Dinder National Park
|Dinder National Park|
|Area||10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi)|
The area of Dinder was heavily populated when it was first visited by Europeans in 1861. In the 1880s, at the time of the Mahdist War and a famine, the human population vanished. Alfred Harrison found only traces of human habitation in 1925. Dinder was established as a park in 1935 following the London Convention of 1933 and designated in 1979 as a member of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. In 1983 the park was extended 2,630 km2 (1,020 sq mi) towards the west.
The park is home to 27 species of large mammals, over 160 species of birds, 32 species of fish, and small mammals, bats, reptiles, and amphibians. It is in a major flyway used by birds migrating between Eurasia and Africa.
The ecology of the park is threatened by encroachment from cattle herders who are being displaced from their traditional grazing lands by the expansion of crop agriculture, through the fundamental cause of expanding regional population. Populations of migrant grazers, including tiang, Roan, waterbuck and reebuck, are under additional pressure as land outside the park that they migrate across has been converted to farmland. Game counts between 1971 and 2001 have shown a precipitous decline in most large mammal species, with the population of waterbuck falling by 85%, reedbuck by 72%, and oribi by 68%. Other species have been extirpated in Dindir since was gazetted, including African elephant, black rhinoceros hippopotamus, tora hartebeest, giraffe Soemmerring's gazelle, and the Nile crocodile.
- van Hoven, Wouter; Mutasim B. Nimir (2004). "Recovering from conflict: the case of Dinder and other national parks in Sudan". In Paul, Goriup. Parks (Gland, Switzerland: World Commission on Protected Areas) 14 (1): 26–33. ISSN 0960-233X. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009. "Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus", GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
- Adil Mohamed Ali and Mutasim Bashir Nimir, "Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in the Dinder National Park (Biosphere Reserve)", Fifth World Parks Conference, 2003; includes maps.
- Images of lions and antelopes at Dinder National Park (www.overlandinthesun.com)
- Encyclopædia Britannica entry
- Lycaon pictus - the Painted Hunting Dog