Dildar Ali Naseerabadi
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Ayatollah Syed Dildar Ali Naseerabadi (مولانا سيد دلدار على نصيرابادى) - also known as (غفران ماب نصيرابادى) Ghufran-Ma'ab Naseerabadi (1753-1820) was a Shia scholar of India who originated from a family of scholars from the village of Nasirabad, Raibareli, 32 km from their District Raebareli, in Uttar Pradesh, India.
The title "Ghufran Ma'ab Nasirabadi" was bestowed on him by scholars in Najaf, Iraq and means "the one who lives in heaven" due to his scholarly attributes. Among them, his most well known work is "Imad-ul-Islâm", in Arabic, which is a refutation of the anti-Shia arguments used by the famous Fakhr al-Din al-Razi.
He is popularly known as Ghufran Ma'ab, and was the son of Seyyid Muhammad Muin bin Seyyid Abdul Hadi. It would seem that his family, like many other Seyyid families, left Nishapur (Iran) because of the Mongol invasion and settled in India. He was born in 1166 AH. He completed his early studies in India, and in 1193 AH travelled to Iraq for further studies. Among his tutors in Iraq were great Fuqaha like Shaikh Ja'far Kashiful Ghita, and Wahid Behbehani. Later, he went to Mashhad (Iran) for further studies.
Seyyid Dildar Ali Nasirabadi, while in India, was of Akhbari persuasion, but he changed to Usuli school after his intensive studies in Iraq. Upon his return to Lucknow, he became a Marja' in India, his fatwas being regarded as final by the Shia populace.
His magnum opus in Theology (IlmulKalam) is known as "ImadulIslam" which he wrote in Arabic, in refutation of anti-Shia arguments by Fakhru al-Din Razi. His detailed work in FIQH is 'MUNTAHAL AFKAR'. His sons were also pious, dedicated scholars and teachers.
Seyyid Dildar Ali Nasirabadi died in the night of 19th Rajab 1235 (2 May 1820), and was buried in Lucknow.
There is an Imambargah (A holy building) in his name (Imambara Ghufran Ma'ab) in the city of Lucknow and village-Nasirabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Sources record that initially Syed Dildar Ali Naqvi was of Akhbari tendency but when he travelled to Najaf, he met scholars of high repute and became an "Usooli". He then travelled back after spending a very long time in Najaf and preached the same in India. He started writing books refuting Akhbarism which led to an extremely heated debate between Akhbaris and Usoolis. He dismounted Akhbarism from its roots and Usoolism took all of the Indian Sub-continent.
Janab Baqar Shams Saheb Qibla has written in his book "Hindustan maiN shiaat ki Tareekh" (page:3)
Ayatullah Gufraan Maab was a sensitive child, who most of the time used to remain silent but he was deep sighted and was mentally very strong. He had great eloquence and was worried about the deteriorating situation of the Shia community in India. It is written in the books of History of Lucknow that once he was under a tree and a light illuminated and sounds roared and said "Dildar Ali go and obtain religious education". the sound repeated several times. finally he decided to go to a religious seminary.
Ayatullah ul Uzma Allama Syed Ali Naqi Naqvi (Naqqan Saheb) in his magazine on Gufraan Maab has mentioned that:
Gufraan Maab (A,R) travelled to several cities throughout Hindustan and arrived in Sandela and become a pupil of Shareh Muslim Mulla Hamad Ullah's son Mulla Haider Ali, In Allahbad Under Syed Ghulam Ali Dakni,and in Bareli from Moulvi Baab Ullah he learned Sarf-o-nahv, maani aur Bayan, logic, philosophy and mathematics. After several years he travelled to Faizabad where he went to see Behrul uloom Moulvi Abdul Ali Sahalvi, where he had great debates on different logical problems. From there he travelled to Lucknow. At this time the ruler of Awadh (Lucknow) was Nawab Asif-ud-Daula and Nawab Sarfraz Ud-Daula Mirza Ahsan Raza Khan. They realized that so far there was no prominent Shia scholor in Inidia who could be called Mujtehid. Due to their respect for Gufraan Maab and with the help of the Almighty they sent him to Najaf for further studies.
Completion of higher study and Marjaat
At first he reached Karabal-e-Maulla Irqa where he studied under Aqaay Syed Ali Tabatabai and Aaqa Syed Mehdi Moosvi Sherastani and highest scholar and teacher of these two buzurgs Ayatullah Akbar Aqa Baqir Behbani. From there he went to Najaf-e-Ashraf where he studied Asool-e-fiqh and Ilm-e-hadees from Behrul-aloom Ayatullah Syed Mehdi Tabatabai. He thus completed his highest education and left Iraq in the year 1194 (AH). He arrived in Mashad, Iran grasped a lot of uloom from Ayatullah Syed Muhammad Mehdi s/o Ayatullah Syed Hidayatullah Isphahani. He was granted the status of Ayatullah. From there he finally traveled back to India and arrived in Lucknow. The ruler of Lucknow Mirza Hassan Raza requested him to stay in Lucknow and he started to deliver lectures in Lucknow and initiated several projects.
Descendants of Ghufran Ma'ab Nasirabadi
- Ayatullah ul uzma Sultan-ul-ulema Syed Muhammad Saheb Rizwaan Maab
- Ayatullah ul Uzma Syed Ul-ulema Syed Hussain saheb illeen makan.
- Alam-ul-Ulama Ayatullah Al Uzma (Allama Syed Sibt-e-Hussain Naqvi
- Ayatullah Syed Ahmed Allama Hindi.
- Ayatullah ul Uzma Syed Ibrahim Saab Qibla
- Ayatullah ul Uzma Syed Taqi Saheb Jannat maab
- Syed-ul-Ulama Ayatullah Syed Ali Naqi Naqvi
- Ayatullah Mohsin ul Millat Moulana Syed Muhammad Mohsin ul Naqvi Saheb Qibla Mujtahid, Founder Al Mohsin, ST-19, Block 16, F.B. Area Karachi Main Rashid Minhas Road
- Allama Syed Naseer Ijtehadi
- Mujtahid Maulana Syed Aqa Hasan,
- Maulana Syed Kalbe Hussain,
- Maulana Syed Kalbe Abid
- Maulana Syed Hasan Naqvi (Malaaz-ul-Ulama).
- Maulana Syed Aga Mehdi Saheb Qibla
- Mujtahid Maulana Syed Muhammad Hussain Naqvi Saheb Qibla
- Ayatullah Syed-ul-Ulama Syed Ali Muhammad Naqvi Saheb Qibla Mujtahid
- Maulana Dr. Syed Kalb-e-Sadiq Saheb.
- Mulana Hassan Zafar Naqvi Saheb.
- Maulana Dr. Mohsin Naqvi Saheb.
- Maulana Sayyed Kalb-e-Jawwad Saheb.