Diego Martínez Barrio
|Diego Martínez Barrio|
|President of the Spanish Republic
7 April 1936 – 10 May 1936
|Preceded by||Niceto Alcalá-Zamora|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Azaña|
|Prime Minister of Spain|
8 October – 16 December 1933
|Preceded by||Alejandro Lerroux|
|Succeeded by||Alejandro Lerroux|
19 July – 19 July 1936
|Preceded by||Santiago Casares Quiroga|
|Succeeded by||José Giral|
25 November 1883|
|Died||1 January 1962
|Political party||Republican Union Party|
Diego Martínez Barrio (25 November 1883, Seville – 1 January 1962) was a Spanish politician during the Second Spanish Republic, Prime Minister of Spain between 9 October 1933 and 26 December 1933 and was briefly appointed again by Manuel Azaña after the resignation of Santiago Casares Quiroga, on July 19, 1936 - three days after the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. From March 16, 1936 to March 30, 1939 Martínez was President of the Cortes. In 1936, he briefly was interim President of the Second Spanish Republic from 7 April to 10 of May.
Barrio was born in Seville. A member of the Radical Republican Party, he was the Minister in the Alejandro Lerroux government, although later he left the party due to his dissatisfaction with the politics of Lerroux.
Martínez consequently founded and led the Republican Union Party and participated in the Spanish Popular Front, being elected to government in 1936. He led the integration of the Republican Union Party into the Popular Front, being elected the speaker of the Cortes (Spanish Parliament). In February 1939, he rejected to replace Manuel Azaña as president of the Republic. He fled the country after Francisco Franco came to power in 1939.
After the fall of the Republic he went into exile, first to France and then to Mexico where in 1945 he was designated president of the Republic in exile until 1962. Martínez finally returned to Paris, where he died.
In 2000, his remains were moved to Seville.
- Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 123
- Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 185
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. London. p. 152
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- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. London. p. 895
- 1863-1923, Brief History of the Spanish Masonry
- Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The spanish civil war, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p. 423
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- Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. 2003. ISBN 978-0-14-101161-5
Niceto Alcalá Zamora
|President of the Second Spanish Republic
Santiago Casares Quiroga
|Prime Minister of Spain