Dikson Island

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For other uses, see Dikson (disambiguation).
Dikson
Dix2copytb.gif
Location of Dikson at the mouth of the Yenisei
Dikson Island is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Dikson Island
Dikson Island (Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia)
Geography
Coordinates 73°30′25″N 80°32′47″E / 73.50694°N 80.54639°E / 73.50694; 80.54639Coordinates: 73°30′25″N 80°32′47″E / 73.50694°N 80.54639°E / 73.50694; 80.54639
Country
Russia
Krai Krasnoyarsk Krai
Demographics
Population 1100

Dikson Island (Russian: Ди́ксон), initially Dickson, is the name of an island in Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District (Russian: Таймы́рский Долга́но-Не́нецкий райо́н), Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, situated in the Kara Sea near the mouth of the Yenisei River. A nearby urban-type settlement of Dikson, which functions as a port and hydrometeorological centre is located on the mainland across from the island. It is served by the Dikson Airport.

History[edit]

Dikson and Dudinka
Fiftieth anniversary of the urban-type settlement of Dikson. USSR stamp, 1965

Dikson Island and its adjoining urban settlement have been named after Swedish Arctic pioneer Baron Oscar Dickson.[1] In the 17th century the island was known as Dolgy ("long") island, or Kuzkin, after its Pomor discoverer.[1] In 1875, the Finnish explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld renamed it for the wealthy Swedish merchant and philanthropist of Scottish origin Oskar Dickson.[1] The name was soon Russified, by dropping the "c".[1] Dikson has been the official name of the island since 1884.[1] Oscar Dickson, along with Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Sibiryakov, had been the patron of a number of early Arctic expeditions, including Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's Russian Arctic explorations.

In 1915 the island became the site of the first Russian radio station in the Arctic. The seaport on the mainland was built in 1935, and in 1957 the two settlements were merged into one.[1]

During World War II the town was bombarded by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer in August 1942 during Operation Wunderland.

Climate[edit]

Dikson has a severe Arctic tundra climate (Köppen climate classification ET). The weather (even in the warmest month, August) is notoriously unpleasant. Winter in Dikson lasts ten months, and for two of those months the sun never rises.

Climate data for Ostrov Dikson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.7
(36.9)
10.4
(50.7)
22.2
(72)
26.8
(80.2)
23.8
(74.8)
17.0
(62.6)
8.1
(46.6)
1.9
(35.4)
0.3
(32.5)
26.8
(80.2)
Average high °C (°F) −21.3
(−6.3)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−13.3
(8.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
2.3
(36.1)
7.9
(46.2)
7.8
(46)
3.3
(37.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
−14.2
(6.4)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−8.1
(17.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.7
(−12.5)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−22.2
(−8)
−17.2
(1)
−7.8
(18)
0.3
(32.5)
4.9
(40.8)
5.5
(41.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−17.5
(0.5)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−11.1
(12)
Average low °C (°F) −28.1
(−18.6)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−10.1
(13.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.7
(36.9)
3.7
(38.7)
0.2
(32.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−13.7
(7.3)
Record low °C (°F) −46.2
(−51.2)
−48.1
(−54.6)
−45.3
(−49.5)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−17.3
(0.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−12.0
(10.4)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−42.8
(−45)
−46.6
(−51.9)
−48.1
(−54.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
27
(1.06)
25
(0.98)
20
(0.79)
21
(0.83)
28
(1.1)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.57)
44
(1.73)
36
(1.42)
27
(1.06)
37
(1.46)
376
(14.8)
Avg. rainy days 0 0 0 1 2 13 19 21 17 5 0.2 0 78
Avg. snowy days 21 19 19 19 24 16 4 3 15 27 22 20 209
 % humidity 83 83 84 84 87 90 89 90 88 87 86 83 86
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.0 24.0 128.0 238.0 188.0 140.0 224.0 138.0 61.0 27.0 2.0 0.0 1,170
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[2]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[3]
Climate graph of 1918-2012 air average temperatures at Dikson

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f The Darkness of Dikson Island, Author unknown, russia-channel.com
  2. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net (Weather and Climate-The Climate of Dikson Island)" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Dikson Island Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2012. 

External Sources[edit]