Diocese of Bosnia

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  Diocese of Bosnia in the 15th century

Diocese of Bosnia (Latin: Dioecesis Bosniensis) was a Roman Catholic diocese that existed in Bosnia between the 11th and 15th centuries, and remained formally in existence until 1773.

History[edit]

John of Wildeshausen, Bishop of Bosnia

It is not known precisely when the Bosnian diocese was established. Based on a collection of historical documents Provinciale Vetus, published in 1188, which mention it twice, once subordinated to the Archdiocese of Split, and another time under the Archdiocese of Ragusa, it is assumed that it came into existence between 1060 and 1075.[1] During the 12th century, it was contested between those two archdioceses as well as another two, the Archdiocese of Antivari and the Archdiocese of Kalocsa.[2] In 1244, an endowment of the parishes of Đakovo and Blezna by King Bela IV of Hungary listed the other parishes of the diocese, namely Vrhbosna, Neretva, Lepenica, Vidgossa (Viduša), Mile (near today's Visoko), Lašva, Uskoplje, Brod (near today's Zenica), Borač (near today's Rogatica).[3][4]

In the 13th and 14th centuries, the Bishops of Bosnia were mainly Dominican missionaries who were sent in to combat the spread of the Bosnian Church.[5] At the turn of the 14th century, the Franciscans also arrived with the same purpose, at first in Usora and Soli, at the request of Stephen Dragutin of Serbia.[6] The two orders engaged in a prolonged dispute over the control of the province, in which the Franciscans ultimately prevailed, yet the weakened diocese still succumbed to the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia in 1463.[7]

During the Ottoman occupation, the bishop of Bosnia had no effective control over the territory of Bosnia, rather, the Franciscan Province of Bosna Srebrena remained the primary vessel of Catholicism in the area. In 1735, the Holy See founded the Apostolic Vicariate for Bosnia, and assigned Franciscans as apostolic vicars to direct it, thereby formally ending the jurisdiction of this diocese over Bosnia.

In 1773, the diocese was formally united with the Diocese of Syrmia.[8] The 1773 change subordinated it to the Archdiocese of Zagreb. In 1881, the Archdiocese of Vrhbosna was erected, that included the actual territory of Bosnia. The Diocese of Bosnia (Ðakovo) and Srijem became the present-day Archdiocese of Ðakovo-Osijek.[9]

Bishops of Bosnia[edit]

12th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
c. 1141 Vladislav
c. 1151 Milovan
c. 1171 Radogost Also recorded as Rhadagastus.
13th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
after 1209 Dragonja
after 1210 Bratoslav
1223 c. 1233 Vladimir
1233 1239 Bl. Ioannes Teutonicus Dominican friar, also recorded as bl. Ivan Njemac. He resigned in 1239 and returned to the monastery.
1239 c. 1272 Ponsa Dominican friar, also recorded as Povša. He had built cathedral of Saint Peter in village Brdo (Vrhbosna). Because of the threats of Patarenes, Ponsa went from Vrhbosna to Đakovo in 1252 and since then the seat of the Bishop of Bosnia was mainly in Ðakovo.
c. 1272 1273 Roland
c. 1280 Andrija Ugrin Dominican friar
c. 1291 c. 1299 Toma
14th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
c. 1301 c. 1304 Nikola
1308 1314 Grgur Augustinian
1314 1316 Benedikt Guiscard
1317 1334 Petar I Dominican friar
1334 1336 Sede vacante
1336 1347 Lovro Lorandov
1347 1349 Ivan II
1349 1356 Peregrin Saksonac Franciscan friar
1356 1376 Petar II
1376 1382 Dominik Dominican friar
1382 1387 Đuro
1387 1407 Ivan III Mrnjavić
15th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
1407 1410 Sede vacante
1410 1427 Benedikt II de Benedictis
1427 1428 Dionizije de Jakč de Kusely
1428 1436 Josip de Bezza
1444 1454 Rafael
1454 1455 Filip Gothali
1455 1457 Sede vacante
1457 1459 Pavao
1459 1463 Grgur II Franciscan friar
1463 1465 Sede vacante
1465 1466 Demetrije Čupor
1468 unknown Benedikt III Levey
1486 1489 Matija de Warda
1489 1491 Stjepan od Velike Luke
1491 1493 Luka Also recorded as Lucas Szegedi, Chief Justice of Hungary (1502-1503), bishop of Zagreb (1500–1510).
1493 1501 Gabrijel Polgar Dominican friar, also recorded as Polner or Polver.
16th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
1501 1516 Mihalj Kešerić de Chybarth
c. 1516 unknown Donat a Turre Also recorded as Donato della Torre.
1524 1526 Juraj II Paližna
1526 1533 Sede vacante
1533 Bernard Gentilis
1533 1573 Sede vacante
1573 1583 Anto Matković Franciscan friar, also recorded as Antonio Poli (de Mathaeis).
1583 1588 Sede vacante
1588 1615 Franjo Baličević Franciscan friar
17th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
1615 1625 Anto Matić Požežanin
1625 1631 Sede vacante
1631 1635 Ivan IV Tomko Mrnavić
1635 1639 Sede vacante
1639 1644 Toma V Mrnavić
1645 1660 Marijan Maravić
1660 1669 Sede vacante
1669 1701 Nikola III Ogramić Franciscan friar. Lived and ruled in Bosnia for a while. Murdered on August 14, 1701.
18th century
From Until Incumbent Notes
1701 1703 Sede vacante
1703 Petar III Stanko Crnković
1703 1716 Đuro Patačić od Zajezda Also recorded as Juraj III. Patačić, ordered the construction of the new bishop's residence and new cathedral. He had convened the first synod of the Diocese of Bosnia in Đakovo.
1716 1749 Petar IV Bakić de Lach
1749 1751 Franjo III Thauzy Translated to Kalocsa
1751 1773 Josip Antun Ćolnić
On July 9, 1773 Diocese of Bosnia was united with Diocese of Sirmio
Sources:[10] [11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OŠJ 1975, p. 134.
  2. ^ Napredak 1998, pp. 718–736.
  3. ^ OŠJ 1975, p. 334.
  4. ^ Napredak 1998, pp. 747–751.
  5. ^ Šanjek 1996, p. 54.
  6. ^ Napredak 1998, p. 755.
  7. ^ OŠJ 1975, p. 370.
  8. ^ David M. Cheney. "Diocese of Bosnia". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  9. ^ David M. Cheney. "Archdiocese of Ðakovo-Osijek". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  10. ^ (Croatian)"Povijest-Biskupi (History-Bishops)". vrhbosanska-nadbiskupija.org. Archdiocese of Vrhbosna. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  11. ^ (Croatian)"Bosanska biskupija (Diocese of Bosnia)". vrhbosanska-nadbiskupija.org. Archdiocese of Vrhbosna. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Opći šematizam Katoličke crkve u Jugoslaviji 1974. (in Croatian). Zagreb: Bishops' Conference of Yugoslavia. 1975. 
  • Povijest Bosne i Hercegovine od najstarijih vremena do godine 1463. (in Croatian) I. Sarajevo: HKD Napredak. 1998. 
  • Šanjek, Franjo (1996). Kršćanstvo na hrvatskom prostoru. Pregled religiozne povijesti Hrvata (7.-20. st.) (in Croatian). Zagreb: Kršćanska sadašnjost.