Dipsacales

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Dipsacales
Dipsacus pilosus0.jpg
Scabiosa ochroleuca
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Clade: Euasterids II
Order: Dipsacales
Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl[1]
Families

Adoxaceae (moschatel family)
Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle family)
Diervillaceae
Dipsacaceae (teasel family)
Linnaeaceae (twinflower family)
Morinaceae
Valerianaceae (valerian family)

The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons.

Under the Cronquist system, the order included Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacaceae, and Valerianaceae. Under the more recent Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG II) system, the circumscription of the order is much the same but the families are circumscribed differently. APG includes Adoxaceae and a broadly circumscribed Caprifoliaceae, the latter including the alternatively acceptable families Diervillaceae, Dipsacaceae, Linnaeaceae, Morinaceae, and Valerianaceae.

Under the APG II definition some well-known members of Dipsacales are honeysuckle, elder, viburnum, and valerian.

A few other families may also belong near this order. These include the Columelliaceae, Paracryphiaceae, and Sphenostemonaceae.

The evolutionary taxonomy of Dipsacales:

Adoxaceae

Diervillaceae

Caprifoliaceae

Linnaeaceae

Morinaceae

Dipsacaceae

Valerianaceae

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  • Bell, C. D., E. J. Edwards, S. T. Kim, & M. J. Donoghue. 2001. Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Harvard Papers in Botany 6:481-499.
  • Donoghue, M. J., C. D. Bell, & R. C. Winkworth. 2003. The evolution of reproductive characters in Dipsacales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164:S453-S464

External links[edit]