Digital Molecular Matter

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Digital Molecular Matter (DMM)
Developer(s) Pixelux
Stable release 1.0 / May 2010
Operating system Unix, Linux, Mac, Windows, Xbox 360, PS3
License Proprietary
Website http://www.pixelux.com/

Digital Molecular Matter, better known as simply DMM, is a proprietary middleware physics engine developed by Pixelux for generating realistic destruction and deformation effects. The offline version can support high-resolution simulations for use in movie special effects. The real-time version is designed for computer, video games, and other simulation needs by attempting to simulate physical real-world systems. Unlike traditional realtime simulation engines which tend to be based on rigid body kinematics, the use of FEA allows DMM to simulate a large set of physical properties. Developers can assign physical properties to a given object (or portion of an object) which allow the object to behave as it would in the real world (e.g. ice, gummy bear, etc.) In addition the properties of objects (or even just parts of objects) can be changed at runtime allowing for additional interesting effects.

DMM can be authored or used in Maya or 3ds Max to create simulation-based visual effects.

Platform availability[edit]

DMM is available and optimized for Microsoft's Windows, Xbox 360, Sony's PlayStation 3, Apple's Mac OS X, and Linux.

Function[edit]

DMM is a physical simulation system which models the material properties of objects allowing them to break and bend in accordance to the stress placed on them. Structures modeled with DMM can break and bend if they are not physically viable. Objects made of glass, steel, stone and jelly are all possible to create and simulate in real-time with DMM. The system accomplishes this by running a finite element simulation that computes how the materials would actually behave.

Use[edit]

DMM has been used in LucasArts's Star Wars: The Force Unleashed, and was used again for Star Wars: The Force Unleashed II.[1]

Plugins for Autodesk Media & Entertainment's 3ds Max and Maya animation software are also available. The plugin for Maya is included built into Maya 2012.[2]

DMM has been integrated with Gamebryo, Trinigy Vision Engine, Irrlicht, OGRE, and other game engines.

The Moving Picture Company has integrated DMM into their internal software pipeline known as Kali.[3]

Movies Using DMM[edit]

Several movies have made use of DMM for generating offline special effects. These include:

  • "Sucker Punch" (2011)- Stone floor and statues, wooden pillars, building exterior, and other elements in the Temple Scene - MPC[5][6][7]
  • "Lone Ranger"
  • "Thousandth Street"
  • "Godzilla"
  • "Seventh Son"
  • "X-Men : Days of Future Past"
  • "47 Ronin"
  • "Pompeii"
  • "Maleficent"
  • "Amazing Spider-Man 2" - Times Square Billboards - Sony Pictures Imageworks. [23]
  • "Guardians of the Galaxy"

Television Shows, Shorts, and Commercials using DMM[edit]

  • Trauma (episode 1) - Metal railing bending when helicopter crashes into building - Stargate Digital
  • Terminex commercials by Vando Studio:
    • "Beam"
    • "Houses Destruction"
    • "Slimy Octopus"
    • "Hanging Bug"
    • "Egg" (Vimeo)
    • "Hallway" (Vimeo)
  • Henessy XO commercial
  • Enel Power Company commercials: "Stone Smash on Lightbulb",[26] "Hammer Smash on Lightbulb"[27]- Trizz Studio

Development[edit]

The DMM tools and middleware were developed for film and game effects by Pixelux Entertainment over a 6.5 year period starting in 2004. From 2005 through 2008, Pixelux's real-time version of DMM technology was exclusive to LucasArts Entertainment[28] as a part of the Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (TFU) project.[29] The FEM system in DMM utilized an algorithm for fracture and deformation developed by University of California, Berkeley professor, James F. O'Brien, as part of his Ph.D. thesis.[30] O'Brien then worked with a development team led by Pixelux CTO, Eric Parker, to develop code suitable for visual effects work and real-time applications.[31] The DMM tools pipeline was designed and implemented by a team led by Mitchell Bunnell, the CEO of Pixelux.

An ARM version of DMM was incorporated by Pixelux into their DMM Touch iPhone/iPad product.[32]

A version of the DMM Plug-In is included by Autodesk in their release of Maya 2012. The DMM Plug-In runs on all versions of Maya on all platforms in both 32 and 64-bit mode.[33]

Technical Citations[edit]

The following technical papers describe the algorithms that DMM is based on and some of the technical details of its implementation:

Technology partners and usage by companies[edit]

Notable companies using the technology include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nowgamer.com/previews/xbox-360/1006/star-wars-the-force-unleashed-2?o=1#listing
  2. ^ http://3dg.me/3d-graphics/maya/autodesk-maya-2012-announced-whats-new
  3. ^ http://www.siggraph.org/s2011/for_attendees/talks/sessions/120
  4. ^ http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~job/Prof._James_F._OBrien/Miscellaneous.html
  5. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjfd-BiaRHE
  6. ^ Cinefex Magazine, issue 125, http://www.cinefex.com/backissues/issue125.html
  7. ^ "Stitching Together Sucker Punch". 2011-03-28. 
  8. ^ Cinefex Magazine, issue 126, http://www.cinefex.com/backissues/issue126.html
  9. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjiOddVzyo0
  10. ^ Cinefex Magazine, issue 126, http://www.cinefex.com/backissues/issue126.html
  11. ^ http://www.artofvfx.com/?p=2196
  12. ^ Cinefex Magazine, issue 127, http://www.cinefex.com/backissues/issue127.html
  13. ^ http://www.artofvfx.com/?p=2061
  14. ^ Cinefex Magazine, issue 129, http://www.cinefex.com/backissues/issue129.html
  15. ^ http://www.artofvfx.com/?p=2491
  16. ^ http://www.fxguide.com/featured/prometheus-rebuilding-hallowed-vfx-space/
  17. ^ Cinefex Magazine, issue 130, page 60, http://www.cinefex.com/backissues/issue130.html
  18. ^ Abraham Lincoln Vampire Hunter - Bridge destruction sequence by Luis Alberto Cayo
  19. ^ Bond’s boldest adventure yet: Skyfall
  20. ^ No small feat: making Jack the Giant Slayer
  21. ^ Inside Die Hard – the 4 biggest effects shots
  22. ^ The Art of VFX
  23. ^ "An appetite for destruction - leading VFX studios share their techniques for creating epic destruction" 3D World, Issue 184. Online Summary
  24. ^ Live. Die. Repeat the effects
  25. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjfd-BiaRHE
  26. ^ http://vimeo.com/37538747
  27. ^ http://vimeo.com/37538439
  28. ^ "Force To Be Reckoned With". 2009-09-01. 
  29. ^ "The Game Has Changed". 2008-03-01. 
  30. ^ "Graphical Modeling and Animation of Fracture". 2000-07-01. 
  31. ^ "Real-Time Deformation and Fracture in a Game Environment". 2009-08-01. 
  32. ^ "DMM Touch on iTunes". 2011-01-17. 
  33. ^ "Autodesk Maya 2012 Software: New Ways to Explore, Refine and Present Creative Concepts". 2011-03-01. 
  34. ^ http://autodeskcatalog.com/mediaentertainment/2009/12/09/digital-molecular-matter-plug-in-2/
  35. ^ http://www.amd.com/us/press-releases/Pages/amd-ecosystem-2010mar8.aspx
  36. ^ http://www.nvidia.com/object/ecosystem_profiles_p4.html
  37. ^ LucasArts And Pixelux Redefine Environmental Realism For Next-Generation Interactive Entertainment
  38. ^ [1]