Digital terrestrial television in Finland
Digital terrestrial television in Finland was launched on August 21, 2001. The analogue networks continued its broadcasts alongside the digital ones until September 1, 2007, when they were shut down nationwide.
Before the analogue switchoff, the terrestrial network had three multiplexes: MUX A, MUX B and MUX C. MUX A contained the channels of the public broadcaster Yleisradio and MUX B was shared between the two commercial broadcasters: MTV3 and Nelonen. MUX C contained channels of various other broadcasters. After the analogue closedown, a fourth multiplex named MUX E was launched.
There are also several pay channels. These are sold only by PlusTV.
The official launch took place on August 21, 2001. Under the original plans the channel's available would be, other than the four analogue ones: Yle's news channel (YLE24), Yle's cultural and educational channel (YLE Teema), Yle's Swedish channel (FST), a regional station (CityTV), a sports channel (Urheilukanava), a film channel from Helsinki Media (Elokuvakanava), a "school channel" from WSOY (Alfa+), a lifestyle channel (Wellnet) and Canal+.
The Yle's channels, MTV3, Nelonen and Urheilukanava (later renamed Nelonen Sport) were on board from the start. WSOY eventually decided to withdraw from the project without launching their channel, as did Canal+ and Elokuvakanava. CityTV eventually turned into the entertainment channel SubTV.
Canal Digital launched pay television with three Canal+ channels in March 2004. A fourth Canal+ channel, Canal+ Sport was added in November. The Disney Channel was added in April 2006 and KinoTV, Eurosport, Discovery, MTV and Nickelodeon in September 2007. In September 2008 the rival operator PlusTV got exclusive rights to all, but CANAL+ channels and Canal Digital was left with them only. The last move in Canal Digital's antenna operations in Finland took place on September 16, 2009, when PlusTV got exclusive rights to CANAL+ channels too. Nowadays Canal Digital operates only via satellite.
Both packages got more channels with the launch of MUX E in September 2007: SVT Europa and MTV3 Fakta was added to PlusTV and KinoTV was added to Canal Digital, while Discovery Channel, Eurosport, MTV Finland and Nickelodeon were added to both packages.
On the digital platform, subtitling isn't a part of the video stream, but is delivered as a separate data stream, which allows subtitling in multiple languages and the option to remove subtitles. Due to technical problems with the subtitles, many people cancelled their television licenses. This meant that Yle had to make drastic budget cuts. The digital channel YLE Extra was closed on December 31, 2007 and was replaced by YLE TV1+, a simulcast of TV1 with subtitles included in the video stream. TV1+ was replaced by SVT Europa in September 2008.
PlusTV took over Canal Digital's basic channel package ParempiTV on October 1, 2008. This meant that subscriptions for all pay channels were handled by PlusTV, with the exception of the Canal+ channels, which were still sold by Canal Digital.
- "Preparatory work of digital tv progresses on schedule". DigiTV. 2000.
- "Yhden toimiluvan saaneen vetäytyminen digi-tv:stä valitettavaa". August 22, 2001.
- "Canal+ siirtää televisiokanaviensa maanpäällisen digitaalisen lähetystoiminnan aloittamista Suomessa". DigiTV. December 7, 2001.
- "CANAL+-kanavat aloittavat maanpäällisessä digiverkossa". DigiTV. December 1, 2003.
- "CANAL+:lle toimilupamuutos: Canal+ Sport myös maanpäälliseen digitelevisioon". DigiTV. October 28, 2004.
- "Uusi urheilukanava digitelevisioon - CANAL+SPORT aloittaa digi-tv:ssä". DigiTV. November 9, 2004.
- "Maanpäällisen digi-tv-verkon ohjelmatarjonta kasvaa - Disney Channel osaksi CANAL+ -pakettia". April 10, 2006.
- "MTV3’s pay TV film channel to be available in April" (Press release). PlusTV. February 23, 2007.
- "Urheilukanava aloittaa maksu-tv-toimintansa Suomessa PlusTV:n paketissa" (Press release). PlusTV. May 28, 2007.
- SVT Europa i hela Finland, Vasabladet, December 20, 2007
- "PlusTV takes on Canal Digital subs". broadbandtvnews. September 3, 2008.
- "Canal69 poistuu AntenniTV:stä". August 7, 2009.
- "URHOtv aloittaa lähetykset antenniverkossa 10. syyskuuta". DigiTV. August 24, 2009.