Dietes

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Dietes
Fortnight lily.jpg
Dietes grandiflora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Dietes
Salisb. ex Klatt
Type species
Dietes compressa
(Linnaeus fil.) Klatt
Synonyms[1]
  • Naron Medik.

Dietes is a genus of rhizomatous plants of the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1866. Common names include Fortnight lily, African iris, Morea or Moraea iris, Japanese iris and Butterfly iris, each of which may be used differently in different regions for one or more of the four species within the genus.

Most species are native to southern and central Africa, with one (Dietes robinsoniana) native to Lord Howe Island off the coast of Australia. A few species have become naturalized in other parts of the world.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

These plants were formerly placed in the genus Moraea, but were reclassified because they are rhizomatous. Like Moraea, they differ from Iris in having flowers with six free tepals that are not joined into a tube at their bases.

Some references mention the species Dietes vegeta or D. vegeta variegata, springing from some confusion with Moraea vegata (which grows from a corm, not a rhizome). The name D. vegeta is commonly misapplied to both D. grandiflora or D. iridioides.

The genus name is derived from the Greek words di-, meaning "two", and etes, meaning "affinities".[2]

Species[1]
  1. Dietes bicolor (Steud.) Sweet ex Klatt (Yellow Wild Iris, Peacock Flower, Butterfly Iris) - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  2. Dietes butcheriana Gerstner Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Dietes flavida Oberm. - South Africa, Swaziland
  4. Dietes grandiflora N.E.Br. (Wild Iris, Large Wild Iris, Fairy Iris) - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal; naturalized in St. Helena, Mauritius, Rodrigues Island in Indian Ocean, Western Australia
  5. Dietes iridioides (L.) Sweet ex Klatt (Wild Iris, African Iris, Cape Iris, Fortnight Lily, Morea Iris) - widespread from Ethiopia to Cape Province; naturalized in Madeira, Mauritius, Réunion, Hawaii, Jamaica
  6. Dietes robinsoniana (F.Muell.) Klatt (Wedding Lily) - Lord Howe Island (part of New South Wales)

Dietes bicolor has cream or yellow flowers. D. grandiflora and D. iridioides both have white flowers marked with yellow and violet, and appear similar in photographs, but they are quite different: those of grandiflora are much larger, last three days, and have dark spots at the base of the outer tepals, while those of iridioides are small, last only one day, and lack the spots. D. grandiflora is also a larger plant overall.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 204–207. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Dietes at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Dietes at Wikispecies

Bibliography[edit]

  • Floridata: Dietes
  • Goldblatt, P. (1981) Systematics, physiology and evolution of Dietes (Iridaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 68: 132-153.