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Yûnis Reuf (1918–1948) known as Dildar, was a Kurdish poet and political activist. He was born on February 20, 1918 in the town of Koye Koi Sanjaq located in the Mosul Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire (present-day: in Arbil Governorate). first he started school at [Ranye]. After finishing high school in Kirkuk, he moved to Baghdad, where he studied Law. in 1945 he finished law school. [1] He wrote Ey Reqîb (Kurdish national anthem) in 1938, when he was in prison. Dildar died young at the age of 31 of heart problems[citation needed]. However, he lived[citation needed] to see his poem "Ey Reqîb" adopted as the Kurdish national anthem.

"Ey Reqîb" was first played and sung in 1946 on the proclamation of a short-lived Kurdistan republic in Mahabad. Today the song is played as the official anthem of Iraqi Kurdistan.[2]


  1. ^ "Dildar is not dead he is alive". Kurdistani Nwe (in Kurdish Sorani). June 19, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2015. 
  2. ^ KRG. "Flag and national anthem". cabinet.gov.krd. KRG. Retrieved 21 March 2015.