Roman Catholic Diocese of Northampton
|Diocese of Northampton
|Territory||The shires of Bedford, Buckingham, and Northampton, and that part of Berkshire (formerly in Buckinghamshire) that lies to the north of the River Thames.|
|Area||3,419 km2 (1,320 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)
|Established||29 September 1850|
|Bishop||Peter John Haworth Doyle|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Vincent Nichols|
|Vicar General||Provost Séan Healy|
|Emeritus Bishops||Patrick Leo McCartie|
Diocese of Northampton within the Province of Wesminster
The Diocese of Northampton is one of the 22 Roman Catholic dioceses in England and Wales and a Latin Rite suffragan diocese of Westminster. Its see is in Northampton. The Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate and St Thomas of Canterbury is the mother church of the Diocese.
When St Augustine came from Rome in 597 he concentrated on the areas of Kent and Essex, but thirty years later the area that the Northampton Diocese covers finally received the Christian message, with the arrival of the missionary St Birinius and the foundation of his see at Dorchester-on-Thames in 636. Nevertheless the real evangelisation of the people who dwelt in the diocese was achieved through the labours and missionaries of the isle of Lindisfarne, off the Northumbrian coast. Notable amongst them was St Chad, whose see, established at Lichfield in 669, included the present diocese of Northampton.
From the time of the Reformation until 1850, Catholic dioceses ceased to exist in Britain. However, in 1688 England was divided into four Apostolic vicariates, with Northampton under the authority of the Vicar Apostolic of the Midland District. In 1840, the Apostolic Vicariate of the Eastern District was created out of the Midland District. On the restoration of the Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX on 29 September 1850, most of the Eastern District became the Diocese of Northampton. Its first bishop was William Wareing, previously Vicar Apostolic of the Eastern District.
On 13 March 1976, by decree Quod Ecumenicum, Pope Paul VI formed the Diocese of East Anglia for the counties of Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk by detaching these counties from the Diocese of Northampton.
Diocesan Coat of Arms
The motto under the shield translates as 'Do right and lead to charity'. On the shield are lilies and choughs, which are symbols of the two patrons of the Diocese, and of the Cathedral, Blessed Virgin Mary and St Thomas of Canterbury.
Bishop Patrick Leo McCartie is the bishop emeritus of Northampton, having retired on 29 Mar 2001 after serving the diocese for 11 years. He was succeeded by bishop Kevin John Patrick McDonald who went on to be appointed Archbishop of Southwark on 6 November 2003.
- William Wareing (appointed Vicar Apostolic of the Eastern District on 5 June 1840, elevated Bishop of Northampton on 29 September 1850 – resigned on 21 December 1858)
- Francis Kerril Amherst (appointed on 14 May 1858 – resigned 16 October 1879)
- Arthur George Riddell (appointed on 27 April 1880 – died in office on 15 September 1907)
- Frederick William Keating (appointed on 5 February 1908 – translated to the Archdiocese of Liverpool on 13 June 1921)
- Dudley Charles Cary-Elwes (appointed on 21 November 1921 – died in office on 1 May 1932)
- Laurence William Youens (appointed on 16 June 1933 – died in office on 14 November 1939)
- Thomas Leo Parker (appointed on 14 December 1940 – retired 17 January 1967)
- Charles Alexander Grant (appointed on 14 March 1967 – retired 16 February 1982)
- Francis Gerard Thomas (appointed on 27 August 1982 – died in office on 25 December 1988)
- Patrick Leo McCartie (appointed on 20 February 1990 – retired 29 March 2001)
- Kevin John Patrick McDonald (appointed on 29 March 2001 – translated to the Archdiocese of Southwark on 6 November 2003)
- Peter John Haworth Doyle (current bishop, appointed on 24 May 2005)
The estimated Catholic population of the diocese in 2004 was 173,539 while the total population in the diocesan territory was 2,000,769. The diocese covers a territory of 5,532 km² and has 68 parishes.
The Northampton Diocese makes up part of the Catholic Association Pilgrimage.