Diosdado Cabello

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Cabello and the second or maternal family name is Rondón.
Diosdado Cabello
Cabello.jpg
Cabello in 2010.
Incumbent
Assumed office
5 January 2012
President
Preceded by Fernando Soto Rojas
Vice President of Venezuela
In office
13 January 2002 – 28 April 2002
President Hugo Chávez
Preceded by Adina Bastidas
Succeeded by José Vicente Rangel
Minister of Interior and Justice
In office
28 April 2002 – 10 January 2003
Preceded by Ramón Rodríguez Chacín
Governor of Miranda
In office
2004–2008
Preceded by Enrique Mendoza
Succeeded by Henrique Capriles Radonski
Personal details
Born (1963-04-15) April 15, 1963 (age 51)
El Furrial, Monagas State, Venezuela
Political party
  • 1997–2008 MVR
  • 2008–present PSUV
Profession Engineer

Diosdado Cabello Rondón (born April 15, 1963[1]) is a Venezuelan politician, President (Speaker) of the National Assembly of Venezuela and active member of the Venezuelan armed forces. He was involved in Hugo Chávez’s return to power after the 2002 coup d'état. He became a leading member of Chavez’s Movimiento V República (MVR), and remains a leading member of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela into which MVR was merged in 2007. Governor of Miranda from 2004 to 2008, he lost the 2008 election to Henrique Capriles Radonski, and was subsequently appointed Public Works & Housing Minister. In November 2009 he was additionally appointed head of the National Commission of Telecom, a position traditionally independent from Ministry of Public Works and Housing.[2] In 2010, he was elected a member of parliament by his home state of Monagas. In 2011, President Hugo Chávez named him Vice-President of Venezuela’s ruling party, the PSUV.[3] In 2012, he was elected and sworn in as President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, the country’s parliament.[4]

Background[edit]

Diosdado Cabello was born in El Furrial, Monagas State.[1] His background is in engineering. He has an undergraduate degree in systems engineering from the Instituto Universitario Politécnico de las Fuerzas Armadas Nacionales[1] and a graduate degree in engineering project management from the Andrés Bello Catholic University.[1] A [?former] member of the armed forces, he was involved in Chávez’s abortive coup d'état of February 1992, for which he was jailed. President Rafael Caldera pardoned him, like the rest of the coup participants and he was released after only two years without any charges.[5]

Political career[edit]

Miranda State Governor Election, 2008 Results
Source: CNE data
Candidates Votes  %
Henrique Capriles Radonski 583.795 53,11%
Diosdado Cabello 506.753 46,10%

Following Chávez’s 1998 electoral victory, he helped set up the pro-Chávez grassroots civil society organizations known as "Bolivarian Circles". He was head of telecoms regulator Conatel during the time the market was opened to competition. In May 2001 he became Chavez' chief of staff, and was appointed Vice President by President Hugo Chávez on January 13, 2002, replacing Adina Bastidas.[5] As such, he was responsible to both the president and the National Assembly, and for the relations between the executive and legislative branches of the government.

On April 13, 2002, he took on the duties of the presidency on a temporary basis, replacing Pedro Carmona, head of the Venezuelan Chamber of Commerce, as interim president during the coup d'état attempt when Chávez was kept prisoner and was consequently absent from office.[6] Upon taking office, Cabello said that "I, Diosdado Cabello, am assuming the presidency until such time as the president of the republic, Hugo Chávez Frías, appears." A few hours later, Chávez was back in office. This made Cabello’s presidency the world’s second briefest, after that of Mexican President Pedro Lascuráin.

On April 28, 2002, Cabello was replaced as Vice President by José Vicente Rangel. Cabello was named interior minister in May 2002,[7] and then infrastructure minister in January 2003.

In October 2004, Cabello was elected to a four-year term as Governor of Miranda State. He lost the 2008 election to Henrique Capriles Radonski, and was subsequently appointed Public Works & Housing Minister. In November 2009 he was additionally appointed head of Conatel.[2]

In 2011 Cabello was installed as the Vice-President of the United Socialist Party (PSUV), thus becoming the second most powerful figure in the party after Hugo Chávez.[8]

Cabello was appointed president of the National Assembly in early 2012 and was re-elected to that post in January 2013.[9]

Cabello’s current status after the death of Hugo Chávez is disputed. Some argue that Cabello is constitutionally the acting President while the power remains in the hands of Nicolás Maduro.[10]

His wife, Marlenys Contreras, also serves as a member of the National Assembly.[11] Cabello’s sister, Glenna, is a political scientist and current Counsellor of the Venezuelan Permanent Mission to the United Nations.[12] His brother, José David, previously minister of infrastructure, is in charge of the nation’s taxes as head of SENIAT, Venezuela’s revenue service.[8]

Corruption[edit]

He is described by "The Atlantic" as the "Frank Underwood of Venezuela under whose watch the National Assembly of Venezuela has made a habit of ignoring constitutional hurdles entirely—at various times preventing opposition members from speaking in session, suspending their salaries, stripping particularly problematic legislators of parliamentary immunity, and, on one occasion, even presiding over the physical beating of unfriendly lawmakers while the assembly was meeting. [2] [3] [4] There are currently at least 17 formal corruption allegations lodged against Cabello in Venezuela's prosecutors office. [5] [6]

Wikileaks Cables[edit]

A Wikileaked U.S. Embassy cable from 2009 characterized Cabello as a “major pole” of corruption within the regime, describing him as “amassing great power and control over the regime’s apparatus as well as a private fortune, often through intimidation behind the scenes.” The communiqué likewise entertained speculation that “Chavez himself might be concerned about Cabello's growing influence but unable to diminish it.” [7] [8]

Nepotism[edit]

Cabello lavishly rewards friends, and even helps fill government offices with members of his own family. His wife is a member of the National Assembly, his brother is in charge of the nation’s taxation authority, and his sister is a Venezuelan delegate to the United Nations.[9]

Derwick Associates bribes[edit]

Information presented to the United States State Department by Stratfor claimed that Cabello was "head of one of the major centers of corruption in Venezuela." In 2014, Cabello was charged by a court in Miami, Florida of accepting bribes from Derwick Associates including a $50 million payment. These bribes were reportedly made so Derwick Associates could get public contracts from the Venezuelan government.[13]

Organizing colectivos[edit]

Cabello, along with Freddy Bernal and Eliezer Otaiza, have been accused of directing colectivos by organizing and paying them with money from the funds of Petróleos de Venezuela.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Vicepresidencia de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Diosdado Cabello Rondón, accessed 19 April 2010
  2. ^ a b "Chavez eliminates autonomy of broadcasting commission," Informe21, Nov 11, 2009.
  3. ^ "Primer vicepresidente del PSUV: Diosdado Cabello". Agencia Venezolana de Noticias. 
  4. ^ "Diosdado Cabello is the new president of the National Assembly". El Universal. 
  5. ^ a b [1]"Chavez Dismisses Vice President," Associated Press, Jan 13, 2002.
  6. ^ His first order was to send a group of elite navy troops to rescue Mr Chavez, who was being held prisoner by renegade forces at a base on a Caribbean island. "Venezuela National Assembly chief: Diosdado Cabello". BBC News. 5 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Venezuela president names new cabinet", BBC News, May 6, 2002.
  8. ^ a b "Venezuela National Assembly chief: Diosdado Cabello". BBC News. 5 January 2013. 
  9. ^ "Venezuela National Assembly re-elects Chavez ally Cabello". BBC News. 5 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Según la constitución venezolana Diosdado Cabello debería asumir el mando y llamar a elecciones". Diario Uno (in Spanish) (Associated Press). 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Diputada Marlenys Contreras: "La mujer venezolana es Socialista y Revolucionaria"". Asamblea Nacional. Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "Assembly Hears Report from Sixth Committee". United Nations News and Media. 6 December 2010. Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Demanda afirma que Diosdado Cabello recibió sobornos por $50 millones". El Nuevo Herald. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "NC COMMAND ATTACKS CRIMINAL TEAM: Diosdado Cabello-Freddy Bernal-Eliezer Otaiza". Ahora Vision. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Adina Bastidas Ramírez
Vice President of Venezuela
13 January 2002 – 28 April 2002
Succeeded by
José Vicente Rangel Vale
Preceded by
Pedro Carmona
(de facto)
President of Venezuela
(Acting)

13 April 2002 – 14 April 2002
Succeeded by
Hugo Chávez
Preceded by
Ramón Rodríguez Chacín
Minister of Interior and Justice
May 2002 – January 2003
Succeeded by
Lucas Rincón Romero
Preceded by
Enrique Mendoza
Governor of Miranda
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Henrique Capriles Radonski