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Skeletal formula of dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene
IUPAC name
Dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene[citation needed]
Systematic IUPAC name
Imidazolidin-2-ylidene[citation needed]
ChemSpider 11350507 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
Molar mass 70.09 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene is a hypothetical organic compound with formula C3H6N2. It would be a heterocyclic compound, formally derived from imidazolidine with two hydrogen atoms removed from carbon number 2, leaving two vacant chemical bonds — which makes it a carbene.

Although carbenes in general are extremely short-lived, some derivatives of this compound are surprisingly stable, and form an important class of the persistent carbenes. They include the first stable carbenes postulated (but not isolated) by Hans-Werner Wanzlick around 1960.[1][2][3]

Wanzlick's mechanism for the reaction of dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene with electrophiles
1,3-Dimesityl-imidazol-4,5-dihydro-2-ylidene, a stable carbene without delocalization around the ring containing the carbenic carbon.
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They also include an example of the (saturated) imidazolin-2-ylidene (carbene) reported by A.J. Arduengo in 1995.[4]


  1. ^ H.-W. Wanzlick and E. Schikora (1960). "Ein neuer Zugang zur Carben-Chemie". Angewandte Chemie 72 (14): 494. doi:10.1002/ange.19600721409. 
  2. ^ H.-W. Wanzlick and E. Schikora (1960). "Ein nucleophiles Carben". Chemische Berichte 94 (9): 2389–2393. doi:10.1002/cber.19610940905. 
  3. ^ H.-W. Wanzlick (1962). "Aspects of Nucleophilic Carbene Chemistry". Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1 (2): 75. doi:10.1002/anie.196200751. 
  4. ^ A. J. Arduengo, III, H. V. R. Dias, R. L. Harlow, and M. Kline (1992). "Electronic stabilization of nucleophilic carbenes". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114 (14): 5530. doi:10.1021/ja00040a007.