Dipendra of Nepal
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|Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev|
|Prince Dipendra (left)|
|Reign||1 June 2001 – 4 June 2001|
|Father||Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev|
|Mother||Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah|
27 June 1971|
Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Nepal
|Died||4 June 2001
King Birendra Military Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (27 June 1971 – 4 June 2001) was a member of the Nepalese Royal Family, who briefly reigned in a coma as King of Nepal from 1-4 June 2001. The official report submitted by the investigation team formed by the local government tells that, as the Crown Prince, he killed his family at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001, including his father King Birendra. The report also states that Dipendra was also mortally wounded by a self-inflicted gunshot to the side of the head. However, few really believe what was put forward to the general public. The Nepalese believe that the massacre was the result of a conspiracy rather than the Crown Prince murdering his entire family. Due to many controversies it was later acknowledged that Dipendra wasn't guilty of murder. He officially became king for three days as he lingered in a coma before dying.
Dipendra received his early education at Budhanilkantha School, Kathmandu. He also studied at Eton College in England. After Eton, he attended Tribhuvan University in Nepal and later joined the Military Academy, Kharipati. He studied for his master's degree in Geography at Tribhuvan University and was a PhD student in the same University. He had military training from Academy of Royal Nepalese Army, and pilot training from civil aviation Department.
He was interested in the fields of social service and had a keen enthusiasm for sports. He used to show presence in various national and international sports ceremonies where the Nepalese players participated. He was the patron of the National Sports Council and Nepal's Scouts. He had an active contribution in the devastating earthquakes of 1988 and 1993. He also had an interest in literary works. His articles were published in the periodicals frequently. His writing were on the motif of nation, nationality, life and world. He had very simple, natural and decent characteristics. He had a friendly nature and the Nepalese People to this day do not believe he was the perpetrator of the bloody incident inside the Narayanhity Royal Palace.
Motive for murder
Official reports state that Dipendra assassinated family members because of anger over a marriage dispute. Dipendra's choice of a bride was Devyani Rana, daughter of Pashupati SJB Rana a member of the Rana clan, against whom the Shah family of kings have a historic animosity. In recent times though, Shah kings and princes have married (almost exclusively) members of the Rana family. The Rana clan had served as the hereditary prime ministers of Nepal until 1951 under the title 'Maharaja', and the two clans have a long history of inter-marriages.
Dipendra's uncle, Prince Gyanendra, is often accused of arranging the murder of all the competitors to the throne. He quickly issued an official statement claiming that the massacre had been the result of an automatic weapon accidentally misfiring. Gyanendra then appointed two men to investigate the massacre. According to this official account, Dipendra was denied his choice of a wife by his mother Aiswarya, and so he massacred his family in a much-publicised incident after indulging in a drinking binge. Among the dead were his father King Birendra, mother, brother, and sister. Dipendra survived comatose for three days, and was proclaimed King in his hospital bed. He died of his injuries on 4 June, after a three-day reign, and was succeeded by Prince Gyanendra.
- National Honours
- Sovereign of the Order of Nepal Pratap Bhaskara
- Sovereign of the Order of Ojaswi Rajanya
- Sovereign of the Order of Nepal Taradisha
- Sovereign of the Order of Tri Shakti Patta
- Sovereign of the Order of Gorkha Dakshina Bahu
- King Birendra Investiture Medal (24/02/1975)
- Commemorative Silver Jubilee Medal of King Birendra (31/01/1997)
- Foreign Honours
- Denmark : Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog (17/10/1989)
- Germany : Knight Grand Cross Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (1997)
- Japan : Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum (12/04/2001)
- Super Star (2002 Indian film) which was loosely based on the love story of Dipendra and Devyani Rana, and the Nepalese royal massacre.
- List of shortest reigning monarchs of all time
- History of Nepal
- Regicide, patricide and fratricide
- "Nepal’s royal massacre still a mystery 10 years on | Inquirer News". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- BBC News South Asia.
- Royal Ark
- Royal Ark
- Royal Ark
- Murder and intrigue in Katmandu (World Tibet News Network)
- Nepal: Murder in Palace, Maoists in Mountains (RWOR)
- Trapped in tradition (Frontline:India's National Magazine)
Dipendra of NepalBorn: 27 June 1971 Died: 4 June 2001
|King of Nepal
1 June 2001 – 4 June 2001
|Crown Prince of Nepal
Title next held byParas