Dihydropyrimidinase

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dihydropyrimidinase
Identifiers
EC number 3.5.2.2
CAS number 9030-74-4
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a dihydropyrimidinase (EC 3.5.2.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

5,6-dihydrouracil + H2O \rightleftharpoons 3-ureidopropanoate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 5,6-dihydrouracil and H2O, whereas its product is 3-ureidopropanoate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, those acting on carbon-nitrogen bonds other than peptide bonds, specifically in cyclic amides. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 5,6-dihydropyrimidine amidohydrolase. Other names in common use include hydantoinase, hydropyrimidine hydrase, hydantoin peptidase, pyrimidine hydrase, and D-hydantoinase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: pyrimidine metabolism, beta-alanine metabolism, and pantothenate and coa biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 10 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1GKP, 1GKQ, 1GKR, 1NFG, 1YNY, 2FTW, 2FTY, 2FVK, 2FVM, and 2GSE.

References[edit]

  • Brooks KP, Jones EA, Kim BD, Sander EG (1983). "Bovine liver dihydropyrimidine amidohydrolase: purification, properties, and characterization as a zinc metalloenzyme". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 226 (2): 469–83. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(83)90316-8. PMID 6639068. 
  • EADIE GS, BERNHEIM F, BERNHEIM ML (1949). "The partial purification and properties of animal and plant hydantoinases". J. Biol. Chem. 181 (2): 449–58. PMID 15393763.