Digital Emergency Alert System
The Digital Emergency Alert System (DEAS) was a system managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and designed to alert first-responders and civilians in the event of a national emergency. It was based upon and supplemented the Emergency Alert System (EAS) by sending out text, voice, video, and other digital messages to mobile phones, pagers, radios, and televisions.
Although the Emergency Alert System and its predecessor, the Emergency Broadcast System and an even earlier predecessor CONELRAD, have always allowed the transmission of both video and audio, there have been limitations that would be eliminated by the DEAS. For example, the DEAS allowed the ability to broadcast "bottomless" audio messages (i.e. a message with no definite ending) and streaming video. It also allowed near-instantaneous transmission without the delays that occur as EAS alerts trickle through the system.
As of 2005, the system was in the final stages of its development with an expected activation and roll-out in southern and eastern states by the end of 2006 and elsewhere by the end of 2007. In 2010, the DEAS project was terminated in favor of FEMA's IPAWS Open Platform for Emergency Networks (OPEN). IPAWS OPEN is a set of securely hosted Web services that enable the routing of standards-compliant emergency messages between disparate third-party applications, systems, networks and devices. As stated by FEMA, reasons for terminating DEAS included concerns over the stability and reliability of some of the underlying products, and the proprietary nature of many of the systems used within DEAS.
However, responding to a mandate included in the WARN act, FEMA continues to utilize a variant of the DEAS architecture for the Commercial Mobile Alerting System (CMAS), also known as the Personal Localized Alerting Network (PLAN). In 2007 and 2008, the Federal Communications Commission proposed and adopted the network structure, operational procedures and technical requirements for the Personal Localized Alerting Network (PLAN) system. It mandates that new cell phones be manufactured with a special chip capable of receiving emergency text messages including alerts issued by the president, information about public safety threats and Amber Alerts for missing children.
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- "US unveils emergency alert system for mobile phones, computers". AFP. 2005-07-12. Archived from the original on 2008-08-28.
- "FEMA: IPAWS Components". Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "PBS WARN Project (Warning, Alert and Response Network)" (pdf). Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Wyatt, Edward (2011-05-09). "Emergency Alert System Expected for Cellphones". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2011-05-26.