Digby, Nova Scotia

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Digby
Town
Digby Harbour
Digby Harbour
Official seal of Digby
Seal
Nickname(s): "The Scallop Capital of The World"
Digby is located in Nova Scotia
Digby
Digby
Location of Digby, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 65°45′38″W / 44.62222°N 65.76056°W / 44.62222; -65.76056
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
County Digby
Founded June 1783
Incorporated February 25, 1890
Electoral Districts     
Federal

West Nova
Provincial Digby-Annapolis
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Ben Cleveland
 • Governing Body Digby Town Council
 • MLA Harold Theriault (L)
 • MP Greg Kerr (C)
Area
 • Total 3.15 km2 (1.22 sq mi)
Highest elevation 152 m (499 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,152
 • Density 667.0/km2 (1,728/sq mi)
 • Change (2006-11) Increase2.9%
 • Dwellings 1,117 (1,025 occupied)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code B0V 1A0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 245
Median Earnings* 28,551
Website townofdigby.ns.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Digby is a Canadian town in southwestern Nova Scotia. It is the Administrative centre and largest population centre in Digby County. The town is situated on the western shore of the Annapolis Basin near the entrance to Digby Gut which connects the basin to the Bay of Fundy.

Named after Admiral Robert Digby, RN, the town is famous for its scallop fishing fleet and the Princess of Acadia ferry service connecting to Saint John, NB.

History[edit]

Digby, Nova Scotia in 1906.

Digby was called Oositookun, meaning ear of land by the Mi'kmaq people. A small group of New England Planters settled in the area of the town in the 1760s naming it Conway [2] However Digby was formally settled and surveyed as a town in June 1783 by the United Empire Loyalists under the leadership of Sir Robert Digby.

The town developed a sizable shipping fleet in the 19th century. One famous Digby vessel was the brigantine Dei Gratia, which discovered the famous mystery ship Mary Celeste in 1872. The town became an important regional transportation centre in the 1890s with the arrival of the Dominion Atlantic Railway. Trains connected with a series of steamships such as the City of Monticello and later the SS Princess Helene.

The town's history is preserved and interpreted by the Admiral Digby Museum, located in a historic home facing the harbour.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism has played an important role in Digby during the 20th century beginning with the establishment of railway and steamship links that opened the town and surrounding communities as an-easy-to-reach destination for larger urban centres in eastern North America. A landmark in this industry was the construction of the Digby Pines Resort on the town's outskirts. Built in 1905 and then purchased in 1917 by the Dominion Atlantic Railway, the resort provided a focal point to the local tourism industry with a large expansion in 1927. The Pines attracted notable visitors including early film stra Theda Bara who spent her honeymoon there in 1921.[3] Expanded several times since, it was bought by the Government of Nova Scotia after the Dominion Atlantic sold its hotels. About 20 additional motels, Inns and Bed and Breakfast operations are based in Digby making tourism an important employer.[4]

The annual Scallop Days Festival, held the first week of August annually, brings the fishing and tourism industries together to showcase the town’s history and heritage to the tourists. The festival offers a variety of themed activities for all ages, including scallop shucking contests, a parade, and an exhibition of local artists.[5]

Wharf Rat Rally[edit]

Since 2004, Digby has become the destination of the largest motorcycle rally in Atlantic Canada, the annual Wharf Rat Rally. It attracts many times the town's population; the town of 2,000 residents grows to 50,000 people, including 25,000 motorcycles. So many that schools and some roads have to close for the day due to crowds and motorcycle traffic.[6] The Wharf Rat Rally event is held the weekend of Labour Day in August/September each year.[7]

Fishing[edit]

Fishing has been an essential economic activity since the town's settlement. Digby's schooner fishery reached its peak in the early 1900s, documented by the famous Canadian historian and photographer Frederick William Wallace. In later years, trawlers, especially those harvesting scallops became the mainstay.

A restaurant in Stornoway, Lewis, Scotland, Digby Chick, is named after a fish from Digby. [8]

Government[edit]

The town is governed by a mayor and six councilors. The offices of Digby County are located immediately adjacent to the town. Digby is represented provincially by the riding of Digby-Annapolis and federally by the riding of West Nova. Numerous provincial and federal services for the county and western Nova Scotia such as the Land Registry, Access Nova Scotia[9] and the Department of Community and Social Services are located in Digby.[10]

Shopping and services[edit]

There are two groceries stores located in Digby, both Atlantic Superstore and Sobeys. There is also a Walmart and a Canadian Tire.

Restaurants include franchises such as two Tim Hortons locations, Dairy Queen, Subway, Pizza Delight, Kentucky Fried Chicken, and McDonald's along with several other locally owned restaurants filling the downtown Water Street area. Most of the locally owned restaurants serve seafood dishes with a high concentration on scallops. Many restaurants close during the winter months due to the slow tourism during that time.

Downtown also has locally owned shops.

Circle K, Ultramar, Shell, and Esso have gas stations located in Digby.

There is a Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) station located on Victoria Street.[11]

The Digby General Hospital, located on Warwick Street, provides medical care to the residents, including primary care, inpatient, restorative care, ambulatory, day surgery.[12] Although they note on the website they provide emergency care, it is only available when a physician is available. Currently, the DGH is closed most Wednesdays (8 am to 8 pm) and Fridays (8 am to 8 pm). During those periods, patients are redirected to the CEC (collaborative emergency centre) in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia or Yarmouth, Nova Scotia in the case of an emergency.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1901 1,150 —    
1911 1,247 +8.4%
1921 1,230 −1.4%
1931 1,412 +14.8%
1941 1,657 +17.4%
1951 2,047 +23.5%
1961 2,308 +12.8%
1981 2,558 +10.8%
1986 2,525 −1.3%
1991 2,311 −8.5%
1996 2,199 −4.8%
2001 2,111 −4.0%
2006 2,092 −0.9%
2011 2,152 +2.9%
[14]

Notable residents[edit]

Public library[edit]

  • Isaiah W. Wilson Memorial Library; Digby

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 65°45′38″W / 44.62222°N 65.76056°W / 44.62222; -65.76056 (Digby)