|Region of origin||China|
Ding (Chinese: 丁; pinyin: Dīng; Wade–Giles: Ting1) is the simplest written Chinese family name in existence (the only two characters that are simpler are "一" and "乙"). It is written in two strokes and is first on the Chinese surname stroke order.
Ding is the 46th most common surname in China. There are four main hypothesised sources of Ding:
- The earliest record of this surname in history was the Duke of Ding during the Shang Dynasty.
- The name derived from the ancestral surname Jiang. Duke Ding of Qi was the second recorded ruler of the State of Qi. After his death, his descendants adopted his posthumous name Ding as their clan name in his honor.
- During Spring and Autumn period, the descendants of Duke Ding of Song also used Ding as their last name.
- During the Three Kingdoms period, a general, Sun Kuang of the Wu kingdom, accidentally burnt the food supply and as a punishment, the king Sun Quan ordered this general to change his last name to Ding; the king did not want to bear the same last name as the general.
Among the Chinese Muslims, the surname Ding is thought to originate from the last syllable of the Arabic honorific "ud-Din" or "al-Din" (as in, for example, the name of the Bukharan Muslim Sayyid Ajjal Shams ud-Din (1210–1279; also spelled al-Din), who was appointed Governor of Yunnan by the Mongol Yuan dynasty).
Although they do not practise Islam, the Ding clan remains as one of the better-known Hui clans around Quanzhou, Fujian that still identify as Muslim. It is to be noted that these Hui clans merely require descent form Arab, Persian, or other Muslim forebears, and they need not be Muslim. Due to their historical ancestors' religion, it is considered a taboo offer pork to ancestors of the Ding family; the living Ding family members themselves consume pork nonetheless.
One branch of this Ding (Ting) family descended from Sayyid Ajjal Shams al-Din Omar resides in Taisi Township, Yunlin County, Taiwan. They trace their descent through him via the Ding family from Quanzhou, Fujian. Although they feigned to be Han Chinese while in Fujian, they practised Islam when they originally arrived in Taiwan in the 1800s, soon thereafter building a mosque. In time, their descendants would convert to Buddhism or Daoist, however, and the mosque built by the Ding family is now a Daoist temple.
The Ding family also has branches in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore among the diaspora Chinese communities there but no longer practise Islam; some maintain their Hui identity.
A Hui legend in Ningxia links four surnames common in the region — Na, Su, La, and Ding — with the descendants of Shams al-Din's son, Nasruddin, who "divided" their ancestor's name (in Chinese, Nasulading) among themselves.
- Ding Chao (1883–1939), military general
- Ding Feng (Chengyuan), military general for Eastern Wu
- Ding Feng (younger), military general for Eastern Wu
- Ding Junhui, snooker player
- Ding Lei, founder of Netease
- Ding Ling, author
- Ding Liren, chess player
- Ding Ning, table tennis player
- Ding Wei, go player
- Ding Yixin, chess player
- Ding Yuan, Three Kingdoms governor
- Ding Zilin, Professor, currently the leader of the political pressure group Tiananmen Mothers.
- Samuel C. C. Ting, Nobel Prize laureates in Physics, 1976.
- KH Ting, bishop
- Ding Ruchang, late Qing-dynasty admiral in the First Sino-Japanese War
- Chung Il-kwon (丁一權 정일권), South Korean military general.
- Ding Hai, the central character of The Greed of Man, played by Adam Cheng.
- Ding Lik, a secondary protagonist in The Bund, played by Ray Lui.
- Ding Yau Kin, the main protagonist of Looking Back In Anger, played by Felix Wong.
- Ding Yau Hong, the main antagonist of Looking Back In Anger, played by Deric Wan.
- Kühner, Hans (2001). "The barbarians' writing is like worms, and their speech is like the screeching of owls": Exclusion and acculturation in the early Ming period". Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 151 (2). pp. 407–429. ISSN 0341-0137.; p. 414
- Angela Schottenhammer (2008). Angela Schottenhammer, ed. The East Asian Mediterranean: Maritime Crossroads of Culture, Commerce and Human Migration. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 123. ISBN 3-447-05809-9. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Gladney, Dru C. (2004). Dislocating China: reflections on Muslims, minorities and other subaltern subjects. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 294. ISBN 1-85065-324-0.
- Robert W. Hefner (1998). Market cultures: society and morality in the new Asian capitalisms. Westview Press. p. 113. ISBN 0-8133-3360-1. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Dru C. Gladney (1996). Muslim Chinese: ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard Univ Asia Center. p. 286. ISBN 0-674-59497-5. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Dru C. Gladney (1996). Muslim Chinese: ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard Univ Asia Center. pp. 271–272. ISBN 0-674-59497-5. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Loa Iok-Sin / STAFF REPORTER (Sun, Aug 31, 2008). "FEATURE : Taisi Township re-engages its Muslim roots". Taipei Times. p. 4. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Dillon, Michael (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Routledge. p. 22. ISBN 0-7007-1026-4.