Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Barcelona

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Archdiocese of Barcelona
Archidioecesis Barcinonensis
Archidiócesis de Barcelona (Spanish)
Arxidiòcesi de Barcelona (Catalan)
Sta-eulalia.jpg
Location
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Barcelona
Statistics
Area 339 km2 (131 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
2,661,538
2,119,915 (79.6%)
Parishes 214
Information
Rite Roman Rite
Cathedral Catedral Basílica Metropolitana de Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia
(Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia)
Patron saint Virgin of Mercy
Secular priests 862
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Lluís Martínez Sistach
Auxiliary Bishops Sebastián Taltavull Anglada
Map
Diocesisdebarcelona.png
Website
Website of the Archdiocese

The Archdiocese of Barcelona is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in northeastern Spain and the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of Barcelona which includes the suffragan dioceses of Sant Feliu de Llobregat and Terrassa.

The current Archbishop of Barcelona is Lluís Martínez Sistach, appointed by Pope John Paul II on 15 June 2004.

History[edit]

While local tradition and catalogues date back the first bishop, San Eteri, considered a disciple of Saint James the Great, to the very first Apostles, historical evidence seems to be undisputed from the third century onwards, when bishop Pretextat attended the Council of Sardica in 343. During the Visigothic Kingdom, Barcelona became one of the fourteen dioceses of the ecclesiastic province of Tarragona. After the Christian fall in 712, a long sede vacante was ended not before 850, when bishop Joan took office, and the diocese became subjugated to the Carolingian See of Narbonne.

During the Reconquista, bishop Oleguer was called to the archepiscopal see of Tarragona, which he took in 1017, though being granted to keep his Barcelonan see as well, reigning 1114–1137. Barcelona became suffragan to Tarragona once again, and stayed so for the following centuries. Its bishops got used to live in the pontifical or royal courts instead of the city, until bishop Jaume Caçador inducted reforms according to the Council of Trent amidst the 16th century. Disregarding another year-lasting de facto sede vacante from 1808 to 1814 during the Napoleonic Wars, Barcelona and its diocese kept on grewing richer and more powerful.

On 25 March 1964 Pope Paul VI elevated the Diocese of Barcelona to the level of an Archdiocese. However, it has only had the status of a Metropolitan Archdiocese since 2004, when Pope John Paul II dismembered its territory into the Archdiocese of Barcelona and the two new suffraganes of Sant Feliu de Llobregat and Terrassa together with the appointment of Archbishop Sistach. [1]

Leadership[edit]

Earliest bishops according to local tradition[edit]

The Catholic Encyclopedia states that “The See of Barcelona, unlike most very ancient sees, whose origins are obscure, has preserved catalogues of its bishops from Apostolic times, and although all the names given cannot be admitted as authentic, the greater number are handed down in all the catalogues.”[2] The list includes:[3]

  • Eterius (San Eteri) (considered a disciple of Saint James the Great, 37 AD)
  • Saint Theodosius (San Teodosi) (94 AD)
  • Aulus Victor (Aulo Víctor) (139 AD)
  • Actius
  • Theolycus (Teolicus)
Severus is considered to have occupied the see around 304 AD.
  • Alexander I (Alexandre I)
  • Lucius (Luci)
  • Totxa
  • Deodatus I (Deodat I)
  • Theodoric (Teodoric)
  • Deodatus II (Deodat II)
  • Peneguardus (Peneguardo)
  • Pusio
  • Alexander II (Alexandre II)
  • Albert
  • Armengald
  • Gandimar
  • William (Guillem)
  • St. Severus (San(t) Sever) (c. 290–304). A native of the city, martyr of the Diocletian persecution.

Early bishops (for whom documentation exists)[edit]

St. Pacian
  • Nundinari (c. 450–463)
  • Ireneus (Ireneu) (c. 463–465)
  • Berengari
  • Agrici (after 516)
  • St. Nebridius (Nebridi) (c. 540)
  • Paternus (Patern) (c. 546).
  • Ugno (c. 589–599)
  • Emila (c. 610–633)
  • Severus II (Sever II) (c. 633–636)
  • Oia (c. 636–638)
  • Quiricus (Quirze) (c. 640–666), later bishop of Toledo
  • Idalaci (c. 667–689)
  • Laülf (c. 689–702)

Medieval Period[edit]

  • John (Joan) (around 850)
Bishop of Barcelona Berenguer de Palou II (seated) with James I of Aragon
  • Ataulfus (Ataülf) (c. 850–860).
  • Frodoí (c. 861–890).
  • Theodoric (Teodoric) (c. 904–937).
  • Guilara (c. 937–959).
  • Pere (c. 962–973)
  • Vives (974–995)
  • Aeci (995–1010)
  • Deusdat (1010–1029)
  • Guadall Domnuç (1029–1035)
  • Guislabert (1035–1062)
  • Berenguer (1062–1069)
  • Humbert (Umbert) (1069–1085).
  • Bertram (Bertran) (1086–1096).
  • Fulk II of Cardona (Folc II de Cardona) (1096–1099)
  • Berenguer Bernat (1100–1106).
  • Ramon Guillem (1107–1114).
  • St. Olegarius (Sant Oleguer) (1114–1137).
  • Arnau Ermengol (1137–1143)
  • Guillem de Torroja (1144–1171)
  • Bernat de Berga (1172–1188)
  • Ramon de Castellvell (1189–1199)
  • Berenguer de Palou I (1200–1206)
  • Pere de Cirac (1208–1211)
Arnau de Gurb was bishop during the mid- to late thirteenth century.

In the twelfth century the diocese was restored by Ramon Berenguer, Count of Barcelona.

  • Berenguer de Palou II (1212–1241)
  • Pere de Centelles (1241–1252)
  • Arnau de Gurb (Arnoldo de Guerbo) (1252–1284)
  • Guerau de Gualba (1284–1285)
  • Bernat Pelegrí (1288–1300)
  • Pontius de Gualba (Ponç de Gualba) (1303–1334)
  • Ferrer d'Abella (1335–1344)
  • Bernat Oliver (1345–1346)
  • Miguel de Ricomá (1346–1361)
  • Guillem de Torrelles (1361–1369)
  • Berenguer d’Erill (1369–1371)
  • Pere de Planelles
  • Ramon d’Escales (1386–1398)
  • Joan Armengol (1389–1408)
  • Francesc de Blanes (1409–1410)
  • Francesc Climent (Sapera)
  • Andreu Bertrán (1416–1420; 1431–1433)
  • Simó Salvador (1433–1445)
  • Jaume Girard (1445–1456)
  • Juan Soler (1456–1463)
  • Fra Juan Jiménez Cerdá (1465–1472)
  • Rodrigo Borgia (Rodrigo de Borja) (1472–1478)
  • Gonzalo Fernández de Heredia (1478–1490)
  • Pere García (1490–1505)

List of Bishops and Archbishops of Barcelona since 1505[edit]

Barcelona Cathedral, ca. 1900

Suffragan dioceses[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dr. Josep Maria Martí Bonet: Historia de la Diócesis de Barcelona del s. IV al s. XXI, Arquebisbat de Barcelona. Retrieved on 2010-11-15.
  2. ^ CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Barcelona
  3. ^ Episcopologi

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 41°23′02″N 2°10′35″E / 41.38389°N 2.17639°E / 41.38389; 2.17639