Die Freude reget sich, BWV 36b

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Die Freude reget sich (Joy awakens), BWV 36b, is a secular cantata composed by Johann Sebastian Bach. The work appears to date from 1735, when Bach was living in Leipzig. Bach drew on material he had composed about ten years earlier for the cantata Schwingt freudig euch empor, BWV 36c.

Text[edit]

The text pays homage to Johann Florens Rivinius, who was appointed Rector of Leipzig University in October 1735. The cantata was probably performed in the university church, the Paulinerkirche.

In 1727 Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander) had published an earlier version of the text, the birthday cantata Steigt freudig in die Luft, which was also set by Bach. Picander was probably the author of the adaptation for the university celebration.[1][2][3]

Scoring and structure[edit]

The cantata is scored for four soloists, soprano, alto, tenor and bass, a four-part choir, flauto traverso, two oboes d'amore, two violins, viola and basso continuo.[4]

  1. Chorus: Die Freude reget sich
  2. Recitative (tenor): Ihr seht, wie sich das Glücke
  3. Aria (tenor): Aus Gottes milden Vaterhänden
  4. Recitative (alto): Die Freunde sind vergnügt
  5. Aria(alto): Das Gute, das dein Gott beschert
  6. Recitative (soprano): Wenn sich die Welt mit deinem Ruhme trägt
  7. Aria (soprano): Auch mit gedämpften, schwachen Stimmen
  8. Chorus and recitative (tenor, alto, soprano): Was wir dir vor Glücke gönnen

Music[edit]

As in BWV 36c, the first movement is cheerful in nature, and the tenor aria includes a significant oboe d'amore line. The final movement is a "jolly chorus with interpolated recitative".[5]

There are also related sacred cantatas, two versions of the church cantata for the First Sunday in Advent, Schwingt freudig euch empor, BWV 36.

The original cantata is unusual in being a secular work which was parodied as a sacred work and then, some five years later as a secular work. Bach's parodies are usually secular to sacred rather than sacred to secular. The explanation given for the prevalence of secular to sacred parodies is that occasional secular works such as birthday cantatas had a single use and then Bach was able to reuse them as sacred works.

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finlay, I. (1950). Bach's Secular Cantata Texts. Music and Letters. pp. 189–195. 
  2. ^ Wolff, Christoph (2006). Die Welt der Bach-Kantaten. Metzler/Bärenreiter, Stuttgart and Kassel. ISBN 3-476-02127-0. 
  3. ^ Terry, C. S.; Litti, D. (1917). Bach's Cantata Libretti. Journal of the Royal Musical Association. pp. 71–125. ISBN 3-476-02127-0.  doi:10.1093/jrma/44.1.71
  4. ^ Dürr, Alfred (1971). Die Kantaten von Johann Sebastian Bach (in German) 1. Bärenreiter-Verlag. OCLC 523584. 
  5. ^ Crouch, Simon (1999). "BWV 36b". Classical Net. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 

Sources[edit]

The first source is the score.

Several databases provide additional information on each cantata: