Dieter Wisliceny

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Dieter Wisliceny (13 January 1911 in Regulowken, now Możdżany, Giżycko County – 4 May 1948 in Bratislava) was a member of the Nazi SS, and a key executioner in the final phase of the Holocaust.

Budapest, Hungary – Captured Jewish women in Wesselényi Street, 20–22 October 1944
Hungarian Jewish Women and children from Carpatho-Ruthenia after their arrival at the Auschwitz deathcamp (May/June 1944). Photo from the Auschwitz Album.

Joining the Nazi Party in 1933, and enlisting in the SS in 1934, Wisliceny eventually rose to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain) in 1944. During implementation of the Final Solution, his task was the ghettoization and liquidation of several important Jewish communities in Nazi-occupied Europe, including those of Greece, Hungary and Slovakia. Wisliceny also re-introduced the yellow star in occupied countries, the yellow star being used to distinguish Jews from non-Jews. He was involved in the deportation of the Hungarian Jews in 1944.

Wisliceny was an important witness at the Nuremberg trials, and his testimony would later prove important in the prosecution of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in Israel in 1961. Wisliceny was extradited to Czechoslovakia, where he was tried and hanged for his crimes in 1948.

His younger brother was Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) and Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords recipient Günther-Eberhardt Wisliceny.

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