Dillenia

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Dillenia
Leaves & Buds I IMG 8416.jpg
Dillenia indica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: unplaced
Family: Dilleniaceae
Genus: Dillenia
L.[1][2]
Type species
Dillenia indica[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Lenidia Thouars
Neowormia Hutch. & Summerh.
Reifferscheidia C.Presl
Wormia Rottb.

List sources :[2][3]

Dillenia is a genus of about 100 species of flowering plants in the family Dilleniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of southern Asia, Australasia, and the Indian Ocean islands.[4][5]

The genus is named after the German botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius, and consists of evergreen or semi-evergreen trees and shrubs.

Structure[edit]

The leaves are simple and spirally arranged. The flowers are solitary, or in terminal racemes, with five sepals and five petals, numerous stamens, and a cluster of five to 20 carpels; they are superficially similar in appearance to Magnolia flowers.[5]

Selected species[edit]

D. alata Banks ex DC.

D. albertisiana Martelli
D. albiflos (Ridl.) Hoogland
D. andamanica C.E.Parkinson
D. andreana F.Muell.
D. auriculata Martelli
D. beccariana Martelli
D. biflora (A.Gray) Martelli ex Guill.
D. blanchardii Pierre
D. bolsteri Merr.
D. borneensis Hoogland
D. bracteata Wight
D. burbidgei Martelli
D. calothyrsa Diels
D. castaneifolia Martelli
D. catmon Elmer
D. cauliflora Merr.
D. celebica Hoogland
D. crassisepala Martelli
D. crenatifolia Hoogland ex Mabb.
D. cyclopensis Hoogland
D. diantha Hoogland
D. elata Pierre
D. elmeri Merr.
D. elongata Miq.
D. excelsa (Jack) Martelli
D. eximia Miq.
D. fagifolia Hoogland
D. ferruginea(Baill.) Gilg
D. fischeri Merr.
D. floribunda Hook.f. & Thomson

Bark details of Dillenia alata
19th-century illustration of Dillenia reifferscheidia

D. glabra Martelli
D. grandifolia Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thomson
D. guillotii Hochr.
D. hainanensis Merr.
D. harmandii Gagnep.
D. heterosepala Finet & Gagnep.
D. hirta Diels
D. hookeri Pierre ex Gilg
D. indica L.
D. ingens B.L.Burtt
D. insignis (A.C.Sm.) Hoogland
D. insularum Hoogland
D. longipetiolata Diels
D. macrophylla Reinw. ex Blume
D. madagascariensis (Poir.) Martelli
D. magnoliifolia Martelli
D. mansonii (Gage) Hoogland
D. marsupialis Hoogland
D. mattanensis Martelli
D. megalantha Merr.
D. megalophylla Merr.
D. meliosmifolia Hook.f. & Thomson
D. membranifolia (A.Gray) Martelli
D. micrantha Martelli
D. mindanaensis Elmer
D. minor Gilg
D. misorensis Martelli
D. monantha Merr.
D. montana Diels
D. nalagi Hoogland
D. neoebudica Guillaumin
D. oblonga Martelli
D. obovata (Blume) Hoogland
D. ochreata Teijsm. & Binn. ex Martelli
D. ovalifolia Hoogland
D. ovata Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thomson
D. papuana Martelli
D. papyracea Merr.
D. parkinsonii Hoogland
D. parviflora Griff.
D. parvifolia Martelli
D. pauciflora Gilg
D. pedunculata K.Schum. & Lauterb.
D. pentagyna Roxb.
D. philippinensis Rolfe
D. ptempoda (Miq.) Hoogland
D. pulchella Gilg
D. pulcherrima Kurz
D. quercifolia (C.T.White & W.D.Francis ex Lane-Poole) Hoogland
D. radicans Hort. ex Link
D. reifferscheidia Fern.-Vill.
D. reticulata King
D. retusa Thunb.
D. rhizophora Boerl. & Koord.-Schum.
D. salomonensis (C.T.White) Hoogland
D. scabrella (D.Don) Roxb. ex Wall.
D. schlechteri Diels
D. scortechinii King ex Ridl.
D. secunda Hunter ex Ridl.
D. serrata Thunb.
D. sibuyanensis Merr.
D. suffruticosa (Griff. ex Hook.f. & Thomson) Martelli
D. sumatrana Miq.
D. talaudensis Hoogland
D. triquetra (Rottb.) Gilg

D. turbinata Finet & Gagnep.
List source :[4][6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b In: Species Plantarum 1: 535. 1753. "Name - Dillenia L.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved February 20, 2010. Type Specimens: Dillenia indica 
  2. ^ a b GRIN (September 17, 1996). "Dillenia information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Name - Dillenia L. synonyms". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved February 20, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b GRIN. "Species in GRIN for genus Dillenia". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-47494-5. 
  6. ^ "Name - Dillenia L. subordinate taxa". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Query Results for Genus Genus". IPNI. Retrieved February 27, 2010.