Ball State University

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Ball State University
Ball Logo.png
Motto Education Redefined
Established 1918 (details)
Type Public coeducational
Endowment $172 million (2013)[1]
President Dr. Jo Ann Gora
Provost Terry S. King
Academic staff 949[2]
Students 21,053[3]
Undergraduates 16,652[3]
Postgraduates 4,401[3]
Location Muncie, Indiana, US
Campus Small city: 1,140 acres (4.6 km2)[4]
Former names Indiana Normal School – Eastern Division (1918–1922)
Ball Teachers College (1922–1929)
Ball State Teachers College (1929–1961)
Ball State College (1961–1965)
Athletics 19 Div. I/IA NCAA teams
Cardinal and White
Nickname Cardinals
Mascot Charlie Cardinal

Ball State University is a public research university located in Muncie, Indiana, United States. On July 25, 1917, the Ball Brothers, industrialists and founders of the Ball Corporation, acquired the foreclosed Indiana Normal Institute for $35,100 and gifted the school and surrounding land to Indiana. The Indiana General Assembly accepted it in the spring of 1918, with the initial 235 students enrolling at the Indiana State Normal School–Eastern Division on June 17, 1918.

Ball State is classified by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education as a high research activity university[5] and a member of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities.[6] The university is composed of seven academic colleges, including the College of Architecture and Planning, the College of Communication, Information, and Media, the Miller College of Business, and Teachers College. Other institutions include Burris Laboratory School, the Indiana Academy for Science, Mathematics, and Humanities, and the Center for Business and Economic Research.[7]

Total 2013 enrollment consists of 21,053 students, 16,652 undergraduate students and 4,401 graduate students.[3] Ball State University students hail from 48 states, two U.S. territories, 43 countries, and every one of Indiana's 92 counties.[8] The university offers about 180 undergraduate majors and 130 minor areas of study, 175 bachelor's, 103 master's, and 17 doctoral degrees.[9][10] Ball State athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are known as the Ball State Cardinals. The university is a member of the Mid-American Conference.


The Ball Brothers from left to right: George A. Ball, Lucius L. Ball, Frank C. Ball, Edmund B. Ball, and William C. Ball

The location of today's Ball State University had its start in 1899 as a private school called the Eastern Indiana Normal School. The entire school, including classrooms, library, and the president's residence, were housed in what is now known as Ball State's Frank A. Bracken Administration Building. The one-building school had a peak enrollment of 256 and charged $10 for a year's tuition. It operated until the spring of 1901, when it was closed by its president, F.A.Z. Kumler, due to lack of funding. A year later, in the autumn of 1902, the school reopened as Palmer University for the next three years when Francis Palmer, a retired Indiana banker, gave the school a $100,000 endowment.

Between 1905 and 1907, the school dropped the Palmer name and operated as the Indiana Normal College. It had two divisions, the Normal School for educating teachers and the College of Applied Sciences. The school had an average enrollment of approximately 200 students. Due to a diminishing enrollment and lack of funding, school president Francis Ingler closed Indiana Normal College at the end of the 1906–1907 school year. Between 1907 and 1912, the campus sat unused. In 1912, a group of local investors led by Michael Kelly reopened the school as the Indiana Normal Institute. To pay for updated materials and refurbishing the once-abandoned Administration Building, the school operated under a mortgage from the Muncie Trust Company. Although the school had its largest student body with a peak enrollment of 806, officials could not maintain mortgage payments, and the school was forced to close once again in June 1917 when the Muncie Trust Company initiated foreclosure proceedings.

William W. Parsons, first president of the university (1918–1921).

On July 25, 1917, the Ball Brothers, local industrialists and founders of the Ball Corporation, bought the Indiana Normal Institute from foreclosure. The Ball Brothers were also the founders of Ball Memorial Hospital and Minnetrista, as well as the benefactors of Keuka College, founded by their uncle, George Harvey Ball, who shared the family dedication to higher education.[11] For $35,100, the Ball brothers bought the Administration Building and surrounding land. In early 1918, during the Indiana General Assembly's short session, state legislators accepted the gift of the school and the land by the Ball Brothers. The state granted operating control of the Muncie Campus and school buildings to the administrators of the Indiana State Normal School in Terre Haute. That same year, the Marion Normal Institute relocated to Muncie, adding its resources to what would officially be named the Indiana State Normal School, Eastern Division. Incidentally, the former Marion Normal Institute's campus was purchased in 1919 by what would become Indiana Wesleyan University, currently the largest private university in Indiana.

The close relationship between the Balls and the school led to an unofficial moniker for the college as many students, faculty, and local politicians casually referred to the school as "Ball State" as a shorthand alternative to its longer, official name. During the 1922 short session of the Indiana legislature, the state renamed the school as Ball Teachers College. This was in recognition to the Ball family's continuing beneficence to the institution. During this act, the state also reorganized its relationship with Terre Haute and established a separate local board of trustees for the Muncie campus.

In 1924, Ball Teachers College's trustees hired Benjamin J. Burris as the successor to President Linnaeus N. Hines. The Ball brothers continued giving to the university and partially funded the construction of the Science Hall (now called Burkhardt Building) in 1924 and an addition to Ball Gymnasium in 1925. By the 1925–1926 school year, Ball State enrollment reached 991 students: 697 women and 294 men. Based on the school's close relationship with the Ball Corporation, a long-running nickname for the school was "Fruit Jar Tech."[12]

During the regular legislative session of 1929, the General Assembly formally separated the Terre Haute and Muncie campuses of the state teachers college system, but it placed the governing of the Ball State campus under the Indiana State Teachers College Board of Trustees based in Terre Haute.[13] With this action, the school was renamed Ball State Teachers College. The following year, enrollment increased to 1,118, with 747 female and 371 male students.


In 1935, the school added the Fine Arts Building for art, music, and dance instruction (now used by the David Owsley Museum of Art Ball State University and the Geological Science and Social Work departments). Enrollment that year reached 1,151: 723 women and 428 men. As an expression of the many gifts from the Ball family since 1917, sculptor Daniel Chester French was commissioned by Muncie's chamber of commerce to cast a bronze fountain figure to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Ball brothers' gift to the state. His creation, the statue "Beneficence," still stands today between the Administration Building and Lucina Hall where Talley Avenue ends at University Avenue.

In 1961, Ball State became fully independent of Indiana State University through the creation of the Ball State College Board of Trustees.[13] The official name of the school was also changed to Ball State College. The Indiana General Assembly approved the development of a state-assisted architecture program, establishing the College of Architecture and Planning, which opened on March 23, 1965. The Center for Radio and Television (now named the College of Communication, Information, and Media) opened the following year, in 1966.

Recognizing the college's expanding academic curriculum and growing enrollment (10,066 students), the General Assembly approved renaming the school to Ball State University in 1965. Most of the university's largest residence halls were completed during this period of high growth, including DeHority Complex (1960), Noyer Complex (1962), Studebaker Complex (1965), LaFollette Complex (1967), and Johnson Complex (1969). Academic and athletic buildings, including Irving Gymnasium (1962), Emens Auditorium (1964), Cooper Science Complex (1967), Scheumann Stadium (1967), Carmichael Hall (1969), Teachers College Building (1969), Pruis Hall (1972), and Bracken Library (1974), also expanded the university's capacity and educational opportunities.

David Letterman Communication and Media Building dedication ceremony.

The university experienced another building boom beginning in the 2000s, with the openings of the Art and Journalism Building (2001), Shafer Tower (2001), the Music Instruction Building (2004), the David Letterman Communication and Media Building (2007), Park Hall (2007), Kinghorn Hall (2010), Marilyn K. Glick Center for Glass (2010), and the Student Recreation and Wellness Center (2010).[14] Under the university's 14th and current president, Dr. Jo Ann Gora, over $520 million has been committed to current or new construction and renovation projects throughout the Ball State campus.[14] Within the last decade, Ball State University has also adopted Education Redefined as its motto, focusing on "immersive learning" with the goal of engaging students across all academic programs in real-world projects. To date, there have been over 1,250 immersive learning projects, impacting residents in Indiana's 92 counties under the mentoring of faculty from every academic department.[14]

The university has also adopted environmental sustainability as a primary component to the university's strategic plan and vision.[15] Starting in the mid-2000s, all building additions and renovations are designed to meet Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification standards.[16] Ball State announced in 2009 that it would begin construction of the largest geothermal energy conversion project in U.S. history.[17]


Shafer Tower is situated in the newer quadrangle on McKinley Avenue.

Ball State University's campus spans 1,140 acres (4.6 km2)[4] which includes 106 buildings,[18] centered mostly around two main quadrangles. The original quadrangle, "Old Quad", anchors the south end of campus and includes most of the university's earliest academic buildings, Beneficence, and the arboretum, Christy Woods and the Wheeler-Thanhauser Orchid Collection and Species Bank. The newer quadrangle is located to the north and consists of a variety of modern buildings (1960–present), with such landmarks as the Frog Baby Fountain and Shafer Tower. McKinley Avenue, which runs north-south through campus, acts as a spine or axis of activity connecting the two main quadrangles. Most of the university's athletic facilities are located on a large portion of campus in suburban Muncie along McGalliard Road.

York Prairie Creek, also known as Cardinal Creek, begins at the pond outside Park Hall on campus, winding northwest connecting to the Duck Pond before heading west toward the White River. The university's campus includes nearly 8,000 trees of about 625 species.[19]


Most campus facilities feature red or brown brick façades with the exceptions of Elliott and Pruis Halls, each made of Indiana limestone. Completed in 1899 as the university's first building, the Frank A. Bracken Administration Building was built in Neoclassical style with a yellow brick façade.[20] Most campus facilities built prior to 1960 feature Collegiate Gothic architecture, including the Applied Technology Building, Ball Gymnasium, Burris Laboratory School, Fine Arts Building, and L. A. Pittenger Student Center.[20] Modern campus buildings have been built in Brutalist architecture, including the Architecture Building, Bracken Library, and Whitinger Business Building. The Teachers College Building, built in 1968, is the tallest building on campus, at 10 floors and 138 feet (42 m).[21]

Athletic facilities[edit]

A Ball State Cardinals football game at Scheumann Stadium in 2008.

Most of Ball State University's athletic facilities are located on the northernmost portion of campus near the intersection of McGalliard Road and Tillotson Avenue. These include Ball Diamond and Softball Field, Briner Sports Complex, Fisher Football Training Complex, and the 22,500-seat Scheumann Stadium, home to Ball State Cardinals football. The 11,500-seat John E. Worthen Arena anchors the central campus athletic facilities, including the Field Sports Building, the Health and Physical Activity Building, Lewellen Aquatic Center, and the Student Recreation and Wellness Center. Other facilities include the Cardinal Creek Tennis Center and Lucina Tennis Courts.

University Libraries[edit]

The Alexander M. Bracken Library is Ball State University's main library. Completed in 1975, Bracken houses five floors of classrooms, computer labs, private study suites, and video viewing suites. The library provides access to about 2.3 million books, periodicals, microforms, audiovisual materials, software, government publication maps, musical scores, archival records, and other information sources.[22] Bracken Library hosts the Ball State University Digital Media Repository, an open access resource containing over 130,000 digital objects in 64 collections, as well as the Center for Middletown Studies. Branches include the Architecture Library and the Science–Health Science Library. Over 1.1 million visits were made throughout the University Libraries system between 2011 and 2012.[23]

Museum of art[edit]

The Fine Arts Building, home to the David Owsley Museum of Art.

The David Owsley Museum of Art, which has been located in the Fine Arts Building since 1935, is home to some 11,000 works valued at more than $40 million.[24] The museum is currently under renovation that will expand the total exhibition space from 17,179-square-foot (1,596.0 m2) to 27,000-square-foot (2,500 m2).[25] The museum includes works by noted artists Edgar Degas, Childe Hassam, Hokusai, and Andy Warhol.

The Fine Arts Terrace, overlooking the Old Quad, hosts the spring commencement ceremonies annually.[26]

Emens Auditorium[edit]

Built in 1964 with a capacity of 3,575, Emens Auditorium serves as the cultural center for Ball State University and the Muncie community, hosting many events annually, ranging from music concerts to Broadway musicals to guest lecturers.


North Quad Building houses offices for Academic Advising and the College of Sciences and Humanities, among others.

Degree programs[edit]

Ball State University offers seven associate degrees, 178 bachelor's, 99 master's, two specialist degrees, and 17 doctoral degrees through seven academic colleges. In 2012–2013, the average campus class size was 32 students, with a student-to-teacher ratio of 16 to 1.[27]

Ball State University has been accredited by The Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools continuously since 1925.[28]



University rankings
Forbes[30] 558
U.S. News & World Report[31] 184
Washington Monthly[32] 248

Intel Corporation ranked Ball State as the "most unwired" campus in the nation in 2005. The university's academic and administrative buildings, residence halls, and green spaces have wireless access fed by 625 Wi-Fi access points.[33] The university was ranked eighth by U.S. News & World Report's "up-and-coming" colleges and universities in 2011.[34]

Architect magazine ranked the university's Department of Architecture in the top three nationally for digital design and fabrication and one of six schools committed to social justice in the United States in 2010.[35] In 2007, Planetizen ranked the urban planning and historic preservation programs 17th and seventh in the nation, respectively.[36]

U.S. News & World Report has ranked the Miller College of Business' entrepreneurial management program in the top 15 in the nation since 1999.[37] Ball State University students and faculty have earned 43 Emmys and 126 Regional Emmy nominations.[38] The Teachers College graduate program was ranked 81st in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2013.[39] The Indiana Academy for Science, Mathematics, and Humanities and Burris Laboratory School have been included in Newsweek 's "Best High Schools" as recently as 2013.

Student life[edit]

Student body[edit]

The Pride of Mid-America Marching Band is the largest student group on campus, with 200 members.

As of the 2012–2013 school year, Ball State University's student population primarily consisted of Indiana residents (85.5 percent) with 14.5 percent being nonresidents.[40] 59.3 percent of the student body is female.[40] The university is selective, only admitting 67.5 percent of applicants.[4] There are 381 student organizations on campus.[4]


Completed in 2010, Kinghorn Hall is the newest student housing addition to campus.

Ball State University operates 31 residence halls within 11 complexes, housing 7,550 students.[41] These include DeHority Complex (Beeman, DeMotte, Tichenor, and Trane Halls), Elliott Hall, Johnson Complex (Botsford and Swinford Halls in Johnson A and Schmidt and Wilson Halls in Johnson B), Kinghorn Hall, LaFollette Complex (Brayton, Clevenger, Knotts, Edwards, Mysch, Hurst, Woody, Shales, and Shively Halls), Noyer Complex (Howick, Williams, Baker, and Klipple Halls), Park Hall, Studebaker East (Menk and Hurlbut Halls), Studebaker West (Palmer, Davidson, Painter, and Whitcraft Halls), Wagoner Complex (Burkhardt and Jeep Halls), and Woodworth Complex (Brady, Wood, Crosley, and Rogers Halls). The university also operates on-campus apartments, including Anthony Apartments and Scheidler Apartments. All residence halls are coed, with the exception of Woodworth Complex which is female-only.


The Ball State Daily News is a student newspaper with a daily circulation of 8,000 copies in the fall and spring semesters, publishing on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays during the summer semester.[42] Ball Bearings is a student magazine published four times throughout the school year.[43]

WWHI, branded as WCRD, is a non-commercial radio station operated by Ball State students from the David Letterman Communication and Media Building. WIPB, East Central Indiana's Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member station, broadcasts from the Ball Communication Building. The university is also home to WBSU-TV, a public-access television cable TV station.

Another program offered by the Journalism Department since 1976 is Cardinal Communications, a full-service student-run public relations and advertising firm.[44]

Honor Societies[edit]

Greek life[edit]

As of March 2014, Ball State University is home to 34 Greek letter organizations on campus. Membership has increased to 2,022, or 12.3 percent of all university undergraduate students participating in fraternities or sororities.[45]


Ball State competes in the following NCAA sports[46]
Men's sports Women's sports
Sport Conference Sport Conference
Basketball I MAC Basketball I MAC
Golf I MAC Golf I MAC
Swimming I MAC Swimming I MAC
Tennis I MAC Tennis I MAC
Volleyball I MIVA Volleyball I MAC
Baseball I MAC Softball I MAC
Football I MAC Soccer I MAC
Field hockey I MAC
Gymnastics I MAC
Indoor Track & Field I MAC
Outdoor Track & Field I MAC
Cross country I MAC
Ball State Cardinals logo

Ball State competes in the NCAA Division I/IA and is part of the Mid-American Conference (MAC) in all sports except for men's volleyball, where it competes in the Midwestern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association (MIVA).

Bill Scholl was named Director of Intercollegiate Athletics in April 2012 after 23 years in the Notre Dame University athletic department.

Ball State Cardinals football was established in the 1924 season and has a 431–384–32 record as of February 2014. Ball State has won 10 conference championships in football, most recently in 1996, and has appeared in six NCAA Division I postseason bowl games, most recently in 2014 playing Arkansas State University in the GoDaddy Bowl; the Cardinals have an 0–7 record for bowl game appearances. Ball State annually competes against conference rival Northern Illinois, playing for the Bronze Stalk Trophy; Ball State holds a 1–5 record in the contest. Pete Lembo is the current head coach, a position he has held since 2011.

Ball State Cardinals men's basketball began in 1920. Although there was little success in the program from its start until the 1970s, the next two decades would be the highlight of the program's performance. Ball State became a powerhouse in the Mid-American Conference, winning a record seven MAC tournaments and with subsequent appearances in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament between 1981 and 2000. The Cardinals' most successful year was 1990, when the team reached the Sweet Sixteen but lost to eventual national champion UNLV, 69-67. The team's last NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament appearance was in 2000. James Whitford became head coach in 2013.

Charlie Cardinal is Ball State's mascot, modeled after Indiana's state bird, the Northern Cardinal.


Park Hall (shown under construction in 2007) was one of the first LEED certified buildings on campus.

Ball State has adopted environmental sustainability as a primary component to the university's strategic plan and vision.[47] Starting in the mid-2000s, all building additions and renovations are designed to meet Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification standards. Standards include environmentally-friendly site selection, energy and water efficiency, materials selection, and indoor environmental quality, among others.[48] The university diverts 20 percent of its waste from landfills through recycling efforts[49] and also invests in hybrid vehicles, hybrid-electric shuttle buses, and vehicles that use E85.[50]

At Spring 2009 Commencement, President Jo Ann Gora, alongside Indiana Senator Richard Lugar, announced Ball State's plan for the largest geothermal energy project in the United States.[51] Ball State has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by nearly 80,000 tons annually through the installation of a $65 million geothermal heating and cooling system and the closing of all four coal-fired boilers on campus. The move is expected to save the university $2 million in fuel costs annually. The geothermal system will consist of 4,000 boreholes 4 inches (10 cm)-5 inches (13 cm) in diameter and two energy stations on campus. Approximately 1,800 of the boreholes are complete,[52] along with the first energy station, all located on the north end of campus. The remainder of the boreholes and the second energy station will be located on the south end of campus near Christy Woods and existing coal-fired boilers. The system will consist of two underground loops, one hot (150 °F (66 °C)) and one cold (42 °F (6 °C)), to circulate water for heating and cooling throughout campus.[53]

President Jo Ann Gora is a founding member of the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, an initiative taken by several colleges to address climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions on their campuses.[54] In 2011, the Sustainable Endowments Institute gave the university a College Sustainability Report Card grade of "C+."[55]

Since 2007, the David Letterman Communication and Media Building, Marilyn K. Glick Center for Glass, Park Hall, and DeHority Hall have earned LEED Silver certification; Kinghorn Hall, Studebaker East Complex, the Student Recreation and Wellness Center, and District Energy Station North have all earned LEED Gold certification.[56] The university's first green roof was installed on the North District Energy Station in 2011,[57] while a second smaller green roof was installed on the second floor of the Architecture Building in 2013.

Satellite facilities[edit]

Ball State operates two satellite facilities in the state of Indiana: Ball State University Fishers Center and Ball State University Indianapolis Center. Ball State–Fishers is located in Fishers, Indiana, approximately 37 miles (60 km) southwest of the main campus.[58] Opened in 2001 in Downtown Indianapolis, Ball State–Indianapolis serves as an urban laboratory for the College of Architecture and Planning's Master of Urban Design (MUD) and Graduate Certificate in Real Estate Development programs.[59] In 2013, the university announced plans to open an office in Fort Wayne, Indiana, approximately 70 miles (110 km) to the north, to serve with technical assistance, research, and student immersive learning projects.[60]

Notable alumni[edit]

Ball State University includes more than 157,500 active alumni.[61]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Ball State University". Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "FactBook 2012–2013". Ball State University. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Ball State University". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Carnegie Classification Ball State University Profile". 
  6. ^ "Members by State & Territories". AASCU. 
  7. ^ "Colleges and Departments". Ball State University. 
  8. ^ "Students/Enrollment". Ball State University. 
  9. ^ "Majors". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  10. ^ "Academic Programs". Ball State University. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  11. ^ Anthony O. Edmonds and E. Bruce Geelhoed, Ball State University: An Interpretive History (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2001), p.51.
  12. ^ Perspective (Ball State University alumni magazine), January 2005. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Indiana State University History and Traditions". Indiana State University. 
  14. ^ a b c "Office of the President: Biography". Ball State University. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  15. ^ "UniSustainStatement". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  16. ^ "Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  17. ^ "Sen. Lugar leads off country's largest geothermal energy project". Ball State Newscenter. Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  18. ^ "Campus Facilities". Ball State University. 
  19. ^ "Tree Nursery". Ball State University. 
  20. ^ a b "Administration Building". Ball State University. 
  21. ^ "Teachers College". Emporis. 
  22. ^ "Special Programs". Ball State University. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  23. ^ "University Libraries' Performance Summary against Goals: 2011-2012". Ball State University. 
  24. ^ "David Owsley Museum of Art". City of Muncie, Indiana. 
  25. ^ "Museum Renovation". Ball State University. 
  26. ^ "Arts Terrace". Ball State University. 
  27. ^ "Fact Book: Academic Programs". Ball State University. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  28. ^ "Ball State University". The Higher Learning Commission. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  29. ^ "World University Rankings". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  30. ^ "America's Top Colleges". LLC™. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Best Colleges". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  32. ^ "About the Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Ball State University Moves To Head Of The Class In Intel’s Ranking Of The Top 50 "Most Unwired" U.S. Campuses". Intel Corporation. Archived from the original on June 26, 2006. Retrieved December 3, 2006. 
  34. ^ "National Recognition". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  35. ^ "College of Architecture and Planning students win national competition". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  36. ^ "Awards and Achievements". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  37. ^ "Miller College of Business". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  38. ^ "College of Communication, Information, and Media – Telecommunications". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  39. ^ "Teachers College". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  40. ^ a b "FactBook 2012–2013 Enrollment by Gender and Residency". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  41. ^ "Dwelling + Dining". Ball State University. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  42. ^ "The Ball State Daily News". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  43. ^ "Ball Bearings". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  44. ^ "Cardinal Communications". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  45. ^ Berg, Kara (2014-03-17). "New fraternity joins growing Greek Life". The Ball State Daily News. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  46. ^ "Ball State University Profile". NCAA. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2007. 
  47. ^ "UniSustainStatement". Ball State University. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)". Ball State University. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  49. ^ "2008 Green College Report". Kiwi Magazine. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Green Campus". Ball State University. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  51. ^ "Sen. Lugar leads off country's largest geothermal energy project". Ball State Newscenter. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  52. ^ Joshi, Monika (2012-04-20). "Green schools that go beyond basics". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  53. ^ "Going Geothermal FAQ". Ball State University. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  54. ^ "Mission and History". ACUPCC. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  55. ^ "College Sustainability Report Card 2011". Sustainable Endowments Institute. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Our Commitment to the Environment". Ball State University. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Greening the campus from the top down". Ball State University. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Fishers Center". Ball State Unviersity. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  59. ^ "About the Center". Ball State Unviersity. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  60. ^ Slabaugh, Seth (2013-10-06). "BSU to open office in Fort Wayne". The Star Press. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  61. ^ "Alumni". Ball State University. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ball, Edmund F., From fruit jars to satellites: The story of Ball Brothers Company, Incorporated, Newcomen Society, 1960
  • Ball State University, The Elisabeth Ball Collection of paintings, drawings, and watercolors: Ball State University Art Gallery, January 15 – February 26, 1984, Indiana University Press, 1984, ISBN 0-915511-00-2
  • Birmingham, Frederic A., Ball Corporation, the first century, Curtis Publishing, 1980, ISBN 0-89387-039-0
  • Bullock, Kurt E., Ball State University: A sense of place, Ball State University Alumni Association, 1993, ISBN 0-937994-25-1
  • Edmonds, Anthony O., & Geelhoed, E. Bruce, Ball State University: An Interpretive History, Indiana University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-253-34017-9
  • Hoover, Dwight W., Middletown revisited, Ball State University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-937994-18-9

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°11′54″N 85°24′32″W / 40.1983223°N 85.40894318°W / 40.1983223; -85.40894318