Dinkelsbühl

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Dinkelsbühl
View of the old town from the church tower
View of the old town from the church tower
Coat of arms of Dinkelsbühl
Coat of arms
Dinkelsbühl   is located in Germany
Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
Coordinates: 49°4′15″N 10°19′10″E / 49.07083°N 10.31944°E / 49.07083; 10.31944Coordinates: 49°4′15″N 10°19′10″E / 49.07083°N 10.31944°E / 49.07083; 10.31944
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Mittelfranken
District Ansbach
Government
 • Lord Mayor Dr. Christoph Hammer (CSU)
Area
 • Total 75.19 km2 (29.03 sq mi)
Elevation 442 m (1,450 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 11,287
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 91550
Dialling codes 09851
Vehicle registration AN, DKB, FEU, ROT
Website dinkelsbuehl.de
Mixed Imperial City of Dinkelsbühl
Paritätische Reichsstadt Dinkelsbühl
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Stem duchy of Franconia
1351–1802
Capital Dinkelsbühl
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  City founded before 1083
 -  Gained Reichsfreiheit 1351
 -  Peace of Augsburg 25 September 1555
 -  Thirty Years' War 1618–48
 -  Peace of Westphalia 1648
 -  Mediatised to Bavaria 1802

Dinkelsbühl is an historic city in Bavaria, Germany and a former Free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire. Now it belongs to the district of Ansbach, north of Aalen.

History[edit]

Fortified by the emperor Henry V, Dinkelsbühl received in 1305 the same municipal rights as Ulm, and obtained in 1351 the position of a Free Imperial City. Its municipal code, the Dinkelsbühler Recht, published in 1536, and revised in 1738, contained a very extensive collection of public and private laws.

Reformation[edit]

During the Protestant Reformation, Dinkelsbühl was notable for being – eventually along only with Ravensburg, Augsburg and Biberach an der Riß — a Mixed Imperial City (German: Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint Catholic–Protestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials. This status ended in 1802, when these cities were annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Around 1534 the majority of the population of Dinkelsbühl became Protestant.[2]

Thirty Years War[edit]

Every summer Dinkelsbühl celebrates the city's surrender to Swedish Troops during the Thirty Years' War. This reenactment is played out by many of the town's residents. It features an array of Swedish troops attacking the city gate and children dressed in traditional garb coming to witness the event. Paper cones full of chocolate and candy are given as gifts to children. This historical event is called the "Kinderzeche" and can in some aspects be compared with the "Meistertrunk" in Rothenburg. The name is derived from the German word for "child", and is called such because of the legend that a child saved the town from massacre by the Swedish Troops during the surrender. The legend tells that when the Swedish army besieged the town, a teenage girl took the children to the Swedish general to beg for mercy. The Swedish general had recently lost his young son to illness, and a boy who approached him so closely resembled his own son that he decided to spare the town.

The World Wars[edit]

Remarkably, Dinkelsbühl remained totally unscathed, except for a broken window in St. George's Minster.[citation needed]

Present day[edit]

The film, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962), was filmed on location in Dinkelsbühl.

Main sights[edit]

Dinkelsbühl is still surrounded by the old medieval walls and towers. There exist a lot of outstanding attractions. The image of this town is very typical for a German town of the 15th to early 17th century.

  • St. George's Minster is a beautiful masterpiece of the gothic style in the late 15th century ( by Nikolaus Eseler )
  • St. Paul's, now a Protestant church, was rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of the far late Roman architectural style. It was originally part of a monastery.
  • The Castle of the Teutonic Order, it has a rococo chapel.
  • The so-called Deutsches Haus, is the ancestral home of the counts of Drechsel-Deufstetten. It is a fine specimen of the German renaissance style of wooden architecture.
  • Situated in front of the Minster is a monument to Christoph von Schmid (1768–1854), a 19th-century writer of stories for the young.
  • Museum of the 3rd Dimension, It is housed in the former city mill.
  • The Historical Museum, showed historical discoveries found within Dinkelsbühl and also has reconstructions of the ancient houses of the city. Since 2008, the museum has had a new domicile in the so-called "Steinerne Haus" from the 14th century. The official name is now: "house of history". While many of the artifacts are the same, the presentation is completely new.
  • The church of St. Vincent, which is 2 km outside the city.

People from Dinkelsbühl[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]