Dikson (urban-type settlement)

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Dikson (English)
Диксон (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement  -
Work settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Krasnoyarsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia
Dikson is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Dikson
Dikson
Location of Dikson in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Coordinates: 73°30′N 80°31′E / 73.500°N 80.517°E / 73.500; 80.517Coordinates: 73°30′N 80°31′E / 73.500°N 80.517°E / 73.500; 80.517
Coat of Arms of Dikson rayon (Taymyria).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnoyarsk Krai
Administrative district Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 676 inhabitants[1]
Time zone KRAT (UTC+08:00)[2]
Founded 1915[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 647340
Dialing code(s) +7 39152[citation needed]
Dikson on WikiCommons

Dikson (Russian: Диксон) is an urban locality (a work settlement) in Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. Population: 676 (2010 Census);[1] 1,198 (2002 Census);[4] 4,489 (1989 Census).[5]

Location[edit]

1965 Soviet Union stamp commemorating the 50 year anniversary of the Arctic settlement of Dikson

Dikson is the northernmost port in Russia and one of the northernmost settlements in the world. It is located so far north that one may experience complete darkness with no civil twilight from the 8th of December to the 5th of January. In most major settlements north of the Arctic Circle, there is still substantial twilight during the polar night at midday. It is also one of the most isolated settlements in the world. Dikson is named after a Swedish explorer.

Dikson's inhabitants informally call their settlement a "Capital of the Arctic", a name taken from a popular Soviet song.

The urban-type settlement of Dikson, as well as Dikson Island, were named after Swedish Arctic pioneer Baron Oscar Dickson. Dickson, along with Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Sibiryakov, was the patron of a number of early Arctic expeditions, including Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's Russian Arctic explorations.


Map showing location of Dikson 
The Yenisei watershed, Lake Baikal, and the settlements of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk 

Population[edit]

Demographic Evolution
1989[5] 2002[4] 2005 2007 2008 2010[1]
4,449 1,198 883 742 690 676

Climate[edit]

Dikson has an arctic climate (Köppen ET).

Climate data for Dikson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.8
(35.2)
10.4
(50.7)
22.4
(72.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
17.0
(62.6)
8.1
(46.6)
1.9
(35.4)
0.3
(32.5)
26.9
(80.4)
Average high °C (°F) −22.5
(−8.5)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−13.4
(7.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.9
(35.4)
7.2
(45)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−25
(−13)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−17.2
(1)
−8.3
(17.1)
0.1
(32.2)
3.9
(39)
5
(41)
1.7
(35.1)
−8.4
(16.9)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−11.1
(12)
Average low °C (°F) −29.4
(−20.9)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.1
(35.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−11.1
(12)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
Record low °C (°F) −46.2
(−51.2)
−48.1
(−54.6)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−17.3
(0.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−12.0
(10.4)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−42.8
(−45)
−46.6
(−51.9)
−48.1
(−54.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
27
(1.06)
22
(0.87)
18
(0.71)
20
(0.79)
29
(1.14)
35
(1.38)
44
(1.73)
41
(1.61)
33
(1.3)
22
(0.87)
32
(1.26)
358
(14.09)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.0 22.6 127.1 237.0 189.1 141.0 223.2 139.5 60.0 24.8 0.0 0.0 1,164.3
Source #1: Погода и Климат[6]
Source #2: HKO[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  4. ^ a b "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Погода и Климат - Климат Оймякона" (in Russian). Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Climatological Information for Dikson, Russia". Retrieved August 31, 2011. 

External links[edit]