Dioon

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Dioon
Dioon edule01.jpg
Dioon edule
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Cycadophyta
Class: Cycadopsida
Order: Cycadales
Family: Zamiaceae
Subfamily: Encephalartoideae
Tribe: Diooeae
Genus: Dioon
Lindl.[1][2]
Type species
Dioon edule[1]
Lindl.
Synonyms[3]

Platyzamia Zucc.

Dioon is a genus of cycads in the family Zamiaceae. It is native to Mexico and Central America.[3] Their habitats include tropical forests, pine-oak forest, and dry hillsides, canyons and coastal dunes.[4][5][6][7]

Dioons are dioecious, palmlike shrubs with cylindrical stems, usually with many leaves. Leaf bases are persistent or shedding to leave smooth bark. The genus is commonly divided into two groups of distinct morphology. The first includes D. mejiae, D. rzedowskii, and D. spinulosum, which are characterized by the greater size of their fronds, trunks, and cones. The second group contains D. califanoi, D. caputoi, D. edule, D. holmgrenii, D. merolae, D. purpusii, D. sonorense, and D. tomasellii, which are smaller overall, with shorter trunks, much shorter fronds, and smaller cones.[8]

The leaves are pinnate, spirally arranged, interspersed with cataphylls, with leaflets not articulated and lacking a midrib. The lower leaflets are often reduced to spines. The sporophylls are not in vertical rows in cones, and the megasporophyll apices are broadly flattened, upturned, and overlapping.

Species[edit]

Species accepted: [3]

  1. Dioon angustifolium Miq. - Nuevo León, Tamaulipas
  2. Dioon argenteum T.J.Greg. & al. - Oaxaca
  3. Dioon califanoi De Luca & Sabato - Puebla, Oaxaca
  4. Dioon caputoi De Luca, Sabato & Vázq.Torres Puebla, Oaxaca
  5. Dioon edule Lindl. - Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Guanajuato, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí
  6. Dioon holmgrenii De Luca, Sabato & Vázq.Torres - Oaxaca
  7. Dioon mejiae Standl. & L.O.Williams - Honduras
  8. Dioon merolae De Luca, Sabato & Vázq.Torres - Oaxaca, Chiapas
  9. Dioon purpusii Rose - Oaxaca
  10. Dioon rzedowskii De Luca, Sabato & Vázq.Torres - Oaxaca
  11. Dioon sonorense (De Luca, Sabato & Vázq.Torres) Chemnick et al. - Sonora, Sinaloa
  12. Dioon spinulosum Dyer ex Eichl - Veracruz, Oaxaca
  13. Dioon stevensonii Nic.-Mor. & Vovides - Michoacán, Guerrero
  14. Dioon tomasellii De Luca, Sabato & Vázq.Torres - Durango. Jalisco, Nayarit

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b In: Edwards's Botanical Register 29: misc. 59-60. 1843. "Name - Dioon Lindl.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved February 15, 2010. "Annotation: as 'Dion' ; orth. & nom. cons.
    Type Specimen: Dioon edule Lindl."
     
  2. ^ Original Publication GRIN (October 5, 2007). "Dioon information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 15, 2010. "Comments: this spelling conserved (nom. cons.)(Vienna ICBN Art. 14.11 & App. III) against the original spelling 'Dion' " 
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M., J. L. Reveal, A. K. Farjon, M. F. Gardner, R. R. Mill & M. W. Chase. 2011. A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms. Phytotaxa 19: 55–70.
  5. ^ Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  6. ^ Vovides, A. P., J. D. Rees & M. Vázquez-Torres. 1983. Zamiaceae. Flora de Veracruz 26: 1–31.
  7. ^ Breedlove, D.E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Florísticos de México 4: i–v, 1–246.
  8. ^ Norstog, K.J. & Nichols, T.J. (1997). The biology of the cycads. Cornell University Press. 

External links[edit]