Dipendra of Nepal

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Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Dipendra Shah.jpg
Late Crown Prince Dipendra in Nepalese Daura Suruwal
King of Nepal
Reign 1 June 2001 – 4 June 2001
Predecessor Birendra
Successor Gyanendra
Father Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Mother Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah
Born (1971-06-27)27 June 1971
Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Nepal
Died 4 June 2001(2001-06-04) (aged 29)
King Birendra Military Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Religion Hinduism

Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (27 June 1971 – 4 June 2001) was the thirteenth King of Nepal. He reigned from 1 to 4 June 2001[1] whilst in a coma.

Prince Dipendra in Military attire.

Personality[edit]

From a very young age, Dipendra was known for his cruel behavior towards animals, especially birds, taking joy in burning their tails. The palace priest had predicted that he would become a king like none of his predecessors; he had said that he would become a "Chakrawarti Raja" (King of Kings). Most historians and scholars would state that Dipendra's childhood nature affected his personality in his later years, thus culminating in his own demise.

Education[edit]

King Dipendra received his early education at Budhanilkantha School, Kathmandu. Later, he attended the Eton College in England. After Eton, he attended the Tribhuvan University in Nepal and later joined the Military Academy, Kharipati, Nepal. He studied Geography at Tribhuvan University for his master's degree and was a PhD student in the same University. He had military training from Academy of Royal Nepalese Gurkha Army, and piloting training from civil aviation Department.

Interests[edit]

He was interested in the fields of social service and had a keen enthusiasm for sports. He used to show presence in various national and international sports ceremonies where the Nepalese players participated. He was the patron of the National Sports Council and Nepal's Scouts. He had an active contribution in the devastating earthquakes of 1988 and 1993. He also had an interest in literary works. His articles were published in the periodicals frequently. His writing were on the motif of nation, nationality, life and world. Dipendra was also a keen karateka and had received black belt around age of twenty. He was captain of nepalese karate team.

Motive for murder[edit]

Official reports state that Dipendra massacred his own family members including both his parents because of anger over a marriage dispute.[2] Dipendra's choice of bride was Devyani Rana, daughter of Pashupati Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, a member of the Rana clan. However, the royal family did not approve of this choice because of the fact that she was supposedly a low class Rana though Shah kings and princes have married (almost exclusively) members of the Rana family and the two clans have a long history of inter-marriages.

Dipendra's uncle, Prince Gyanendra, is often accused of arranging the murder of all the competitors to the throne. He quickly issued an official statement claiming that the massacre had been the result of an automatic weapon accidentally misfiring. Gyanendra, then appointed a two men committee to investigate the massacre. According to this official account, Dipendra was denied his choice of a wife by his mother Queen Aishwarya, and so he massacred his family in a much-publicised incident after indulging in a drinking binge. Among the dead were his father King Birendra, mother, brother, and sister. Dipendra survived comatose for three days, and was proclaimed King in his hospital bed. He died of his injuries on 4 June, after a three-day reign, and was succeeded by Prince Gyanendra.[3]

Honours[edit]

National Honours
Foreign Honours

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Dipendra of Nepal
Born: 27 June 1971 Died: 4 June 2001
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Birendra
King of Nepal
1 June 2001 – 4 June 2001
Succeeded by
Gyanendra
Nepalese royalty
Preceded by
Birendra
Crown Prince of Nepal
1971–2001
Vacant
Title next held by
Paras