|Leader of the Labour Party in the House of Representatives of the Netherlands|
20 March 2012
|Preceded by||Job Cohen|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
30 January 2003
|Born||Diederik Maarten Samsom
10 July 1971
|Political party||Labour Party|
|Alma mater||Delft University of Technology|
Diederik Maarten Samsom ( pronunciation (help·info); born July 10, 1971) is a Dutch politician. As a member of the Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid) he has been an MP since January 30, 2003. He is the party's spokesperson on environmental issues. On March 16, 2012 he was elected parliamentary leader as well as party leader. Before his election to parliament he was CEO of a green energy company and a campaigner for Greenpeace Netherlands.
Early life and career
Samsom was born in Groningen and raised in Leeuwarden. His father worked as an internist and his mother as a physiotherapist. Between 1983 and 1989, he attended the Municipal Gymnasium (Dutch: Stedelijk Gymnasium) in Leeuwarden. There he became interested in physics, so he went on to study Applied Physics (Dutch: "Technische Natuurkunde") at Delft University of Technology. Samsom specialised in nuclear physics and became a level three radiation expert. He graduated in May 1997, obtaining a Dutch Engineer's degree (In Dutch: Ingenieur). He was also on the board of the National Students' Union LSVb and edited a yearly edition of the Poenboek, a students' guide concerning monetary issues.
Samsom had been involved in environmentalism long before entering politics. Samsom joined environmental organisation Greenpeace Netherlands in September 1995 as a volunteer. He led several campaigns and projects until he quit in December 2001, when the PvdA approached him offering a career in politics. He also worked as the CEO of Real Energy (Dutch: Echte Energie), a small green energy trading company, from August 2002 until January 2003.
Samsom became a member of the social democratic Labour party while a student in Delft. He left the party but rejoined in February 2001. He stood as a candidate in the 2002 Dutch general election, but he was not elected due to the PvdA losing almost half of its seats in the election. The party regained most of its seats in the 2003 election and this time Samsom was given a high position (nine) on the list of candidates. He was subsequently sworn in as a member of the House of Representatives on January 30, 2003.
Together with fellow PvdA parliamentarians Staf Depla and Jeroen Dijsselbloem he traveled around the country campaigning. They operated under the name The Red Engineers (Dutch: De rode ingenieurs), referring to both their scientific backgrounds and their red overalls. NRC editor Coen van Zwol called their campaign fresh, clear and sharp (Dutch: fris, helder en scherp).
Samsom is the Labour party's spokesperson on environmental issues: sustainability, climate and energy, traffic congestion and railway issues and projects. He was nineteenth on the list of candidates in the 2006 Dutch general elections and he received a high number of 6248 preference votes.
2008 Parliamentary Chair election
Jacques Tichelaar became the leader of the parliamentary party shortly after the 2006 general election in February 2007 but fell ill in January 2008. He had to undergo a septuple bypass surgery and it took him three months to recuperate. On April 16, he announced he had decided to resign from office for health reasons. He planned to return as a parliamentarian on July 1, 2008. As vice parliamentary leader Hamer had led the party in Tichelaar's absence. The next day she decided to run for office. Three days later, Samsom officially announced he would also compete in the race. Other names were mentioned, but only Samsom and Hamer decided to vie for the position. All 33 parliamentarians gathered two days later to discuss the position and cast their votes, resulting in a victory for Hamer.
According to pollster Maurice de Hond, a majority of the 2006 Labour voters preferred Samsom as party leader. Out of a total of 1,500 Labour voters, 26% favoured Hamer while 42% liked Samsom better. From the people who indicate they will vote for the PvdA in the future a smaller majority of 40 to 35 preferred Samsom.
On February 22, 2012, following Job Cohen's resignation as party leader, Samsom stood in the party's leadership election, which was held among the party members. On March 16, 2012, he won the election by a landslide with 54% of the vote, with the runner-up Ronald Plasterk receiving 32% of the vote. Samsom stated he would like to become prime minister, or otherwise continue his role of chairman of his party in the House of Representatives.
NRC Handelsblad referred to Samsom as quizking him after he won his fifth televised game show. Particularly notable are his consecutive victories in the 2005 and 2006 National IQ Tests. According to the test, he has an IQ of 136. He also won the popular National News Quiz in 2005 and 2006  and in May 2008 he was crowned winner of the Big History Quiz.
Samsom was raised in a non-religious family and considers himself an atheist. He is a non smoker and observes a vegetarian diet. He cites swimming and water polo as his favourite sports. Samsom is married and has two children. His daughter Benthe was born in 2001 and his son Fane was born in 2006. Samsom mentioned them in several political debates and interviews in a for the Netherlands unprecedented and criticized way, including drawing attention to his daughter's disability. He also involved his private life and family in his "American style" 2012 electoral campaign, most notably by featuring his two children in an official party TV ad.
Samsom lived on a houseboat in Broek in Waterland with his then girlfriend and daughter before moving to Leiden, where he still resides as of 2012. In a 2012 interview with Marie Claire Samsom admitted he had committed adultery "perhaps one or two times". He also admitted to vanity and stated he misses his former luscious curls a great deal now that he has grown almost completely bald.
- (Dutch) Parlement.com biography
- Spekman, Hans. "Party Chairman". Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- Abswoude, Peter van (February 2003). "Colloquium cum Diederik Samsom". Stentor: Acta Scholastica Gymnasii Civitatis Leovardiensis 3: 23–25 (Dutch)
- The title "Ir." is like the international Engineer's degree.
- "DIEDERIK SAMSOM" (in Dutch). Stichting Per Definitie. 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- "PvdA-kandidaten Tweede Kamerverkiezingen 2003" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "PvdA en Tweede Kamerverkiezingen 2003" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Zwol, Coen van (2008-04-22). "Diederik Samsom, een ambitieuze ex-radicaal" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Uitslag van de Tweede Kamerverkiezing van 22 november 2006" (in Dutch). Kiesraad. 2006-11-22. Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Jacques Tichelaar fractievoorzitter PvdA" (in Dutch). NU.nl. 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- "PvdA-fractieleider Tichelaar treedt af" (in Dutch). Algemeen Dagblad. 2008-04-16. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- "Fractievoorzitter PvdA legt functie neer" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. 2008-04-16. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- "Hamer wil fractieleider PvdA worden" (in Dutch). De Pers. 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- "Samsom kandidaat fractievoorzitterschap PvdA" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- "Hamer nieuwe fractievoorzitter" (in Dutch). Partij van de Arbeid. 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2008-05-18.[dead link]
- Kloor, Robin van der (2008-04-24). "PvdA-kiezer wil Samsom, en niet Hamer" (in Dutch). Elsevier. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- Hans Spekman (16 March2012). "Diederik Samsom politiek leider" (in Dutch). PvdA. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "De energievoorraad van Diederik Samsom raakt nooit op" (in Dutch). Trouw. 17 March 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "Diederik Samsom winnaar Grote Geschiedenis Quiz" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. 2008-05-01. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- "Diederik Samsom wint Nationale IQ Test" (in Dutch). Trouw. 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- "Samsom: Jan Smit past beste bij PvdA" (in Dutch). De Volkskrant. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- "Dochter Samsom verdient bescherming" (in Dutch). Metro. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- "Dutch Labor party surges in opinion polls, threatens to unseat Prime Minister Mark Rutte". The Washington Post. 2012-09-08. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- "PvdA-voorman Diederik Samsom gebruikt gehandicapte dochter in campagnespotje om stemmen te trekken" (in Dutch). zijonline.nl. 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2012-09-08.
- "Bijlage bij nieuwsbericht - uitslag Tweede Kamerverkiezing 2012" (in Dutch). Kiesraad. Unknown parameter
- "U.S.-Styled Campaign Catapults Dutch Labor Leader". The Wall Street Journal. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2012-09-16.
- "Samsom had vroeger krullen en meer onthullingen" (in Dutch). Parool. 2012-08-09. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diederik Samsom.|
- (Dutch) Diederik Samsom at the website of the Labour Party
- (Dutch) Diederik Samsom at the website of the House of Representatives
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Labour Party
in the House of Representatives