Diego Martínez Barrio

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Martínez and the second or maternal family name is Barrio.
Diego Martínez Barrio
Diego Martínez Barrio.JPG
President of the Spanish Republic
Interim
In office
7 April 1936 – 10 May 1936
Preceded by Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
Succeeded by Manuel Azaña
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
8 October – 16 December 1933
Preceded by Alejandro Lerroux
Succeeded by Alejandro Lerroux
In office
19 July – 19 July 1936
Preceded by Santiago Casares Quiroga
Succeeded by José Giral
Personal details
Born (1883-11-25)25 November 1883
Seville, Spain
Died 1 January 1962(1962-01-01) (aged 78)
Paris, France
Nationality Spanish
Political party Republican Union Party
Profession politician, journalist

Diego Martínez Barrio (25 November 1883, Seville – 1 January 1962) was a Spanish politician during the Second Spanish Republic, Prime Minister of Spain between 9 October 1933 and 26 December 1933[1] and was briefly appointed again by Manuel Azaña after the resignation of Santiago Casares Quiroga, on July 19, 1936 - three days after the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. From March 16, 1936 to March 30, 1939 Martínez was President of the Cortes. In 1936, he briefly was interim President of the Second Spanish Republic from 7 April to 10 of May.

Biography[edit]

Barrio was born in Seville. A member of the Radical Republican Party, he was the Minister in the Alejandro Lerroux government, although later he left the party due to his dissatisfaction with the politics of Lerroux.[2]

Martínez consequently founded and led the Republican Union Party and participated in the Spanish Popular Front,[3] being elected to government in 1936. He led the integration of the Republican Union Party into the Popular Front, being elected the speaker of the Cortes (Spanish Parliament).[4] In February 1939, he rejected to replace Manuel Azaña as president of the Republic.[5] He fled the country after Francisco Franco came to power in 1939.[6]

He was the Grand Master of the Grande Oriente Español from 1929 to 1934.[7]

After the fall of the Republic he went into exile, first to France and then to Mexico where in 1945 he was designated president of the Republic in exile[8] until 1962.[9] Martínez finally returned to Paris, where he died.

In 2000, his remains were moved to Seville.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.geneall.net/H/per_page.php?id=467700
  2. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 123
  3. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 185
  4. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. London. p. 152
  5. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 485
  6. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. London. p. 895
  7. ^ 1863-1923, Brief History of the Spanish Masonry
  8. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The spanish civil war, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p. 423
  9. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. London. p. 923.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beevor, Antony. The battle for Spain. The Spanish civil war. Penguin Books. 2006. London. ISBN 0-14-303765-X.
  • Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. 2003. ISBN 978-0-14-101161-5
Preceded by
Niceto Alcalá Zamora
President of the Second Spanish Republic
(acting)

1936
Succeeded by
Manuel Azaña
Preceded by
Santiago Casares Quiroga
Prime Minister of Spain
1936
Succeeded by
José Giral