Born in Lovech, he is best known for his best-selling novel Tobacco (Bulgarian: Тютюн, translit. Tyutyun), which was made into the 1962 film Tobacco, directed by Nikola Korabov. Dimov's "Tobacco" is the story of the socialist movement in Bulgaria the pre- WWII era. The whole work from cover to cover, tries to enter the reader in the struggle of the tobacco workers to survive, to organize against the landowner's oppression - and as a consequence against their political role in the mid-war era.
From this work, Dimov is trying to show the significance of the organized struggle, contacted by the young Communist Party of Bulgaria against the land-owners in affiliation to the newly founded Soviet Union.
Tobacco became the "Bible" of the Communists in the Balkan region, as it shows how working class can become from a bunch of slaves to the ruling class in a country. And that is mainly the reason the Dimov was widely respected among the Bulgarians, even after the 1988 turn over.
Dimov died in Bucharest, Romania. There is a bust of Dimov in the Borisova gradina park behind the Vasil Levski National Stadium in Sofia. His daughter, Theodora Dimova, is also a writer. In addition, a number of elementary schools across Bulgaria are named in his honor (particularly in Lovech, his hometown, and in Plovdiv).