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Temporal range: Late Miocene – Recent
Kangaroo rat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Heteromyidae
Subfamily: Dipodomyinae
Gervais, 1853

The subfamily Dipodomyinae contains two genera:

Members of Dipodomyinae, as implied by both their common and scientific names, are bipedal; they also jump exceptionally well. Kangaroo rats and mice are native to the desert ecosystems of the southwestern United States, are generally herbivorous foragers, and dig and live in burrows.