List of works in Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia

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Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia was a book series of 133[1] volumes, edited by Dionysius Lardner.

Background[edit]

Illustration from the first volume of Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia, the History of Scotland by Walter Scott

During the first quarter of the 19th century, self-improvement literature became an important portion of the book market: "it was the age of the 'Family Library' edition".[2] In his article on the Cabinet Cyclopaedia, Morse Peckham writes that this "revolution in literacy, [was] partly the result of the spread of liberal ideas by the French Revolution, [and] partly of the desire to combat those ideas by teaching the poor to read the Bible and religious tracts [... It] was to have an effect on modern society almost as profound as the industrial and agricultural revolutions".[3] Dionysius Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia, published between 1829 and 1846, was one of the most successful of these enterprises, which also included John Murray's Family Library and the publications of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.[4] Although intended for the "general reader", the series was aimed specifically at the middle class rather than the masses: each volume cost six shillings, prohibiting purchase by the poor.[5] The advertisements for the Cyclopaedia describe the expected audience as "merchants, captains, families, [and] new-married couples".[6] The prospectus assured its readers that "nothing will be admitted into the pages of the 'CABINET CYCLOPAEDIA' which can have the most remote tendency to offend public or private morals. To enforce the cultivation of religion and the practice of virtue should be a principal object with all who undertake to inform the public mind."[7]

The series was divided into five "Cabinets": Arts and Manufactures, Biography, History, Natural History, and Natural Philosophy. The advertisement claimed these covered "all the usual divisions of knowledge that are not of a technical and professional kind".[8] Unlike other encyclopedias of the time, Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia arranged its articles topically rather than alphabetically.[9] The series eventually contained 61 titles in 133 volumes and customers could purchase a single volume, a single cabinet, or the entire set.[10] The first volume was published in December 1829 by Longman, Reese, Orme, Browne, Greene, and John Taylor.[11] Thirty-eight identified authors contributed (others are unidentified);[12] Mary Shelley was the only female contributor and the eighth most productive.[11]

Reverend Dr. Dionysius Lardner, a science lecturer at University College London, started the Cabinet Cyclopaedia in 1827 or 1828.[9] The authors who contributed to the volumes spanned the political spectrum and included many luminaries of the day. James Mackintosh, Walter Scott, Thomas Moore, and Connop Thirlwall wrote histories; Robert Southey wrote naval biographies; Henry Roscoe wrote legal biographies; John Herschel wrote on astronomy and the philosophy of science; August de Morgan wrote on mathematics; David Brewster wrote on optics; and Lardner himself wrote on mathematics and physics.[13] Authors were usually paid about £200 for each volume, though some contracts were much higher or lower. For example, Irish poet Thomas Moore was contracted to write a two-volume History of Ireland for £1,500.[14] One of the reasons the overall project ran into difficulty may have been that it overpaid well-known writers.[15] Peckham speculates that the reason many of the famous writers listed on the prospectus never participated was because of the project's financial problems. The 19 substitute contributors were, he writes, "at the time and subsequently a far less distinguished group than Lardner had originally announced".[16]

The books were relatively expensive to print, because of the Corbould and Finden illustrations, the images for the scientific volumes, and the use of Spottiswoode's printing house.[17] In order to cut costs, the publishers decided to use small print and narrow margins.[17] An estimated 4,000 copies of the first edition of the early volumes were printed, but the print run would probably have fallen to 2,500 since the sales did not pick up after 1835.[17] As it became clear that the series was not going to take off, fewer review copies were sent out and advertisements became smaller.[17] Lardner's interest in the project may also have waned, as he paid less attention to its business dealings.[17] However, some volumes of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia remained in print until 1890.[18]

Because of the popularity of encyclopedias at the beginning of the 19th century, the Cabinet Cyclopaedia did not receive enough critical notice to make it a bestseller. Often the reviews were "perfunctory".[17] However, some individual writers received attention. Moore, for example, was given a front-page spread in the Literary Gazette for his history of Ireland.[19] Shelley's volumes received 12 reviews in total—a good number—but "her name was never fully exploited" in the project; whether by her choice or Lardner's, it is unclear.[17] Nevertheless, Peckham writes that "the Cyclopaedia on the whole was a distinguished and valuable work", and some of the individual volumes became famous.[20]

List of works[edit]

Volume Year (of first volume, in set) Author Title
I, IV 1830[21] Walter Scott History of Scotland[22]
II, XI, XVI William Desborough Cooley[23] History of Maritime Discovery[22]
III, XCIV Michael Donovan Domestic Economy. I: A Treatise on Brewing and II: Human Food[22][24]
V Henry Kater, Lardner Mechanics[22]
VI Henry Roscoe Lives of Eminent British Lawyers[22]
VII Cities and Principal Towns of the World[22]
VIII, XVIII, XXXVII,[25] XLII,[26] LXIX,[27] LXXXI,[28] XCV,[29] CIV,[30] CXIII,[31] CXXIV[1] Sir James Mackintosh, continuation by William Wallace and Robert Bell[32][33] History of England[22]
IX 1831 Anonymous (Thomas Keightley)[34] Outlines of History[22]
X Thomas Colley Grattan The History of the Netherlands[22]
XII, XV, XXIII Eyre Evans Crowe History of France[22]
XIII, XXXIII[35] 1830[36] Anonymous (Henry Fergus)[37] The History of the Western World: the United States of America[22]
XIV John Herschel Preliminary Discourse on Natural Philosophy[22]
XVII 1831[38] Lardner Hydrostatics and Pneumatics[22]
XIX David Brewster Treatise on Optics[22]
XX Samuel Astley Dunham[39] History of Poland[22]
XXI, LXXVIII,[40] XCI,[41] XCIX,[42] CI,[42] CVIII,[1] CXV[1] 1831[43] John Forster The Lives of British Statesmen,[22] also Lives of the Statesmen of the Commonwealth
XXII George Richardson Porter[44] A Treatise on the Origin, Progressive Improvement, and Present State of the Silk Manufacture[22]
XXIV, XLII,[45] LII[46] John Holland[47][48] A Treatise on the Progressive Improvement, and Present State of Manufactures in Metal
XXV, XXVIII,[49] XXXVI[50] 1831 George Robert Gleig Lives of the most Eminent British Military Commanders[51]
XXVI Porter[47] History of the Manufacture of Porcelain and Glass
XXVII 1832 Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi History of the Italian Republics[52]
XXIX, XXX,[53] XXXII,[54] XXXV,[55] XXXVIII[56] 1832 Dunham[46] History of Spain and Portugal[57]
XXXI 1832 Anonymous[33] The History of Switzerland[58]
XXXIV 1832 Donovan Treatise on Chemistry[59]
XXXIX Lardner A Treatise on Heat[60]
XL, XLVII,[61] LVII,[46] LXXXVII,[62] CXXVIII[1] Robert Southey The Naval History of England[63]
XLI, LII[46] 1833 Henry Stebbing History of the Christian Church
XLIII 1833 Herschel A Treatise on Astronomy[64]
XLIV 1833 Nicholas Harris Nicolas Chronology of History[65]
XLV, XLIX, LIII, LVIII[46] Dunham[66] The History of Europe during the Middle Ages[67]
XLVI, LXXVI,[68] LXXXII,[69] LXXXIX,[70] CII[42] Crowe, George Payne Rainsford James[70][71] Eminent Foreign Statesmen[61]
XLVIII, LXX[72] Thomas Dudley Fosbroke[23] History, Arts, Manufactures, Manners and Institutions of Greeks and Romans[61]
XLIX, LXXIII[73] 1833 Anonymous (Robert Bell)[74] History of Rome[61]
LVI, LXI[46] Sismondi Fall of the Roman Empire[61]
LI[46] Baden Powell History of Natural Philosophy[61]
LV[46] Lardner Treatise on Arithmetic[61]
LIX[46] William John Swainson Discourse on the Study of Natural History[61]
LXIII, LXXI,[75] XCVI[1][76] By Mary Shelley, Brewster, James Montgomery and others[77] Lives of Literary Men of Italy, Spain and Portugal[1][78]
LX, LXIV, LXVII[1][79] Dunham History of the Germanic Empire[80]
LXV, XC,[81] CXXI,[82] CXXXIII (final volume) 1846[1][83] Thomas Moore History of Ireland[84]
LXVI Swainson A Treatise on the Geography of Animals[85]
LXVIII, LXXIV,[86] LXXX,[87] LXXXVIII,[88] CIII,[89] CXIV,[31] CXXV,[1] CXXXII[1] Connop Thirlwall History of Greece[90]
LXXII 1835 Swainson The Natural History and Classification of Quadrupeds[91]
LXXV 1836[92] John Stevens Henslow The Principles of Descriptive and Physiological Botany[93]
LXXVII,[94] LXXXVI[1] 1836 Stebbing History of the Reformation
LXXIX, LXXXV, C[42] 1836 Robert Bell[66] A History of Russia[95]
LXXXIII, XCII[96] 1836 Swainson Natural History and Classification of Birds[97]
LXXXIV,[98] XCIII,[99] CVI,[1] CXII,[1] CXIX[1] 1836 Dunham and others[1] Lives of the Most Eminent Literary and Scientific Men of Great Britain
XCVII, CXI[1] 1837 John Phillips A Treatise on Geology[100]
XCVIII 1838 Swainson Animals in Menagerie[101]
CV, CXVII[1] 1838 Mary Shelley and others Lives of the most Eminent Literary and Scientific Men of France[102]
CVII Augustus De Morgan Essay on Probabilities[1]
CIX, CXVI Swainson Fish, Reptiles and Amphibians[1]
CX, CXVIII, CXXII[1] Dunham History of Norway, Denmark and Sweden[103]
CXX Swainson Habits and Instincts of Animals[1]
CXXIII Swainson Shells, and Shell-Fish[1]
CXXVI Swainson Taxidermy[104]
CXXVII Lardner Geometry and its Applications[1]
CXXIX[1] 1840 Swainson and William Edward Shuckard On the History and Natural Arrangement of Insects[105]
CXXX, CXXXI[1] 1841 Lardner, Charles Vincent Walker Manual of Electricity, Magnetism and Meteorology

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Mercantile Library Association of the City of New-York (1856). Catalogue of books in the Mercantile library, of the city of New York: with a supplement to August 1, 1856. Baker & Godwin, Printers. p. 138. 
  2. ^ Crook, xix.
  3. ^ Peckham, 38; for a longer explanation of this phenomenon, see Smith, 128–31.
  4. ^ Crook, xix; Kucich, "Biographer", 227; Peckham, 37.
  5. ^ Crook, xx; Kucich, "Biographer", 235; Peckham, 42.
  6. ^ Qtd. in Kucich, "Biographer", 235.
  7. ^ Qtd. in Peckham, 41.
  8. ^ Qtd. in Crook, xx; see also Kucich, "Biographer", 227.
  9. ^ a b Peckham, 40.
  10. ^ Crook, xx; Peckham, 37.
  11. ^ a b Crook, xx.
  12. ^ Peckham, 37.
  13. ^ Peckham, 43–44.
  14. ^ Crook, xxiv, note a.
  15. ^ Crook, xxiv.
  16. ^ Peckham, 47.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Crook, xxv.
  18. ^ Crook, xxvi.
  19. ^ Crook, xxiv–v.
  20. ^ Peckham, 48.
  21. ^ Sir Walter Scott (1830). The history of Scotland. Printed for Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans. pp. i. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. Archibald Constable and Company. 1831. p. 32. 
  23. ^ a b Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 36. 
  24. ^ Sydney Smith; Lord Francis Jeffrey Jeffrey; Macvey Napier; William Empson, Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Henry Reeve, Arthur Ralph Douglas Elliot (Hon.), Harold Cox (1838). The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. A. Constable. p. 257. 
  25. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1833. p. 85. 
  26. ^ Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1835. p. 218. 
  27. ^ Asiatic Journal. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1835. p. 62. 
  28. ^ Asiatic Journal. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1836. p. 86. 
  29. ^ East India Company (1837). The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. p. 246. 
  30. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1838. p. 331. 
  31. ^ a b The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal. Longmans, Green & Company. 1839. p. 568. 
  32. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1839. p. 163. 
  33. ^ a b Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 34. 
  34. ^ George Watson (1966). The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. CUP Archive. p. 894. GGKEY:SQT257C7TNL. 
  35. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1882. p. 76. 
  36. ^ Samuel Greatheed; Daniel Parken; Theophilus Williams; Thomas Price, Josiah Conder, Jonathan Edwards Ryland, Edwin Paxton Hood (1831). The Eclectic Review. p. 281. 
  37. ^ Washington D.C., libr. of Congress (1861). Catalogue of the Library of Congress. p. 1376. 
  38. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1831. p. 96. 
  39. ^  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1888). "Dunham, Samuel Astley". Dictionary of National Biography 16. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  40. ^ East India Company (1836). The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. p. 238. 
  41. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1837. p. 302. 
  42. ^ a b c d Allgemeine Bibliographie für Deutschland. Mit alphabetischen und systematischen Registern. F. A. Brockhaus. 1838. p. 303. 
  43. ^ The Eclectic review. vol. 1-New [8th]. 1831. p. 421. 
  44. ^ Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 42. 
  45. ^ Sydney Smith (1833). The Edinburgh Review Or Critical Journal. A. and C. Black. p. 555. 
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 11. 
  47. ^ a b Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 43. 
  48. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1891). "Holland, John (1794-1872)". Dictionary of National Biography 27. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  49. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1832. p. 337. 
  50. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1833. p. 1. 
  51. ^ The Edinburgh Literary Journal: Or, Weekly Register of Criticism and Belles Lettres. Ballantyne. 1831. p. 331. 
  52. ^ The Eclectic review. vol. 1-New [8th]. 1832. p. 276. 
  53. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1832. p. 153. 
  54. ^ The New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal. Henry Colburn and Company. 1832. p. 358. 
  55. ^ The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal. Longmans, Green & Company. 1833. p. 262. 
  56. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1833. p. 207. 
  57. ^ The Eclectic review. vol. 1-New [8th]. 1832. p. 441. 
  58. ^ East India Company (1832). The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. p. 251. 
  59. ^ Asiatic Journal. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1832. p. 170. 
  60. ^ Sydney Smith (1833). The Edinburgh Review Or Critical Journal. A. and C. Black. p. 555. 
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h British Museum (1837). List of Additions Made to the Collections in the British Museum in the Year[s] 1831-[1835].. order of the Trustees. p. 203. 
  62. ^ Hugh James Rose; Samuel Roffey Maitland (1837). The British Magazine. John Turrill. p. 358. 
  63. ^ The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. Archibald Constable and Company. 1833. p. 547. 
  64. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1833. p. 228. 
  65. ^ The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. Archibald Constable and Company. 1833. p. 10. 
  66. ^ a b Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 35. 
  67. ^ The New Monthly Magazine. 1833. p. 108. 
  68. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1836. p. 278. 
  69. ^ Asiatic Journal. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1836. p. 243. 
  70. ^ a b Sydney Smith; Lord Francis Jeffrey Jeffrey; Macvey Napier; William Empson, Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Arthur Ralph Douglas Elliot (Hon.), Henry Reeve, Harold Cox (1837). The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. A. Constable. p. 267. 
  71. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "James, George Payne Rainsford". Dictionary of National Biography 29. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  72. ^ Edinburgh Review, October 1835 to January, 1836. 1836. p. 256. 
  73. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1836. p. 60. 
  74. ^ Samuel Halkett (1926). Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous English Literature. Ardent Media. p. 74. GGKEY:XNNP1DZ3NZG. 
  75. ^ Edinburgh Review. 1836. p. 256. 
  76. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1837. p. 307. 
  77. ^ Dionysius Lardner (1835). Catalogue of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. p. 39. 
  78. ^ Hugh James Rose; Samuel Roffey Maitland (1835). The British Magazine and Monthly Register of Religious and Ecclesiastical Information, Parochial History, and Documents Respecting the State of the Poor, Progress of Education, Etc. J. Petheram. p. 367. 
  79. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1835. p. 220. 
  80. ^ Sydney Smith (1835). Edinburgh Review, or Critical Journal. A. and C. Black. p. 255. 
  81. ^ Hugh James Rose; Samuel Roffey Maitland (1837). The British Magazine. John Turrill. p. 723. 
  82. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1840. p. 203. 
  83. ^ Thomas Moore (1846). The History of Ireland. Baudry. pp. ix–x. 
  84. ^ Hugh James Rose; Samuel Roffey Maitland (1835). The British Magazine. John Turrill. p. 623. 
  85. ^ The Magazine of Natural History: 1835. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1835. p. 527. 
  86. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1836. p. 138. 
  87. ^ Bent's Literary Advertiser, Register of Books, Engravings, &c. .... 1836. p. 73. 
  88. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1837. p. 342. 
  89. ^ Sydney Smith; Lord Francis Jeffrey Jeffrey; Macvey Napier; William Empson, Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Henry Reeve, Arthur Ralph Douglas Elliot (Hon.), Harold Cox (1838). The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. A. Constable. p. 562. 
  90. ^ Hugh James Rose; Samuel Roffey Maitland (1835). The British Magazine and Monthly Register of Religious and Ecclesiastical Information, Parochial History, and Documents Respecting the State of the Poor, Progress of Education, Etc. J. Petheram. p. 238. 
  91. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1835. p. 314. 
  92. ^ The Magazine of Natural History: 1836. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1836. p. 392. 
  93. ^ The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal. Longmans, Green & Company. 1836. p. 277. 
  94. ^ The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal. Longmans, Green & Company. 1836. p. 279. 
  95. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1836. p. 237. 
  96. ^ The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. Archibald Constable and Company. 1837. p. 564. 
  97. ^ Edinburgh Review. 1837. pp. 258–. 
  98. ^ The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India, China and Australasia. Allen. 1837. p. 82. 
  99. ^ The Edinburgh Review: Or Critical Journal. Archibald Constable and Company. 1838. p. 254. 
  100. ^ The American Monthly Magazine. M. Bancroft, J. Wiley, and G. and C. and H. Carvill. 1838. p. 395. 
  101. ^ Asiatic Journal. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1838. p. 162. 
  102. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany. Wm. H. Allen & Company. 1838. p. 71. 
  103. ^ The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal. Longmans, Green & Company. 1840. p. 596. 
  104. ^ Hugh James Rose; Samuel Roffey Maitland (1840). The British Magazine. John Turrill. p. 359. 
  105. ^ William Swainson; William Edward Shuckard (1840). On the history and natural arrangement of insects. Printed for Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longmans. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Crook, Nora. "General Editor's Introduction". Mary Shelley's Literary Lives and Other Writings. Vol. 1. Ed. Tilar J. Mazzeo. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2002. ISBN 1-85196-716-8.
  • Kucich, Greg. "Mary Shelley's Lives and the Reengendering of History". Mary Shelley in Her Times. Eds. Betty T. Bennett and Stuart Curran. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8018-6334-1.
  • Kucich, Greg. "Biographer". The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley. Ed. Esther Schor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-521-00770-4.