Born in the little village of Kamarfadia in Sibsagar, Assam, Dimbeswar Neog  was the eldest child to Manik Chandra Neog and Chandra Prabha. His early education began at Kamarfadia. After his matriculation, he joined Cotton College in Guwahati. He earned his bachelor degree in 1924 after which he pursued Masters in English study. Most of the literary works of Neog were done during the period while, studying at Cotton College. Neog was selected to be the General Secretary of Assam Chatra Sanmelan and remained associated with it from 1921 to 1924. During that period he edited the mouthpiece of Chatra Sanmelan 'Janmabhumi' and 'Milan'. Dimbeswar Neog started his professional life as a teacher in the Sivasagar Government School on April 19, 1925. Later he earned his masters in Assamese in 1940 from Calcutta University.
In 1930, Dimbeswar Neog married Ajaleetora (Xuwonikon), the daughter of writer and Dibrugarh district judge Benudhar Rajkhowa. Dimbeswar and Ajaleetora Neog were blessed with seven children. He died in Assam Medical College after a brief period of illness in 1966.
Neog's contributions to the history of Assamese literature and language is impeccable.He had authored around 100 books. His works ranged from story, verses, novel, drama, history of literature and criticism to folk-literature. Neog is best known as a critic of Assamese literature. According to the Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, two of Neog's works on Assamese literature "made significant contribution to the development of critical assessment in Assamese literature on an academic plane." Neog's approach to literary criticism has, however, been criticized as being "not entirely free of personal prejudice" and "occasionally vitiated by his biased analysis."
- Malika (Elegy,1921)
- Safura ( Gitawali,Collection of Songs, 1923)
- Thupitora (1925)
- Malati (1927)
- Bihuwoti (1929)
- Indradhanu (1929)
- Mukuta (1932)
- Thapona (1948)
- Manuh (1965)
- Axoma (1947)
- Bichitra (1948)
- Swohidaan (1952)
- Rahasya Logori
- Xuwoni (1952)
- Meghdoot (Translation,1940)
- Folk literature
- Bhogjora (Collection of 'Ainam' and children play songs)
- Dohali (Collection of yojanas)
- Moni Konwar
- Kachon Konwari
- Phool Konwar
- Postula Konwari
- Dakor Boson Vedor Baani
- Pani Mithoi
- Banabenu(Flute of Forest), (collection of three books Akul Pathika, Phagunee and Bihuwati)
- Gaone-Nagare (1960)
- Kundila Nagara
- Krishna Leela
- Kundil Konwari
- Okaal Basanta
- Madan Bhasma
- Ras Kriya
- Literary criticism
- New Light on the History of Assamese Literature
- The Origin and Growth of the Axomiya Language
- A Light coming through wall of Assamese Literature-- Kirtan Ghosa
- Light on Assamese Literature
- Katha- Prativa
- Modern History of Assamese Literature
- Studies on Assamese Literature
- Religion and faith
- Jagat Guru Sankardev
- JugoNayak Sankardev
- Vaisnava Dharmar Atiguri
- Vaisnava Dharmar Kramavistar
- Vaisnava Dharmara Bhaktitatva
- Naradiya Bhoktisutra and Mahapurusiasm-- a Universal Religion
- http://www.dimbeswarneog.com/ Dimbeswar Neog, Official website
- http://www.cottoncollege.org.in/ Cotton College,Guwahati
- "Ajaleetora Neog". Dimbeswar Neog Official Website. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Datta, Amaresh (2006). The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature (Volume One (A To Devo), Volume 1. India: Sahitya Akademi. p. 774. ISBN 81-260-1803-8.
- George, K.M., ed. (1992). Modern Indian literature, an anthology (1. publ. ed.). New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. pp. 63–64. ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0.
- "Asam Sahitya Sabha – a popular literary mission". Assam Tribune. February 16, 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Open Library – One web page for every book ever published". Open Library. October 1, 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2011.