ghaffar Rumi stayed here while traveling with Khwaja Mueenuldin Chishti. The Great Usmani family of the city still residing in Didwana. The Sufi triangle of Ajmer, Nagaur and Didwana gave a mystic journey of anyone. The Great Akbar made a Mosque named 'Qila Masjid' (Fort Mosque) in the loving memory of the footsteps of Khwaja Mueenuldin Chishti. The Qila Masjid is within the area where The Great Usmani family is residing after HH Abdul Ghaffar Rumi stayed.

Geography[edit]

Didwana is located at 27°24′N 74°34′E / 27.4°N 74.57°E / 27.4; 74.57.[1] It has an average elevation of 336 metres (1102 feet).

The town is more than 5,000 years old and has long history of great teachers who have taken the Hindu religion a long way and have shown the way how to lead life, how to grow, etc.

In Didwana there are twelve baas and twelve baasni (called in general language colony). There live Mali samaj in these baas and Deshwali samaj lives in Basani.

  1. Maidashar bass
  2. Singhi bass
  3. Kumaniya bass
  4. Mohandas bass
  5. Tiba bass
  6. Bhati bass
  7. Heerayi bass
  8. Gadha bass
  9. Harinarayan bass
  10. Kadiya bass
  11. Jhalara bass
  12. Pakhaliya Bass
  13. Bariya bass
  14. Aadaka bass
  15. Katala bass
  16. Padmaniya Bass


Thse are the famous twelve villages(Baasni) around Didwana, where deshwali community lives.

  1. Ramsabas - Located on south from the salt lake. 4 KM from Didwana on Ganesh Mandir road.
  2. Ladabas - Adjacent to Ramsabas. Both the villages are mingled down now. Common government school for both villages.
  3. Khatiabasni. 2KM south from Ramsabas on Barangana road.
  4. Baliya. -famous sodium sulfide factory by Nagori is located in Baliya.
  5. Amarpura. - next to Didwana railway station
  6. Gardejiabasni.
  7. Dadubasni.
  8. Shekhabasni. Located on east side of Didwana at the junction of State highway - Didwana road.
  9. Khinchiyabasni.
  10. Mallabasni.
  11. Daulatpura. Located 12 KM east from Didwana on State highway.
  12. Katlabas. Near the chungi chowki and some are in the farms.

Following are the famous chowk in Didwana. Chowk means locality.

  1. Mohallah Sayedan & Qauziyaan
  2. Narsingh Chowk Near Nagoria Math.
  3. Shyam Ji ka Chowk Near Shayam Ji Ka Mandir.
  4. Gaggro ka chowk.
  5. Bangur Chowk.
  6. Ganpati Nagar (Dojraj Mandir)
  7. Ghodawato Ka Chowk.
  8. Bhargav Chowk.
  9. Majejio ka Chowk Near Jhalaria Math.
  10. Mathura Das Ji Ka Jaav in Gaadha Baas.
  11. pathano ki paanch pol the historic palace
  12. Inderpur is a distance of 13 kilometer from Didwana in Salasar Highway. Earlier this city was extent in-between Seven Big Gates, for security. But now six gates exist, as one (Delhi Gate) gate has vanished. One thing is special for these gates that at each gate The Lord Ganesh Temple are situated. The name of gates are below:
  1. Nagori Gate.
  2. Ajmeri Gate.
  3. Kote Gate.
  4. Deen Darwaja.
  5. Khidki Darwaja.(Chapri Gate)
  6. Fatehpuri Gate.
  7. Delhi Gate. (this does not exist now)

After the rise of Bangur Family who stayed in Sitaram Bagh, the Bangur family had built many schools, a college, hospital, roads and other infrastructural facilities in the town. Thus the city was one of the most prominent town in the Rajastan State and important centre from people from nearby villages and towns as Ladnun, Kuchaman, Merta, Sujangarh, Kishangarh, Molasar, Borsu, etc.

Not only the town but also people form nearby places is indebted to the Bangur Family for its important role played in the development of the town.

Special Temple- Baba Ramnath Ji Ki Bagichi-''''Near to Didwana is situated a very old village named Kharesh, where a very pious Saint named Baba Ramnath ji have meditated long back before 80 Years.A very beautiful Bagichi temple has been constructed in Kharesh & Lot Of visitors visit kharesh twice on the occasion of Chhat Mela in Bhadra & Ashwin of Ramnath ji maharaj.Please visit once... this is really auspicious to be there.

Place of Interest[edit]

  1. Shree Shyam Maharaj Ji Ka Mandir GOUR GROUP (Doliya)
  2. JankiNath Temple (Nagoriya Math)
  3. JankiNath Temple (Jhalariya Math)
  4. Peer Pahari
  5. Dojraj Ganesh Mandir
  6. Padhay Mata Ji mandir (devpura)
  7. Shitalkund Balaji
  8. Shree Hanuman Ghat Bagichi
  9. Shiv Bari temple
  10. Sain Samaj Mandir
  11. Sati Mata Mandir(aadka bass)
  12. Kali Mata Mandir AKHADA (Bhati Bass )
  13. Maliyan Surya Mandir (Singhi Bass)

grounds and hostels[edit]

  1. Mirdha park ( gandhi ground )cricket ground as well as football ground
  2. mohandas bass ground(Is known as Baag)cricket ground
  3. kishan hostel ( jat hostel ). special type off cricket ground as off and on boundaries are small as compare to straight, but games are more interesting due to special rules
  4. rajput hostel
  5. kayamkhani hostel on Baliya road
  6. khalda stadium for aadka bass
  7. Shivaji Stadium Dadu Badi Singhi Bass

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Didwana had a population of 53,749. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Didwana has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70% and, female literacy is 46%. In Didwana, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Concern[edit]

The new generation of Bangur Family has been distanced from the town. Their higher interest in city also with other pravasi industrialists will help the city attain a prominent location in Rajasthan. The local people of the town have important role to play in this as if they take the Help of Bangur family and ask them to establish industries in the nearby area, the area can flourish. The city is having 100% literacy among the The Great Usmani family, Siddiquis and Syeds. They are well flag bearers of the Education among Muslims. Woman upliftment and employment of woman are equally seen among The Usmanis, Sidiiquis and Syeds of the city. Majorly they are employed and serving with Education, Media and judiciary.

There is beautiful temple. Its name is shri shitalkund balaji mandir (hanuman temple)and Jankinath temple which belongs to Nagoriya Math. It is a famous temple constructed more than 500 years ago owned by Nagoriyapithadishwar Swami Shri Vishuprapanacharji.

Industrialisation and creation of more jobs are important. Since the area is semi-arid, creation of a SEZ in the town can be a win-win situation as nearby areas are not good for farming. So creation for SEZ will not affect agricultural production of the country. It has a very large girl's college. Its name is Didwana Mahila Mahavidyalaya. Sushil Kulhari is presently SDM Didwana.

References[edit]

Shree Shyam Maharaj Ji Ka Mandir Didwana

Jankinath temple and Shital Kund Balaji Mandir