Diego de Benavides, 8th Count of Santisteban

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Don Diego de Benavides de La Cueva y Bazán, 1st Marquis of Solera and 8th Count of Santisteban del Puerto (sometimes Don Diego Benavides y de la Cueva, conde de Santisteban del Puerto) (1607, Santisteban del Puerto, Jaén, Spain—ca. March 19, 1666, Lima, Peru), was a Spanish military officer, diplomat, writer and colonial administrator. From December 31, 1661 to March 16, 1666 he was viceroy of Peru.

Diego de Benavides, Horae succisiuae siue Elucubrationes, title page of the 1664 edition
Don Diego de Benavides de la Cueva, Count of Santisteban, (1607 - 1666) was the father of the 9th Count of Santisteban del Puerto Francisco de Benavides y Dávila, (1740 - 1716), Viceroy of Sicily, 1678 - 1687, Viceroy of Naples,1687 - 1696

Benavides received a Humanistic education with the Jesuits of the Colegio Imperial de Madrid.[1]

He was a Knight of the Order of Santiago and a gentleman of the king's bedchamber. He fought in Aragon and Portugal. After the 1643 war with Portugal, he was Captain General of the Borders. Later he was Governor of Galicia. In 1653 he was named Viceroy and Captain General of Navarre. For his valuable diplomatic services in the negotiation of the 1659 Peace of the Pyrenees and the subsequent marriage of Princess Maria Teresa of Austria with Louis XIV of France, King Philip IV made him Marquis de Solera.[1]

His writings included Epigramas latinos del humanista giennense D. Diego de Benavides y de la Cueva (Latin epigrams) and Horae succisiuae siue Elucubrationes. The latter work was a poetic anthology compiled by his sons Francisco and Manuel de Benavides and published in 1660 (second edition, 1664).[2]

In 1661 he was named Viceroy of Peru. During his administration, he was much concerned about the condition of the Indigenous, particularly their education and labor conditions. To address these concerns he issued the Ordenanza de Obrajes (Ordenance of Manufactures) in 1664.

He faced earthquakes to epidemics, and had to suppress fighting between Spanish miners. San Bartolomé hospital was built during his term of office. He built the first theater in Lima. He died in that city in 1666.

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External links[edit]

Media related to Diego de Benavides, 8th Count of Santisteban at Wikimedia Commons

Government offices
Preceded by
Diego López Pacheco
Viceroy of Navarre
1653-1653
Succeeded by
Antonio Álvarez de Toledo
Preceded by
Luis Enríquez de Guzmán
Viceroy of Peru
1661-1666
Succeeded by
Bernardo de Iturriaza
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Francisco de Benavides
Count of Santisteban
1650-1666
Succeeded by
Francisco de Benavides
New title Marquis of Solera
1659-1666