Diederik Korteweg

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Diederik Korteweg
D.J.Korteweg.JPG
Diederik Johannes Korteweg
Born (1848-03-31)31 March 1848
Den Bosch
Died 10 May 1941(1941-05-10) (aged 93)
Amsterdam
Nationality Dutch
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of Amsterdam
Alma mater University of Amsterdam
Doctoral advisor Johannes Diderik van der Waals
Doctoral students L. E. J. Brouwer
Gustav de Vries
Gerrit Mannoury
Julius Wolff
Willem Wythoff
Known for Korteweg–de Vries equation, Moens–Korteweg equation[1]

Diederik Johannes Korteweg (31 March 1848 – 10 May 1941[2]) was a Dutch mathematician. He rediscovered the Korteweg–de Vries equation.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Diederik Korteweg's father was a judge in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands. Korteweg received his schooling there, studying at a special academy which prepared students for a military career. However, he decided against a military career and, making the first of his changes of direction, he began his studies at the Polytechnical School of Delft. Korteweg originally intended to become an engineer but, although he maintained an interest in mechanics and other applications of mathematics throughout his life, his love of mathematics made him change direction for the second time when he was not enjoying the technical courses at Delft. He decided to terminate his course and pull out of his studies so that he could concentrate on mathematics. He then enrolled in mathematics and mechanics courses qualifying him to become a high school teacher.

In 1878 Korteweg received a Ph.D. from the University of Amsterdam.[4] His dissertation was titled On the Propagation of Waves in Elastic Tubes. He was the first Ph.D. recipient from that University after it received authority to grant the doctorate.[5]

In 1881 Korteweg joined the University of Amsterdam as Professor of Mathematics, Mechanics and Astronomy. While there he published a notable paper in Philosophical Magazine titled "On the Change of Form of Long Waves . . "

Some of his famous students were Gustav de Vries, Gerrit Mannoury and Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer.

Honors and societies[edit]

Korteweg was a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences[6] for 60 years. He was a member of the Dutch Mathematical Society for 75 years. He was editor of Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde from 1897 to his death in 1941.[5]

An experiment conducted aboard the International Space Station in 2003 (Miscible Fluids in Microgravity) was mounted to prove one of Korteweg's theories.[7]

The asteroid 9685 Korteweg is named after him.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gosling, R.G.; Budge, M.M. (2003), Terminology for Describing the Elastic Behavior of Arteries, Hypertension 41: 1180−1182, doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000072271.36866.2A 
  2. ^ http://staff.science.uva.nl/~janwieg/korteweg
  3. ^ http://gap-system.org/~history/Mathematicians/Korteweg.html
  4. ^ http://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=7731 Korteweg defended his dissertation on 12 July 1878. website accessed 7 Sept. 2009
  5. ^ a b staff.science
  6. ^ Scientists of the Dutch School
  7. ^ http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2003/25sep_ingenuity.htm NASA website, accessed 7 Sept. 2009

Further reading[edit]

  • Willink, Bastiaan (October 2007), The collaboration between Korteweg and de Vries — An enquiry into personalities, History of Physics, arXiv:0710.5227v1 .
  • Korteweg, D. J. & de Vries, G. (1895), On the Change of Form of Long Waves advancing in a Rectangular Canal and on a New Type of Long Stationary Waves, Philosophical Magazine, 5th series 39: 422–443, doi:10.1080/14786449508620739 .

External links[edit]