GNK Dinamo Zagreb
|Full name||Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb|
|Nickname(s)||Modri (The Blues)|
|Founded||9 June 1945|
|Website||Club home page|
GNK Dinamo Zagreb, commonly referred to as Dinamo Zagreb (pronounced [dinamo zâːɡreb]), or by their nickname Modri ("The Blues") are a Croatian football club based in Zagreb. They play their home matches at Stadion Maksimir. They are the most successful club in Croatian football, having won fifteen Croatian championship titles, twelve Croatian Cups and four Croatian Supercups. The club has spent its entire existence in top flight, having been members of the Yugoslav First League from 1946 to 1991, and then the Croatian First League since its foundation in 1992.
Dinamo Zagreb were founded on 9 June 1945 in order to replace the three very popular Zagreb football clubs (HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia) which had been disbanded following the end of World War II. Dinamo entered the Yugoslav First League in its inaugural 1946–47 season, finishing as runners-up. In their second season in Yugoslav top flight in 1947–48 they finished as Yugoslav champions which was their first major trophy. The club won three more league titles and seven Yugoslav Cups before they left the Yugoslav league in 1991 amid the breakup of Yugoslavia and formation of the Croatian football league system. Dinamo are also the only Croatian club with European silverware, having won the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup by defeating Leeds United in the final. They also finished runners-up in the same competition in 1963 when they lost to Valencia.
Until the early 1990s its foundation year was considered to be 1945 but amid political turmoil during the breakup of Yugoslavia the club began claiming direct lineage to pre-WWII clubs Građanski Zagreb and HAŠK. In order to reflect this in June 1991 it was renamed HAŠK Građanski, which lasted until February 1993 when it was renamed Croatia Zagreb. They won five league titles and participated in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League group stages carrying that name before reverting to Dinamo Zagreb in February 2000. Although the subject was dropped for a while, in 2011 club management increasingly began claiming that Dinamo is the direct descendant of Građanski (which had originally been founded in 1911 and disbanded in 1945) and in April that year decided to append the adjective "Građanski" to the club's official name, turning it into the present-day GNK Dinamo Zagreb (Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb or "Dinamo Zagreb Citizens' Football Club").
The team's traditional colour is royal blue, which has been replaced for European matches in recent times with the darker navy blue. The club's biggest rivals are Hajduk Split, and matches between the two teams are referred to as "Eternal derby". Dinamo are currently reigning Croatian league champions having won their eighth consecutive Prva HNL title in the 2012–13 season.
- 1 History
- 2 Rankings
- 3 Grounds
- 4 Kit manufacturers
- 5 Supporters
- 6 Rivalries
- 7 Current squad
- 8 Coaching staff
- 9 Honours
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Origins and early years (1945–1966)
In the immediate aftermath of World War II the three most successful Zagreb-based clubs (HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia) were all disbanded by a decree issued by the communist authorities in May 1945. In order to replace them, a new sports society called FD Dinamo (Croatian: Fiskulturno društvo Dinamo) was founded on 9 June 1945. The new club inherited Građanski's colors and fan base, with most of Građanski's players continuing their careers at Dinamo. In the first few years the club played their home matches at Građanski's old ground Stadion Koturaška, but soon moved to former HAŠK's old ground at Stadion Maksimir. In addition, former manager of Građanski Márton Bukovi was appointed as Dinamo's first manager. The most notable Građanski players who joined Dinamo upon its formation were August Lešnik, Mirko Kokotović and Franjo Wölfl. Of the HAŠK players that joined Dinamo, the regulars in the first team soon became Ratko Kacian, Željko Čajkovski, Svetozar Peričić and Dragutin Lojen.
Following its formation, the club entered Yugoslav First League in its first season after the World War II hiatus. In their debut Dinamo finished in second place, 5 points behind champions Partizan. Dinamo won their first silverware in the 1947–48 season, finishing first–placed in the Yugoslav championship with 5 points ahead of Hajduk Split and Partizan. In the 1951 season the club finished second–placed in the league, but compensated with their first ever Yugoslav Cup title, after they defeated Vojvodina 4–0 in the two–legged final. Dinamo later added three more cup titles (in 1960, 1963 and 1965) and two championship wins (in 1953–54 and 1957–58). In addition, they were also cup runners–up on three occasions (in 1950, 1964 and 1966). Dinamo first entered European competitions in the preliminary round of the 1958–59 European Cup, but were knocked out by the Czechoslovak side Dukla Prague. The club then had some success in the 1960–61 European Cup Winners' Cup, as they managed to reach the semi-finals where they lost to Italian side Fiorentina. They have also competed in the 1961–62 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but failed to progress beyond the second round in which they were knocked out by Barcelona. However, in the 1962–63 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Dinamo managed to reach the final, but lost 4–1 on aggregate to Spanish side Valencia. The campaign included a sensational win against European giants Bayern Munich in the quarter-finals of the competition. In the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup they made an early exit in the first round after a defeat to Scottish side Celtic. During this period many of Dinamo's star players were also integral part of the Yugoslavia national team, including Željko Čajkovski, Zlatko Škorić, Krasnodar Rora, Denijal Pirić, Dražan Jerković, Ivica Horvat, Slaven Zambata and Rudolf Belin.
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (1966–1967)
Three Yugoslav clubs went on to participate in the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but they were knocked–out early in the competition, excluding Dinamo who went on to become the first ever Yugoslavian team that won a European competition. In the first round Dinamo played against Spartak Brno and after the aggregate score was 2–2, coin was flipped in order to determine the winner. Dinamo was through to the second round, where they were drawn against Scottish side Dunfermline. For the first time in the history of the cup the away goals rule were introduced, which helped Dinamo to qualify for the third round after the aggregate score was 4–4 (2–0 at home and 2–4 away). On their road to finals they defeated Romanian side Dinamo Piteşti, Italian powerhouse Juventus and German side Eintracht Frankfurt. In the finals the club was draw to play its first match at Maksimir against Leeds United. Dinamo won 2–0 in front of the 33 thousand fans with Marijan Čerček and Krasnodar Rora scoring, which was enough to secure the title as the match at Elland Road finished 0–0.
Post–European success era (1967–2000)
Dinamo closed the successful sixties with Yugoslav Cup title in the 1969 and quarterfinals of the 1969–70 Cup Winners' Cup competition. Unfortunately, the success didn't follow the club to the new decade, as they failed to win a single trophy throughout the 1970s. The club participated in three more seasons of Inter-Cities Fairs Cup before it was replaced with UEFA Cup, but failed to make any impact. Dinamo took part of the initial UEFA Cup season, but lost in the second round of the competition to Rapid Vienna on away goals rule. The club entered the UEFA Cup on seven more occasions (in 1976, 1977, 1979, 1988, 1989, 1990 and 1992) but never repeated success from the sixties. Finally, at the start of the 1980s, Dinamo won their sixth Yugoslav Cup title, defeating Red Star Belgrade 2–1 on aggregate result. They qualified for the 1980–81 Cup Winners' Cup, but lost already in first round to Benfica. In 1982 Dinamo sealed their fourth Yugoslav championship. In 1983 they won their seventh Yugoslav Cup which was the club's last trophy in the SFR Yugoslavia. After Benfica, another Portuguese club sealed Dinamo's European season, this time in 1982–83 European Cup when they lost to Sporting CP. They played in 1983–84 Cup Winners' Cup season and were eliminated, again, by Portuguese side Porto. The club didn't have any success in the second part of the 1980s, except two consecutive second–places in Yugoslavian championship in 1989 and 1990.
1990s and the Croatia Zagreb era
After the SFR Yugoslavia was dissolved, Dinamo took part in creating the Croatian Football League and the initial season was played in 1992. The same year club controversially changed its name to HAŠK Građanski, and another name change followed in 1993, when the club was renamed to Croatia Zagreb. The name change was widely seen as a political move by the leadership of then newly independent Croatia, with the goal of distancing the club from its Communist past. As the name change was also never accepted by their supporters, the club renamed themselves back to Dinamo on 14 February 2000. As Croatia Zagreb, the club has won six Croatian championships, of which five were won in a row from 1996 to 2000. Zvonimir Boban, Davor Šuker .They've also won four Croatian Cup titles.
In the late 1990s, the club played two consecutive seasons in the UEFA Champions League group stage. In the 1998–99 season, they were drawn in a group with Ajax, Olympiacos and Porto. After disappointing performances in the first three matches in which they managed to draw against Ajax at home and lost their away matches against Olympiacos and Porto, they performed well in the remaining three matches, beating Porto at home and Ajax away, and drawing to Olympiacos at home. However, they failed to advance to the quarterfinals as a second–placed team behind Olympiacos. In the 1999–2000 season, they were drawn in a group with defending champions Manchester United, Marseille and Sturm Graz, but managed only a fourth–place finish in the group with two draws and one win. They most notably held Manchester United to a goalless draw at Old Trafford in their opening Champions League match that season. The club also competed in two consecutive seasons of UEFA Cup. In 1996 they were knocked–out in the second round, while in the 1998 they managed to reach the third round, but lost to Atlético Madrid 2–1 on aggregate score. Dražen Ladić, Dario Šimić, Tomislav Rukavina,Damir Krznar, Stjepan Tomas,Josip Šimić, Goran Jurić,Krunoslav Jurčić, Silvio Marić, Ardian Kozniku, Robert Prosinečki, Igor Cvitanović, Mark Viduka, Mario Cvitanović, Igor Bišćan.
Recent years (2000–present)
The club subsequently participated five times in the third qualifying round of the Champions League, in 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008. However, they played against Milan, Dynamo Kyiv, Arsenal, Werder Bremen, Shakhtar Donetsk and failed to win a single match, losing 6–1 on aggregate to Milan, 5–1 on aggregate to Dynamo Kiev, Shakhtar Donetsk and Arsenal and 5–3 on aggregate to Werder Bremen. Since the qualifying rounds format changed, Dinamo was unable to get through to the play–off round, losing 3–2 on aggregate to FC Red Bull Salzburg in 2009. Before the UEFA Cup group stage phase was introduced, Dinamo's best success in the competition was reaching the second round of the competition on three occasions. They were able to reach the group stages in 2004–05, 2007–08 and 2008–09, but failed to secure qualification to round of 32. UEFA then introduced Europa League competition which had slightly changed format compared to that of the UEFA Cup. Dinamo was able to qualify for the group stage of the initial 2009–10 Europa League season, after beating Scottish side Hearts 4–2 on aggregate. In domestic competitions the club was able to secure five league titles and won the Croatian Cup on six occasions. They have also won four Croatian Supercups. The club has also produced many footballing talents that represented Croatia on the international level in the 2000s. The most notable are Luka Modrić, Eduardo, Vedran Ćorluka, Niko Kranjčar and Tomislav Butina. Dinamo once again qualified for the Europa League in 2010–2011 finishing third in group D behind PAOK Thessaloniki and Villarreal C.F. and ahead of Club Brugge K.V.. Dinamo was very close to finishing second after wins against Villarreal at home (2–0) and Club Brugge K.V. away (0–2) but failed to win in their last game against PAOK at home (lost 0–1) and thus failed to qualify for the next stage. Dinamo managed to reach the group stage of the Champions League in 2011 after beating Neftçi PFC Baku (3–0 at home, 0–0 away), HJK Helsinki (2–1 away, 1–0 at home) and Malmö FF (4–1 at home, lost 2–0 away). They were drawn in group D alongside Real Madrid, Olympique Lyonnais and AFC Ajax. Dinamo finished last in the group stage, with a -19 goal difference and 22 goals conceded, which makes this the worst performance ever in Champions League history. They lost both matches against all teams - Real Madrid (0-1 at home, 6-2 away), Lyon (1-7 at home, 2-0 away) and Ajax (0-2 at home, 4-0 away). The only highlight of the campaign being two late consolation goals in the final match of the group at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, the only goals Real Madrid conceded in that group. The following season, Dinamo once again managed to qualify for the Champions League group stage after defeating PFC Ludogorets Razgrad, Sheriff Tiraspol and NK Maribor. They were drawn in group A alongside FC Porto, Dynamo Kyiv and Paris Saint Germain. They failed to reach the next stage after recording 1 point and a -13 goal difference with their best result a 1-1 draw with Dynamo Kyiv at the Stadion Maksimir.
UEFA club coefficient ranking
(As of 6 February 2014), Source: Bert Kassies website
Dinamo's home ground is Stadion Maksimir, which is situated in the northeast part of the city of Zagreb, opposite the largest city Maksimir Park which is also the name of that district. It was officially opened on 5 May 1912 and has been reconstructed several times since then. The seats were installed on the east and south stand in 1997 and a year later, the old north and east stands were pulled down. Newly built north stand has a capacity of 10,965 and also has business offices. The whole stadium was reconstructed just before the opening ceremony of the Military World Games in 1999.
The spectators are placed on four stands: north, east, west and south. All of them are exclusively all-seaters, and there are no standing places on the stadium. The total capacity is 30,459
The final phase of the reconstruction includes lowering the lawn and making a stand around the pitch and over the running track with an annex to the south stand, adding an extra 16,000 seats to the maximum capacity. This will make Stadion Maksimir an exclusively football stadium with approximately 60,000 seats and thus the club will be given opportunity to host final matches of European club championships.
The start of the planned reconstruction works were anticipated in 2008, with completion deadlines set as early as 2010, but works never got started. Renovation finally began in the summer of 2011. By now, the city of Zagreb has reportedly spent around €100 million on maintenance of the stadium. The stadium became a huge problem for the city council who are planning a referendum where the citizens of Zagreb would decide whether to continue with the reconstruction of Stadion Maksimir, or to build the brand new Stadion Kajzerica. In the summer of 2011, the stadium underwent some much-needed renovations. All the seats were replaced with new ones. The running-track was covered with blue cloth. The pitch was renewed.
Although the club had supporters throughout the history, its first organized group of followers emerged in 1986. The most faithful and eager followers established the group Bad Blue Boys (often abbreviated BBB). As legend has it, the name was inspired by the 1983 film Bad Boys starring Sean Penn in the main role. The group aroused a great interest and BBB branches started appearing in all parts of Zagreb. The fans soon started organizing departures to visiting matches themselves to voice their support for the club.
On 17 March 1986, the first official fan club Bad Blue Boys was founded. Since its formation, the Bad Blue Boys traditionally situate on the north stand of Stadion Maksimir. During the Croatian War of Independence the fans offered their support to Franjo Tuđman, Zlatko Canjuga and the conservative right-wing HDZ in Croatia's first elections and a lot of them were also the soldiers of Croatian Army or in the police forces who participated in the war. The monument Shrine to the Croatia Knights was built below the west stand of Stadion Maksimir to honour all of Dinamo fans who have died on the battle fields.
The BBB are often accused for hooliganism, which resulted in both UEFA and Croatian Football Federation disciplinary bodies penalizing Dinamo on several occasions. These incidents are caused by minor number of hooligans who are constantly accused for causing material damage, fights with police forces, flare throwing and racism. Despite all those incidents, the BBB are praised among the other fans for their constant and loud support during Dinamo's matches.
From 11 August 2010 the Bad Blue Boys were boycotting the club's matches due to their dissent with the club's board. The boycott ended on 30 August 2011, but remained active for the UEFA Champions League matches that season.
Dinamo's biggest rivals are Hajduk Split, and the matches between the two teams are referred to as "Eternal derby". Former major rivalries used to include Serbian clubs Red Star Belgrade and Partizan. Despite playing in the same division as Dinamo, and being from same city, NK Zagreb are not considered major rivals by the fans.
- As of 1 March 2014
First team squad
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Reserves and Academy squad
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For details of former players, see Category:GNK Dinamo Zagreb players.
|Assistant manager||Igor Cvitanović|
|Goalkeeping coach||Miralem Ibrahimović|
|Director of football||Zoran Mamić|
|Technical director||Davor Bukovina|
|Physical fitness coach||Ivan Štefanić|
|Academy director||Marijan Vlak|
Last updated: 9 January 2012
Source: GNK Dinamo Zagreb official website
Last updated: 22 October 2013
Source: [Zagreb | current = 2013–14 GNK Dinamo Zagreb GNK Dinamo Zagreb official website]
- Note: From 1946 to 1991 the club was a member of now defunct Yugoslav First League and from 1992 onwards plays in the Croatian football league system.
Dinamo's tally of fifteen Prva HNL titles is the highest among the Croatian football clubs. They are also the most successful club in Croatian Cup, winning the competition on twelve occasions, while a total of four Croatian Supercups makes them second highest, after Hajduk Split who have won the competition five times. Dinamo have achieved seven doubles, winning both Prva HNL and Croatian Cup in 1996, 1997, 1998, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012 and most recently in 2013. In Croatian football league, the club has finished out of the top three on two occasions only, in seasons 1992 and 2004–05. During the period it competed in the Yugoslav football system, the club was a league champion on four occasions, making it fourth most successful behind Red Star, Partizan and Hajduk Split. Dinamo have also won seven Yugoslav Cups which made the club third most successful in the competition. Since it was founded the club has won thirty seven domestic trophies (including Yugoslav League and Cup titles) and two European trophies (Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and Balkans Cup), making it a total of forty trophies.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
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- Won championships
- Official website of Dinamo Zagreb (in Croatian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to NK Dinamo Zagreb.|
- Official website (Croatian)
- GNK Dinamo Zagreb on Twitter
- GNK Dinamo Zagreb's channel on YouTube
- Dinamo Zagreb profile at UEFA.com
- Dinamo Zagreb at Nogometni magazin (Croatian)
- NAvolej (Croatian)
- Zagreb's Blues
- Bad Blue Boys (Croatian)