Dimethyl methylphosphonate

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Dimethyl methylphosphonate
Dimethyl methylphosphonate.svg
Dimethyl-methylphosphonate-3D-balls.png
Identifiers
CAS number 756-79-6 YesY
PubChem 12958
ChemSpider 12418 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C3H9O3P
Molar mass 124.08 g mol−1
Appearance colourless liquid
Density 1.145 g/mL at 25 °C
Melting point −50 °C (−58 °F; 223 K)
Boiling point 181 °C (358 °F; 454 K)
Solubility in water slowly hydrolyses
Hazards
R-phrases R46, R36
Main hazards Toxic
Flash point 69 °C - closed cup
LD50
  • Oral (rat) 8,210 mg/kg
  • Inhalation (rat) 1h 20.13 mg/l
  • Dermal (rabbit) >2,000 mg/kg
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references


Dimethyl methylphosphonate is an organophosphorus compound with the chemical formula C3H9O3P or CH3PO(OCH3)2. It is a colourless liquid which is primarily used as a flame retardant.

Chemistry[edit]

Dimethyl methylphosphonate can be prepared from trimethyl phosphite and a halo-methane (e.g. iodomethane) via the Michaelis–Arbuzov reaction.

Dimethyl methylphosphonate is a schedule 2 chemical as it may be used in the production of Chemical Weapons. It will react with thionyl chloride to produce methylphosphonic acid dichloride, which is used in the production of sarin and soman nerve agents. Various amines can be used to catalyse this process.[1] It can be used as a sarin-simulant for the calibration of organophosphorus detectors.

Uses[edit]

The primary commercial use of dimethyl methylphosphonate is as a flame retardant. Other commercial uses are a preignition additive for gasoline, anti-foaming agent, plasticizer, stabilizer, textile conditioner, antistatic agent, and an additive for solvents and low-temperature hydraulic fluids. It can be used as a catalyst and a reagent in organic synthesis, as it can generate a highly reactive ylide. The yearly production in the United States varies between 100 and 1,000 short tons (91,000 and 907,000 kg).[citation needed]

About 190 liters of dimethyl methylphosphonate, together with other chemicals, were released during the El Al Flight 1862 crash at Bijlmer, Amsterdam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maier, Ludwig (1990). "ORGANIC PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS 90.l A CONVENIENT, ONE-STEP SYNTHESIS OF ALKYL- AND ARYLPHOSPHONYL DICHLORIDES". Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon and the Related Elements 47 (3-4): 465–470. doi:10.1080/10426509008038002.