Digital terrestrial television in Bulgaria

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History[edit]

Bulgaria launched a free-to-air platform on Sofia region, starting in November 2004. The Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC) has said that it received 6 bids for the licence to build and operate Bulgaria's two nationwide DTT networks. A second licence tender for the operation of 3 DTT multiplexes was open until 27 May 2009.[1][2] Following the closing of this process, Hannu Pro, part of Silicon Group, and with Baltic Operations has secured the license to operate three DTT multiplexes in Bulgaria by the country's Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC) Bulgaria is aiming to complete the transition to digital broadcasting in September 2013.[3]

Simulcast[edit]

First regular digital broadcast started on 1 March 2013. Analog broadcasting will be definitely terminated at 1 September 2013. The Simulcast period (time between digital broadcast switch-on and analog broadcast switch-off) will allow people time to buy new integrated Digital TVs or set-top boxes. On 30 September 2013 the simulcast period was officially put to an end.[4]

Technical information[edit]

Standards chosen are DVB-T and MPEG4 AVC/H.264 compression format. DVB-T2 will not be used for now.

Assignment of channels in multiplexes[edit]

DTT of Bulgaria
Multiplex License to operate Channel Owner Type Launch period Aspect ratio Audio language TXT EPG Online
National Free-to-air Televition Network
MUX 1 "NURTS Digital” EAD   Bulgaria Оn Аir Bulgaria Air,
M-Sat Cable etc.
News
Documentary
1 March 2013 — at present 16:9* Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[1]
MUX 2 bTV
BTV-logo.png
Central European Media Enterprises
(bTV Media Group)
General 1 March 2013 — at present 16:9 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[2]
Nova television
Nova logo 2011.jpg
Modern Times Group
(Nova Broadcasting Group)
General 1 March 2013 — at present 4:3 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[3]
Diema Family(+1)**
Diema family-2011 logo.jpg
Modern Times Group
(Nova Broadcasting Group)
series/films
Female-oriented
30 September 2013 — at present 4:3 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
TV7
TV7 logo2012.jpg
Alegro Capital
(7 Media Group)
General 1 March 2013 — at present 4:3/16:9* Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[4]
News7
News7 logo.jpeg
Alegro Capital
(7 Media Group)
News
Documentary
Sport
7 March 2013 — at present
until 7 March 2013
as BBT (Balkan Bulgarian Television)
16:9 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
bTV Lady(+1)**
Btv-lady.png
Central European Media Enterprises
(bTV Media Group)
series/films
Female-oriented
30 September 2013 — 27 May 2014 4:3/16:9* Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
RING.BG(+1)**
Ring.bg.jpg
Central European Media Enterprises
(bTV Media Group)
Sport 30 September 2013 — 27 May 2014 16:9 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
MUX 3
(national
public
channels)
"First Digital” EAD   BNT 1
BNT1 logo.svg
Bulgarian National Television General 1 March 2013 — at present 16:9 Bulgarian Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY[5]
Only for Bulgaria
BNT 1 HD
BNT1 logo.svg
Bulgarian National Television Sport 1 March 2013 — at present 16:9 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
BNT 2
BNT2 logo.png
Bulgarian National Television General
Regional
1 March 2013 — at present 4:3/16:9 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[6]
Only for Bulgaria
BNT HD
BNT HD logo.jpg
Bulgarian National Television Sport 6 February 2014 — at present 16:9 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
BNT World
BNT world.jpg
Bulgarian National Television General
Diaspora
1 March 2013 — 2 March 2013 4:3/16:9* Bulgarian Red XN Red XN Green tickY[7]
Regional Free-to-air Televition Network
MUX BUL12-1
(Regional
for Sofia-grad)
test phase from 2006
"NURTS Bulgaria” AD   BNT 1
BNT1 logo.svg
Bulgarian National Television General 1 March 2013 — at present 4:3/16:9* Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[8]
Only for Bulgaria
Europa TV
Tv evropa.svg
Televizia Evropa AD News 1 March 2013 — at present 4:3 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
The Voice
ТheVoiceTV-logo.png
A.E. Best Success Services Bulgaria Music 1 March 2013 — at present 16:9* (music)
English
Bulgarian
Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[9]
VTV Vesta Holding EAD Ecology
Documentary
1 March 2013 — at present 4:3 Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Green tickY[10]
News7
News7 logo.jpeg
Alegro Capital
(7 Media Group)
News
Documentary
Sport
7 March 2013 — at present
until 7 March 2013
as BBT (Balkan Bulgarian Television)
16:9* Bulgarian Red XN Green tickY Red XN
— Free-to-air Channels — Switched-off Channels SDTV HDTV

* On these channels, the aspect ratio is constantly signaled as 4:3. The viewer has to set it to 16:9 manually - most widescreen programs include a special "16:9" watermark in one of the screen corners. BNT 2 is the only channel that changes aspect ratios automatically.
**On these channels, the program they air is one hour behind the actual one.

SFN Allotments in Bulgaria[edit]

DVB-T single-frequency network (SFN) Allotments in Bulgaria
Frequency of Channels by SFN Allotments
Allotment Cities Multiplex Channel
BUL01 - Vidin Belogradchik, Berkovitsa, Vidin, Vratsa, Lom   MUX 1 32
MUX 2 49
MUX 3 53
BUL02 - Pleven Belene, Etropole, Lovech, Mezdra, Pleven, Pravets, Teteven, Troyan, Cherven bryag MUX 1 51
MUX 2 57
MUX 3 41
BUL03 - Ruse Veliko Tarnovo, Gabrovo, Dryanovo, Elena, Rousse, Svishtov, Sevlievo, Tryavna   MUX 1 26
MUX 2 49
MUX 3 58
BUL04 - Shumen Veliki Preslav, Kaspichan, Kotel, Novi Pazar, Popovo, Razgrad, Silistra, Targovishte, Shumen   MUX 1 28
MUX 2 40
MUX 3 51
BUL05 - Varna Beloslav, Byala, Varna, Dobrich, Obzor, Provadia, Tervel, Shabla   MUX 1 22
MUX 2 29
MUX 3 27
BUL06 - Burgas Aytos, Ahtopol, Bourgas, Malko Tarnovo, Nesebar, Primorsko, Tsarevo   MUX 1 42
MUX 2 47
MUX 3 55
BUL07 - Stara Zagora Elhovo, Karnobat, Nova Zagora, Sliven, Stara Zagora   MUX 1 22
MUX 2 37
MUX 3 64
BUL08 - Kardzhali Dimitrovgrad, Ivailovgrad, Kardzhali, Svilengrad, Harmanli, Haskovo   MUX 1 26
MUX 2 42
MUX 3 45
BUL09 - Plovdiv Kazanlak, Kostenets, Panagyurishte, Plovdiv   MUX 1 25
MUX 2 35
MUX 3 41
BUL10 - Smolyan Batak, Velingrad, Dospat, Zlatograd, Smolyan   MUX 1 34
MUX 2 49
MUX 3 58
BUL11 - Sofia Breznik, Dupnitsa, Zemen, Kyustendil, Samokov, Svoge, Sofia, Tran   MUX 1 23
MUX 2 40
MUX 3 52
BUL12 - Sofia-grad Sofia   MUX 1 23
MUX 2 40
MUX 3 52
MUX BUL12-1 64
BUL13 - Blagoevgrad Blagoevgrad, Gotse Delchev, Melnik, Razlog, Rila, Yakoruda   MUX 1 31
MUX 2 29
MUX 3 33
BUL14 - Varna-grad Varna   MUX 1 22
MUX 2 29
MUX 3 27
BUL15 - Strandzha ///   MUX 1 42
MUX 2 47
MUX 3 55
  1. ^ "Комисия За Регулиране На Съобщенията". Crc.bg. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  2. ^ Webfactory www.webfactory.ie. "Digital Video Broadcasting — Bulgaria". DVB. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  3. ^ "Bulgarian DTT woes continue". Broadband TV News. 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  4. ^ http://dnes.dir.bg/news/televizia-tzifrovizatzia-izbori2013-tzifrov-signal-15122672?nt=4