Diocese of Squillace
The Italian Catholic diocese of Calabria in Calabria existed until 1986. In that year it was combined into the archdiocese of Catanzaro-Squillace. It was a suffragan of the archdiocese of Reggio in Calabria.
Invasions of Saracens in the ninth and tenth centuries, a landing of the Turks in 1595, and the earthquake of 1783 caused the ruin of Squillace. St. Bruno established two Carthusian monasteries within the limits of the diocese, S. Maria dell' Eremo and S. Stefano in Nemore, the latter having the less rigorous discipline.
The first known Bishop of Squillace is Gaudentius (465); Zachæus accompanied Pope Vigilius to Constantinople (551); John, previously Bishop of Lissa, in Dalmatia, having been driven out by the barbarians, was transferred to Squillace by Gregory the Great. After Bishop Demetrius (870), no bishops are mentioned until the Norman conquest, after which Count Roger erected the cathedral, into which the Latin Rite was introduced, while the Greek Rite continued much longer in the diocese.
The series of bishops commences again with Theodore Mismer (1094). Other bishops were:
- Francesco degli Arcesi (1418–1476);
- Cardinal Enrigo Borgia (1539);
- Cardinal Guglielmo Sirleto (1568);
- his nephew, Marcello Sirleto (1573);
- Tommaso Sirleto (1594);
- Fabrizio Sirleto (1693);
- Nicolò Micheli.
The territory of Squillace contains Stilo, the ancient Consilinum, three bishops of which are known, Sabinus (495) being the earliest.
- Cappelletti, Le chiese d'Italia, XXI