Diego de los Ríos
|Diego de los Ríos y Nicolau|
|116th Governor-General of the Philippines|
September 1898 – December 10, 1898
|Preceded by||Francisco Rizzo|
|Succeeded by||Post abolished
Emilio Aguinaldo as Philippine President
and Wesley Merritt as Military Governor of the Philippines
April 9, 1850|
|Died||November 4, 1911
Governor-General of the Philippines
Government in Iloilo
Desiring to save the Visayas and Mindanao from the fate that had befallen Luzon, de los Rios asked Spain to grant some reforms demanded by representative citizens of Iloilo. He issued in Iloilo a proclamation to the people of the Visayas calling on them to establish a "Council of Reforms" to be made up of 24 leading citizens, 12 of whom would be selected by popular vote and another 12 to be appointed by the governor-general himself.
The granted reforms, however, satisfied only a few ilustrado leaders. The revolution in Iloilo is heated up. As agreed upon by the Ilonggo leaders, the general uprising against the Spanish authorities in Panay, particularly in Iloilo, took place on October 28, 1898. On that day onward, the interior towns of the province were liberated from Spanish control. By the first week of November, only Jaro, Molo and Iloilo remained in the hands of the Spaniards. On November 21, Jaro was delivered by the Spanish government to the Ilonggos.
His term as governor-general effectively ended on December 10, 1898 when the Treaty of Paris was signed.
With the Spanish army being besieged by the revolutionary troops in the positions which they held in Iloilo and Molo, and being threatened by a decisive attack, the Spanish government under De los Rios eventually opened up negotiations with the Ilonggos. The outcome of the negotiations was the evacuation of Molo and Iloilo City by the Spanish troops and their subsequent surrender to the native forces under the command of Gen. Martin Delgado at Plaza Alfonso XII (now Plaza Libertad) on December 25, 1898.
He left Iloilo to transferred his capital to Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora La Virgen del Pilar de Zaragoza in Zamboanga bringing with him the remnants of his colonial forces in the Visayas on the eve of the surrender of the Spanish forces in Visayas to the Ilonggo revolutionaries in December 24, 1898.
Government in Zamboanga
The Govenror-General upon his arrival at Fort Pilar on December 24, 1898, immediately made preparations for the setting up of the last bastion of defense for Spanish sovereignty in the Philippines. He pulled out the colonial forces in Cotabato and Lanao and consolidated and concentrated them all at Fort Pilar. Unknowingly, General Vicente Alvarez with his revolutionary forces in Zamboanga is planning a full-scale attack against the fort.
Siege of Fort Pilar
With his army base in Masinloc (present-day Arena Blanco), General Álvarez began his siege against Fort Pilar on April 27, 1899. With little supplies and ammunition and the continuous reinforcement of the revolutionary forces, De los Ríos hoisted the white flag to surrender on May 17, 1899.
General Álvarez, together with his aides-de-camp entered the fort on the next morning. The Spanish forces inside the fort were lined at the square with their rifles orderly piled before them. De los Ríos and some of his men stood in formation; he was help up by an aide as he was badly wounded on the knee. De los Rios turned over his saber, which is the symbol of Spanish sovereignty, to General Álvarez in the surrender ceremonies held inside the fort. The Spanish occupation of the Philippines formally ended on the same date. The remaining Spanish troops with de los Ríos sailed away back to Spain.
- Spanish Governors of the Philippines
- Gen. Alvarez-Greatest revolutionary hero
- The Iloilo culmination of the declaration of Philippine Independence
(Government in Manila)
|Governor-General of the Philippines
(Government in Iloilo)
August 13–December 10, 1898
Emilio Aguinaldo - Philippine President (República Filipina) and Wesley Merritt - Military Governor of the Philippines (United States)