This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the hydro-lyases, which cleave carbon-oxygen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutanoate hydro-lyase (3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate-forming). Other names in common use include
Kanamori M, Wixom RL (Mar 1963). "Studies in valine biosynthesis. V. Characteristics of the purified dihydroxyacid dehydratase from spinach leaves". The Journal of Biological Chemistry238: 998–1005. PMID13962154.
Myers JW (May 1961). "Dihydroxy acid dehydrase: an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of isoleucine and valine". The Journal of Biological Chemistry236: 1414–8. PMID13727223.