Diether von Isenburg

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... and as relief at the city walls of Höchst

Diether of Isenburg (German: Diether von Isenburg; sometimes also anglicized as Theodoric of Isenburg; c. 1412 – 7 May 1482) was Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1459 until 1461, and again from 1475 until 1482.

Biography[edit]

Diether was a son of Diether I, count of Isenburg-Büdingen. Early in childhood he was sent into a religious life. He was educated in Cologne and later Erfurt. In 1427 he became a member of Mainz Cathedral, in 1434 a rector in Erfurt, and in 1453 a cathedral vicar. In 1456 the cathedral chapter of Trier elected John II of Baden against Diether. On 18 June 1459 he was elected the Archbishop of Mainz with a clear majority over Adolph of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein, although never confirmed by the Pope. In 1461 he went to Nuremberg for Imperial and Papal reform, and its recommendations earned him the wrath of both the Emperor Frederick III and Pope Pius II.

Diether refused to cease reforms in the church, and thus Pius II declared Adolph of Nassau the Archbishop of Mainz, beginning the Mainzer Feud. The archdiocese was wracked by violent warfare. On the night of 28 October 1462 Adolph captured the city of Mainz, killed 400 citizens and had another 400 including Johannes Gutenberg exiled, and revoked its town charter and status as an Imperial City. However Diether did not leave the city until 1463. When Adolph died in 1475 he recommended Diether be his successor, and on 9 November that year he was again elected. The reformist Pope Sixtus IV confirmed him. In 1477 Diether donated the University of Mainz to the city.

He died in Aschaffenburg in 1482 and was buried in Mainz Cathedral.

References[edit]

  • Ott, M., Diether of Isenburg in The Catholic Encyclopedia, New York: Robert Appleton Company (1908).
  • Menzel, Diether von Isenburg, Erlangen (1867).
  • Gundlach, Hessen und die Mainzer Stiftsfehde, 1461-63, Marburg (1898).
Preceded by
Theodoric Schenk of Erbach
Archbishop of Mainz
1460-1461
Succeeded by
Adolf III of Nassau
Preceded by
Adolf III of Nassau
Archbishop of Mainz
1475-1482
Succeeded by
Adalbert III of Saxony

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.