Dinton, Wiltshire

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Dinton
St Marys Dinton.jpg
St Mary's Church, Dinton.
Dinton is located in Wiltshire
Dinton
Dinton
 Dinton shown within Wiltshire
Population 696 (in 2011) [1]
OS grid reference SU0102331539
Civil parish Dinton
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Website http://www.southwilts.com/site/Dinton/
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°04′57″N 1°59′05″W / 51.082599°N 1.98459°W / 51.082599; -1.98459

Dinton is a village and former manor in Wiltshire, England, on the B3089 road about 8 miles west of Salisbury. It was part of the historic hundred of Warminster.[2] The population was 696 at the 2011 census.[1] Dinton is the location of Philipps House, formerly known as Dinton House, a National Trust property. It was built in 1816 by William IV Wyndham (1769-1841), to the designs of Sir Jeffry Wyattville. In 1916 it was bought by Bertram Philipps, who renamed the house after himself. In 1943 he granted it to the National Trust.

Present day[edit]

The parish has local services including A Church of England parish church, two public houses, a shop with a post office, and a village hall. The River Nadder flows through the south of the village. There is a bus service to Salisbury that runs about four times a day. The London Waterloo to Exeter railway line passes through the south part of the village but Dinton railway station has been closed since 1966. A business park in the south west of the village provides some local employment. Until the early 1990s RAF Chilmark was another major source of employment, which had several sites around Dinton.

The station buildings in 1994

The village is the base of the Francis Frith Photographic Collection.[3]

Descent of the manor[edit]

Shaftesbury Abbey[edit]

The manor of Dinton together with Over Teffont (now Teffont Magna) were possessions of Shaftesbury Abbey from before the Norman Conquest of England [4] until following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the manor passed rapidly through the hands of various Tudor property speculators. It was granted in 1540 to Sir Thomas Arundell (d. 1552), who immediately sold it, having obtained a licence of alienation, to Matthew Colthurst, who sold it to William Green of Heale, in Woodford.

Herbert[edit]

in 1547 the entire manor obtained a long-term owner when it was granted to Sir William Herbert (1501–1570) , later 1st Earl of Pembroke. The manor remained part of the latter's nearby estate of Wilton until 1918 when it was sold in lots and dismembered.[5]

Descent of subsidiary estates[edit]

Hyde[edit]

Arms of Hyde: Azure, a chevron between three lozenges or

The rectory and advowson of Dinton were sold in 1585 by Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1534–1601) to Lawrence Hyde I (d. 1590) of West Hatch, MP for Heytesbury in 1584[6] whose eldest son Robert Hyde I sold them in 1594 to his brother Sir Lawrence Hyde II (1562-1641), attorney-general to Anne of Denmark, wife of King James I. They were inherited by the latter's son Sir Robert Hyde II (d.1665), Chief Justice of Common Pleas, who died without surviving issue when the properties became the inheritance of his nephew, Robert Hyde III (d.1722), son of Alexander Hyde, Bishop of Salisbury. Robert III died without progeny and he bequeathed the rectory and advowson to his cousin Rev. Robert Hyde IV (d.1723), a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, to which college he bequeathed the properties, and which retained them until 1950 when they were conveyed to the Bishop of Salisbury.[5]

The brother of Sir Lawrence Hyde II, lay rector of Dinton, was Henry Hyde (c.1563-1634), MP, father of the statesman Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609–1674), who was born at Dinton.[7] The estate of Little Clarendon is situated within the parish of Dinton, and was apparently the origin of the appellation he chose for his earldom. Henry Hyde appears to have leased the rectory and advowson of Dinton from his brother, and it was probably in the rectory house that the future Earl of Clarendon was born. Henry Hyde moved away to Purton between 1623 and 1625.[5]

Wyndham[edit]

Arms of Wyndham: Azure, a chevron between three lion's heads erased or

The descent of another estate in Dinton in the Wyndham family was as follows:[8]

  • William I Wyndham (1659-1734). The manor was purchased in 1689 by William I Wyndham (1659-1734),[9] 3rd son of Sir Wadham Wyndham (1609-1668), of Norrington, Wiltshire, a judge of the King's Bench, 9th son of Sir John Wyndham (1558–1645) of Orchard Wyndham, Somerset.[8] William I married Henrietta Stratford, a daughter and co-heiress of Henry Stratford of Hawling, Gloucestershire.
  • William II Windham (d.1762), eldest son, inherited Dinton from his father and Hawling from his mother. He married Barbara Smith, daughter and heiress of Michael Smith of Stanton St Bernard, Wiltshire.
  • William III Wyndham (d.1786), eldest son, of Dinton and Hawling, a pioneer in agricultural improvement.[10] He married in 1767 Elizabeth Heathcote (d.1809), a daughter of Sir Thomas Heathcote, 2nd Baronet(1721–1787), of Hursley Park, Southampton.
  • William IV Wyndham (1769-1841), eldest son, of Dinton. He inherited the manor of Norrington from his Wyndham cousin, descended from the eldest son of the judge Sir Wadham Wyndham (d.1668). He married in 1794 Laetitia Popham (d.1837), daughter of Alexander Popham, a Master in Chancery. In 1816 he built the present house to the designs of Sir Jeffry Wyattville.
  • William V Wyndham (1796-1862), of Dinton, eldest son, JP, DL, MP for Wiltshire South 1852-9. He married in 1831 Ellen Heathcote (d.1883), eldest daughter of Rev. Samuel Heathcote of Bramshaw Hill, Hampshire.
  • William VI Wyndham (1834-1914), eldest son, JP, DL, of Dinton. He was heir male to his grandfather under the will of his distant cousin (who shared common descent from Sir John Wyndham (1558-1645) of Orchard Wyndham)George Francis Wyndham, 4th Earl of Egremont (1786-1845), following the death of the 4th Earl's widow in 1876 who had retained a life interest in his estate.[11] He thus inherited the ancient family manor of Orchard Wyndham. He married in 1867 Frances Ann Stafford (d.1934), 2nd daughter of Rev. Charles James Stafford, vicar of Dinton.
  • William VII Wyndham (b.1868), eldest son, JP, of Orchard Wyndham. He sold Dinton in 1916[11] to Bertram Philipps.

Philipps[edit]

In 1916 Dinton was bought by Bertram Philipps, who renamed the house after himself, "Philipps House".

National Trust[edit]

In 1943 Philipps granted it to the National Trust.

Teffont Magna[edit]

For most of its history the nearby village of Teffont Magna was a chapelry of Dinton, until in 1934 it was combined with the village of Teffont Evias, to form a united Teffont.[12]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dinton Census Information". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  2. ^ VCH, vol.5
  3. ^ contact page at francisfrith.com
  4. ^ Victoria County History, Wiltshire: Volume 8
  5. ^ a b c VCH Wilts, vol.8
  6. ^ History of Parliament biography of Lawrence Hyde I
  7. ^ Wanderings in Wessex by Edric Holmes., Chapter X. Available as a Project Gutenberg ebook.
  8. ^ a b Burke's Landed Gentry, 1937, p.2511, pedigree of Wyndham
  9. ^ "In 1689 George South, grandson of Richard, sold his estate (within the parish of Dinton) to William Wyndham, second surviving son of Sir Wadham Wyndham of Norrington and Salisbury" (Victoria County History, Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 25-34 [1]
  10. ^ VCH Wiltshire, vol.8
  11. ^ a b Burke's LG
  12. ^ Teffont Magna in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 74-78

External links[edit]