Die Deutschen Inschriften

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Die Deutschen Inschriften des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit (DI) (engl.: The German Inscriptions of Medieval and Early Modern Times) is one of the oldest modern endeavours to collect and redact medieval and early modern inscriptions in Europe. The project was instituted by the German linguist Friedrich Panzer (Heidelberg) in association with the historians Karl Brandi (Göttingen) and Hans Hirsch (Vienna) as an interacademic venture of epigraphical publication in 1934. Encompassed are inscriptions ranging from the Early Middle Ages to the year of 1650 (and later on) localized in the areas that are today known as the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Austria and South Tyrol. By now the epigraphical research centers involved have published 81 volumes. An individual volume contains usually the inscriptions of a single city or Landkreis respectively called Politischer Bezirk in Austria. The venture is supported by the German Academies of Sciences in Berlin, Düsseldorf, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Leipzig, Mainz and München as well as the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna. The Reichert-Verlag is the publishing house of the scientific editions.

Deutsche Inschriften Online (DIO)[edit]

The project "Deutsche Inschriften Online" (engl.: German Inscriptions Online) was planned and implemented as an interacademic venture by the Academies of Sciences in Mainz and Göttingen. The projects ambition was to digitalize the volumes DI 66/45/56/58/61 and make them available online. The realisation is based on a database who was developed by the Inscription-offices in Greifswald and Mainz. The venture has an innovative character and is seeing itself as a broadening of the project "Inschriften Mittelrhein-Hunsrück (IMH)" (engl.: Inscriptions of the Middlerhine-Hunsrück) that was worked out in 2008 cooperating with the "Institut für Geschichtliche Landeskunde an der Universität Mainz" (engl.: Institute for Regional History located at the University of Mainz). The project digitalized the volume "Die Inschriften des Rhein-Hunsrück Kreises I (DI 60)" (engl.: The Inscriptions of the Rhine-Hunsrück District) edited by epigraphist Eberhard J. Nikitsch. In the meantime the website of the IMH-Project has merged into the DIO-Web portal. In the long run digitalization and making available online of further volumes is scheduled. Also a translation of the DIO-Website into the English language is projected.

Besides the digitalized scientific volumes DIO features an elaborated search interface, news concerning epigraphy and series of articles like "Epigraphischer Tipp" (engl.: Epigraphical Hint) and "Inschrift im Fokus" (engl.: Focused on Inscription) as well as a glossary and a list of topical weblinks. Additionally the site presents a wide array of photographies and pictures of inscriptions or things alike and by this means tries to interlink different potentials of information brokerage.

Today thirty (30) volumes including more than 11.000 items and more than 11.000 illustrations and photographs can be retrieved by the user.[1] Currently online available are the volumes DI-19 Göttingen (Stadt), DI-24 Lüneburger St. Michaeliskloster and the monastery Lüne until 1550, DI-26 Osnabrück, DI-28 Hameln, DI-31 Aachener Dom, DI-32 Stadt Aachen, DI-34 Lkr.[2] Bad Kreuznach, DI-35 City of Braunschweig until 1528, DI-36 Hannover, DI-37 Rems-Murr-Kreis, DI-38 Lkr. Bergstraße, DI-41 Landkreis Göppingen, DI-42 Einbeck, DI-45 Goslar, DI-46 Minden, DI-49 City of Darmstadt and the Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg and Landkreis Groß-Gerau, DI-50 Bonn, DI-56 Braunschweig, DI-58 Hildesheim, DI-59 Lemgo, DI-60 Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis I, DI-61 Helmstedt, DI-64 former Landkreis Querfurt, DI-66 Göttingen (Landkreis), DI-76 Lüneburgian monasteries Ebstorf, Isenhagen, Lüne, Medingen, Walsrode, Wienhausen, DI-77 Greifswald, DIO[3] 1 The Inscriptions of the City of Mainz. First Part: The Inscriptions of the Cathedral and the Museum of Cathedral and Diocese ranging from 800 to 1350, DIO 2 Gandersheim, DIO 3 Santa Maria dell'Anima in Rome, DIO 4 monastery Mariental.

Projects of Cooperation[edit]

Furthermore, the team of epigraphists and digital humanists of DIO was able to launch the online edition of an corpus of inscriptions, who can be found in the “German national church” Santa Maria dell’Anima in Rome. The corpus’ spectrum ranges from mediaeval times to 1559. The edition was published in collaboration with the German Historical Institute in Rome. Another interdisciplinary project implemented by several institutes and scholarly departements situated in Mainz in the vicinity of “German Inscriptions Online” is St. Stephen virtual. The project’s goal was to establish a digital walkabout through the interiour cloister of St. Stephen’s Church, Mainz. During the project’s implementation the team was able to highlight opportunities and capabilities to handle, to adapt and to interrelate epigraphical, common-historical and spatial scholarly questions and to display them further to a wide interested public.

The project Referenzkorpus historischer Texte des Deutschen (Engl. linguistic corpus of German language texts) is going to annotate the grammatical structure within the textual corpus by utilizing a STTS-tagset and to fully lemmatize the corpus automatically. Subsequently the annotated texts are made available within the Referenzkorpus Deutsche Inschriften (Engl. linguistic corpus of German inscriptions). The corpus ought to incorporate 400.000 annotated word forms. The corpus' main research focus lies on linguistics and codicology.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 4170 catalogue items and 4000 images could be terieved in May 2011. Schrade, Epigraphik im digitalen Umfeld, Paragraph 2.
  2. ^ Lkr. or Landkreis denotes an administrative district in Germany.
  3. ^ The DIO prefix denotes either digital born catalogues or catalogues not published within the DI-series.
  4. ^ Webseite ReDI project (Uni Bochum) (14. März 2014).

Bibliography[edit]

German Inscriptions (DI)[edit]

  • Karl Brandi: Grundlegung einer deutschen Inschriftenkunde (Engl. foundation of a lore of German epigraphy). In: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters Bd. 1 (1937) S. 11-43.
  • Ernst Cucuel: Das deutsche Inschriftenwerk der vereinigten Akademien, seine Aufgaben, Ziele und Methoden (Eng. the German epigraphical opus of the united Academies of Sciences, its tasks, goals and method). In: Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte Bd. 85 (1939) S. 116-134.
  • Deutsche Inschriften. Terminologie zur Schriftbeschreibung (Engl. German inscriptions. Terminology for the description of epigraphical scriptures). Erarb. von den Mitarb. der Inschriftenkommission der Akademien der Wissenschaften in Berlin. Wiesbaden 1999.
  • Rudolf Maria Kloos: Die deutschen Inschriften (Engl. the German inscriptions). In: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters Bd. 15 (1959) S. 177–181.
  • Rudolf Maria Kloos: Die Deutschen Inschriften. Ein Bericht über das deutsche Inschriftenunternehmen (Engl. the German inscriptions. Memorandum on the German epigraphical enterprise). In: Studi medievali Ser. 3, Bd. 14 (1973) S. 335-362.
  • Eberhard J. Nikitsch: Fritz V. Arens als Mainzer Inschriftensammler und Epigraphiker (Engl. Fritz V. Arens as collector of inscriptions in Mainz and epigraph). In: Mainzer Zeitschrift Bd. 103 (2008) S. 231-243.
  • Friedrich Panzer: Die Inschriften des deutschen Mittelalters. Ein Aufruf zu ihrer Sammlung und Bearbeitung (Engl. Inscriptions of the German Middle Ages. Appeal for collecting and editing). Im Auftrage der Akademien der Wissenschaften von Berlin, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Leipzig, München und Wien verfasst. Leipzig 1938.

German Inscriptions Online (DIO)[edit]

External links[edit]

German Inscriptions (DI)[edit]

Projects of Cooperation[edit]